Mapping It Out - California State University, Northridge
Mapping It Out using geography to identify and analyze public health disparities Steve Graves Four Main Points Geography is a discipline, not a subject. GIS is a tool that offers you the means to answer questions that you otherwise could
not answer. Geographers have useful statistical techniques. Cartography is a language that communicates your findings effectively. Geography Geography is a discipline Our subject is anything that can be mapped.
Somewhat unique epistemology We ask where? when we want to answer why? Somewhat unique methodological tool box
Spatial stats, spatial analysis Geographic information systems, unique analysis Complex, multivariate analysis is common Tests for spatial autocorrelation - overlooked Powerful communicative media the map. Health and Medical Geography
Topics in Geography 486
Human Ecology of Disease Landscape Epidemiology Development and Human Health Biometeorology Pollution Disease Diffusion Health Care Delivery Systems
Health Care Resource Distribution Health Service Planning John Snows Cholera Map Medical Geography has a long history.
GIS capabilities A GIS can layer many types of spatial data Points, polygons, lines The GIS has analysis functions that allow researchers to analyze data at different spatial scales and obtained in different formats Many statistical transformations, some of which are unique to spatial datalike spatial
autocorrelation. Some simple techniques, like layering, helps researchers and students make predictive models of disease or health threats. Predictive Modeling of Loa loa African Eye worm.
The environmental conditions associated with diagnosed cases of Loa Loa are used to identify locations with similar environmental conditions for the
disease exist. Lead Poisoning Risk Map Philadelphia This analysis allows health officials to efficiently allocate
resources for mitigation, prevention and education. Map Layering Example The location where malarial mosquitoes can be predicted by collecting and layering maps showing known causal variables.
Low lying, stagnant water bodies Vegetation types and shade cover Soil types Elevation Population density, etc. Multilayer Mapping: Mosquito Vectored Disease Topography and Water
Digital Elevation Models, Soil and Vegetation + +
Mosquito Habitat Map Could be used to disburse much needed medicine or mosquito nets. Maps show (in blue) locations where risk is
greatest. Maps: Great Communicators! Graphic representations of data frequently more powerful than numeric or textual representations. Maps seem authoritative to policy makers and stake holders. See following images..
My map Public Opinion on Public Health Care Cartogram of Population Red State Blue State Cartogram
Note how this map represents election results much differently? Is America polarized or are we centrists? And finally Maps can also be entertaining, especially
when they are interactive (not in this presentation), even while they are informative. The following map shows access to McDonalds restaurants nationwide. Fast food nation indeed Access to McDonalds
Geography, Culture, Behavorial and Social Sciences. Government and Citizenship. Economics, Science. Technology and Society. ... However, it covers world, US, and Texas history, and 48% is less than half of the exam grade! Domain II US History: Competency 006
Mingsian R. Bai, Jeong-Guan Ih and Jacob Benesty. c 2013 John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd. Published 2013 by John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd. Acoustic Array Systems: Theory, Implementation and Application, First Edition. Mingsian R. Bai, Jeong-Guan...
Precipitation + Stream Flow = Water Use + Evaporation + Transpiration + Stream Flow Out + Change in Storage (Groundwater & Surface Water) Current progress. Material left to finish. Purpose. The purpose of this project is to identify watersheds that...