NTS 523 Pastoral Epistles Class XIV: 2 Tim 4:9-22 & Conclusion Dr. Esa Autero 2 Tim 4:9-22 & Conclusion At my first defense no one supported me, but all deserted me; may it not be counted against them. 17 But the Lord stood with me and strengthened me, so that through me the proclamation might be fully accomplished, and that all the Gentiles might hear; and I was rescued out of the lions mouth. 18 The Lord will rescue me from every evil deed, and will bring me safely to His heavenly kingdom; to Him be the glory forever and ever. Amen. (2Tim4:16-18) 16 , 17 ,
, . 18 , . (2 Tim. 3:16-17)) 16 2 Tim 4:9-22 & Conclusion 1.1 Introduction to 2 Timothy 4:9-22 Any specific topics that catch your attention in 2 Tim 4:9-22? Any specific sections that have been used for Doctrinal formulations? Practical considerations in church or society? Any questions/comments arising
from the assigned readings? 2 Tim 4:9-22 & Conclusion 1.2 Structure and Rhetoric of 2 Timothy 4:9-22 Travel plans & personal concerns (4:9-18) Instructions to Timothy (4:9-15) Gods faithfulness (4:16-18) Closing and final greetings (4:19-22) Paul at the end of his journey for the sake of the gospel Many abandoned some with him Without formal defense, minimal support, abandoned Missing Timothy Gods faithfulness stands Emotional pathos-filled style & rhetoric due to Pauls circumstances
2 Tim 4:9-22 & Conclusion Pauls personal concerns (4:9-15) Timothy every effort to come to me (4:9) Paul misses Timothy repeated x4 (vv. 11, 13, 21) Many had deserted Paul (cf. 1:15) Demas loved this age (Col 4:12; Phlm 24) Crescens to Galatia Titus to Dalmatia (cf. Tit 3:12; Rom 15:19) Alexander the coppersmith much harm Practical, relational
or spiritual desertion? Pauls companions still w/ Paul or coming to him Luke (Col 4:16; Lk-Acts) Mark same as John Mark (Acts 13-14; 1 Pet 5:13) Tychicus Paul sent to Ephesus letter carrier? replace Timothy?* See also other coworkers in vv. 19-21 2 Tim 4:9-22 & Conclusion Timothy to bring Cloak from Troas for the upcoming winder Books (ta biblia) scrolls [of Scripture?] Parchments (tas membranas) paper made of sheepskins; made into a codex Pauls personal notes or copies of his letters could mean: two kinds of
books (Scripture & notes) or books, that is parchments (Scripture or notes) Alexander the coppersmith much harm Same Alexander as in 1 Tim 1:20? Alexander in Acts 19:33? Opposed the gospel and did great harm Lord will repay Specifics elude 2 Tim 4:9-22 & Conclusion First hearing no formal defense Everyone abandoned Paul not to be accounted against them (Lk 23:3) 2nd hearing in process earlier hearing had 2yr. delay (Acts 24:1, 23, 27)) Lord stood by in contrast to others and was faithful
Lord strengthened & rescued will remain faithful to the end Lions mouth literal or metaphorical (Ps 7):2; 22:19-22; 35:17); Dan 6:2027); 1 Macc 2:60; 4 Macc 18:13)* Full proclamation reference to gospel witness before emperor/rulers Rescue from every evil deed bring to kingdom Pauls unwavering trust in the Lord despite hardships & abandonment 2 Tim 4:9-22 & Conclusion Closing greetings (4:19-22)
Prisca and Aquila Pauls coworkers (Acts 18:18; 1 Cor 16:19; Rom 16:3-4) Household of Onesiphorus (1:15-18) Erastus Corinthian city treasurer [aedile] (Rom 16:23; Acts 19:22) Trophimus accompanied Paul to Jerusalem (Acts 20:1-6; 21:29) Eubulus presbyter in Achaea[?] (Acts of Paul 8.1.1; 1 Cor 16:15-18) Pudens son of a Senator (Gloer & Stepp, 27)9) Linus overseer/bishop in Rome after Peter[?] (Haer. 3.3.3) Claudia a slave of the emperors household (Gloer & Stepp, 27)9) Final greeting to all brethren Lord be with you grace 2 Tim 4:9-22 & Conclusion
Theological and practical review of Pastoral Epistles 1) Describe the specific context & circumstances of 1 Tim, 2 Tim & Titus? How does the situation-specific context of the letters influence how we apply them today? Give a specific example where a text cannot be applied directly to present-day circumstances. 2) What do PEs teach about salvation? What is the role of God, Christ, Spirit, and humans in salvation? What is the role of apostasy and Gods faithfulness in PEs? 2 Tim 4:9-22 & Conclusion 3) What do PEs teach about the qualities and character of Church leaders & ordinary Christians What are the implications to organizing churchs teaching and other
ministries today? 4) What kind of church structure emerges from PE? What is the relationship between elders and overseers? What is the relationship between elders/overseer to Timothy & Titus? What is the relationship of elders and overseers to Apostles, prophets, pastors, and teachers (Eph 4:11)? Where does modern day pastor fit in all this? 5) Paul uses various rhetorical conventions in PEs What rhetorical techniques does Paul use in PEs and for what purpose? What is the significance of Pauls frequent use of Hellenistic terminology (e.g. eusebeia, epiphaneia etc.) in PEs for teaching and communicating the gospel?
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