Mass and Charge of Subatomic Particles - VDOE

Mass and Charge of Subatomic Particles - VDOE

Spring 2013 Student Performance Analysis with Instructional Guidance Chemistry Standards of Learning Presentation may be paused and resumed using the arrow keys or the mouse. 1 Mass and Charge of Subatomic Particles SOL CH.2 The student will investigate and understand that the placement

of elements on the periodic table is a function of their atomic structure. The periodic table is a tool used for the investigations of c) mass and charge characteristics of subatomic particles; 2 Mass and Charge of Subatomic Particles (CH.2c) Students need additional practice with abstract science concepts at the atomic and subatomic levels. 1. The net charge on an aluminum ion is +3 because there area) b) c)

d) 10 protons and 13 electrons in the atom 13 protons and 10 neutrons in the nucleus 10 neutrons and 13 electrons in the atom 13 protons and 10 electrons in the atom 2. An atom contains 70 protons, 70 electrons, and 99 neutrons. What is the mass number? A) B) C) D)

239 169 140 70 3 Instructional Guidance CH.2c Mass and Charge of Subatomic Particles Students need more experiential opportunities as well as models and simulations while engaging in the historical development of quantum theory. Suggested laboratory investigation from the Enhanced Scope

and Sequence Activity: Atomic Structure: Periodic Table http://www.doe.virginia.gov/testing/sol/standards_docs/science/2010/lesson_plans/chemistry/a tomic_structure_periodic_relationships/sess_CH-2defg1h.pdf 4 Instructional Guidance CH.2c Mass and Charge of Subatomic Particles Virginia Science Activities, Models, and Simulations (SAMS) http://www.doe.virginia.gov/instruction/science/resources/sams/chemistry.docx 5

Types of Chemical Bonds SOL CH.3 The student will investigate and understand how conservation of energy and matter is expressed in chemical formulas and balanced equations. Key concepts include d) bonding types; 6 Types of Chemical Bonds (CH.3d) Which of these compounds is most likely to contain a nonpolar covalent bond?

a) H2 b) SO2 c) CH4 d) CaCl2 7 Instructional Guidance CH.3d Types of Chemical Bonds Students would benefit from more opportunities to explore the nature of different chemical bond types. Making observations between ionic and covalent compounds: investigate properties and their interactions with other substances.

Enhanced Scope and Sequence Lessons: Aspirin Lab and A Crystal Lab Models and Simulations: http://www.doe.virginia.gov/instruction/science/resources/sams/index.shtml http://concord.org/stem-resources/chemical-bonds 8 Organic Chemistry SOL CH.6 The student will investigate and understand how basic chemical properties relate to organic chemistry and biochemistry. Key concepts include

a) unique properties of carbon that allow multi-carbon compounds; and b) uses in pharmaceuticals and genetics, petrochemicals, plastics, and food. 9 Organic Chemistry (CH.6a) Students need additional practice investigating attributes of organic compounds. Which formula represents a molecule with fully saturated carbon (C) atoms?

a) b) 10 c) d) Instructional Guidance CH.6 Organic Chemistry 1)

2) 3) 11 Stoichiometry SOL CH.4 The student will investigate and understand that chemical quantities are based on molar relationships. Key concepts include b) stoichiometric relationships; c) solution concentrations;

12 Stoichiometry (CH.4b) Students need additional practice with items that require the application of mathematical relationships and calculations. N2 + 3H2 2NH3 If 6 liters of hydrogen gas are used, how many liters of nitrogen gas will be needed for the above reaction at STP?

a) b) c) d) 13 2 liters 3 liters 4 liters 12 liters Solution Concentrations (CH.4c)

Students need additional practice calculating answers using significant digits. Correct answers: 16 OR 16. Technical assistance with significant digits: http://www.doe.virginia.gov/instruction/science/resources/tech_assistance_significan t_digits.pdf 14 Instructional Guidance CH.4b and CH.4c Stoichiometry and Solution Concentrations Suggested laboratory investigations using the Enhanced Scope

and Sequence Lessons: For opportunities to use stoichiometric relationships: Predicting products and writing equations http://www.doe.virginia.gov/testing/sol/standards_docs/science/2010/lesson_plans/chemistry/c hemical_formulas_reactions/sess_CH-3b1abc.pdf Moles Lab Activities http://www.doe.virginia.gov/testing/sol/standards_docs/science/2010/lesson_plans/chemistry/ molar_relationships/sess_CH-4abcd1abcg.pdf For opportunities to use solutions and perform calculations of solution concentrations: Solution Concentrations

http://www.doe.virginia.gov/testing/sol/standards_docs/science/2010/lesson_plans/che mistry/molar_relationships/sess_CH-4c1bfgh2h3abd.pdf 15 Practice Items This concludes the student performance information for the spring 2013 Chemistry SOL test. Additionally, test preparation practice items for Chemistry can be found on the Virginia Department of Education Web site at: http://www.doe.virginia.gov/testing/sol/practice_ite

ms/index.shtml#science 16 Contact Information For questions regarding assessment, please contact [email protected] For questions regarding instruction, please contact [email protected] 17

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