Middle English - Chaucer Style - Boston College

Middle English - Chaucer Style - Boston College

Middle English Chaucer Style by Dan Foley The Canterbury Tales

Chaucers Masterpiece Never Finished 31 Pilgrims 4 Stories Each Chaucer Old Source of this Slideshow Certain words strong as ever Others have had vastly different changes in meaning Others have faded out forever without explanation Use of OED and ME along with Geoffrey The Survivors

Survival: Gay Upon his arm he baar a gay bracer Anglo-Norman, Old French Beginning as Nobel, beautiful, excellent (epithet of praise for a woman) (1325) Also bright in color, showy (1375) Of persons, light hearted, carefree, merry (1380) Then taking on an ironic meaning for excellent, beautiful, fine (1581) This is the big Change For both persons and others meaning lewd dedicated to

social pleasures, dissolute, promiscuous, hedonistic, frivolous, flamboyant, uninhibited (1597) or of a prostitute Taken on the modern, homosexual in (1922) Survival: Wood What sholde he studie, and make hymselven wood, (1374) What does this mean? Not only related to trees N. Crazy Mad Insane V. To go Mad

Comes from Scandinavian compound - Brain-Wood (Frenzied of the Brain) Gone by 1600s 1985 first instance of get wood Survival: War (Aware)

Ful fetys was hir cloke, as I was war; Originally had several meanings N. to fight, to battle etc. (we all know) Also meant Aware in this case (1370s) OED not sure about war origin, no use of it in old Germanic Possibly coming from ware meaning watchful (893) However now is obsolete Adj. worse in all senses (Scottish)

Connection? Survival: Purtreye (Portray) Juste, and eek daunce, and weel purtreye and write. An easy one French, Anglo Saxon Roots To paint, or adorn (1330) Later taking on the Modern Instance of to show, to depict

The Forms of the Dead Dead and Gone: Clepe This worthy lymytour was cleped Huberd (1386). Coming from Clip (to clink or ring) and Clap (a hard noise - Norse) A call or cry, appeal after, proclaim Last use end of the 1500s Perhaps no more use for it? Several other words take its place

The Living Dead?: eke And eek his face, as it hadde been enoyte. (1370s) gone by (1850s) Forms: Eke, eek, ek, eake, ec Possible Aryan roots, but unknown Used in terms of connecting nouns and pronouns, introducing sentences, modifying the predicate Adv. Also, in addition V. To increase, lengthen

N. An addition, increase Today: V. to supplement with great effort? As in The Sox eked out the win against the Yankees Also a male salmon (1887) No idea Real Dead: Ba How mekly lokith Wilkyn our scheep! Com ner, my spouse,

let me ba thy cheke (1386) It means to kiss Coming from English? Most likely a nursery or onomatopoeia word Like opening the mouth, grape (kissed like your grandma does) Last known use in 1529 Reasons Unknown So Ridiculously Dead: Geldyng

I trowe he were a geldyng or a mare (1370) Only instance found Referring to the Pardoner Meaning eunuch, or a castrated Chaucer (referring to) Translates to I think he was a eunuch or a homosexual One of the strangest phrases in literature The End

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