Jane Schaffer Writing Strategy How to Write an Effective Paragraph Created by Hollie Gustke The Prompt Before writing anything, know your assignment READ THE PROMPT! What are you being asked to do? Response-to-Literature Writing= writing that discusses what is of
value in a work of literature. Literary Response requires a careful, critical look at the reading. Get Ready to Color Your World! How to Write an Effective Paragraph Materials: When we write, we will use blue, red, and green pens.
BLUE is for Topic Sentences (TS) and Concluding Sentences (CS). RED is for Concrete Details (CD). GREEN is for Commentary Sentences (CM). Step 1: TOPIC SENTENCE A Topic Sentence (TS) is the top bun of a hamburger. TS = first sentence of the paragraph.
It shows the main idea. Usually a mildly controversial statement--something that you have to prove. It can be as brief as 3 words! Example Topic Sentence (TS) 1) In the fairy tale The Three Little Pigs, the third pig is very wise.
Step 2: CONCRETE DETAILS Concrete Details (CD) are the meat of the hamburger. CDs = Support for your TS. (facts, quotes, examples, etc. from text) CDs cant be argued witha CD is evidence that supports your point!
Example Concrete Detail (CD) 2) For example, remembering his mothers warning about a wolf, he builds his house out of sturdy brick. Step 3: COMMENTARY Commentary Sentences (CM) are the extras on the hamburgerthe
tomato, cheese, lettuce, mayothey make it delicious! CMs = your analysis, interpretation, explanation, or insight into the text. How to Add Commentary Because of this./Due to this./As a result of this. This data/this survey/these statistics + demonstrate(s)/show(s)/illustrate(s)/support(s)/explain(s)/clarify(clari
fies) the notion/the argument/the supposition/the theory/the claim/the fact that.... OR + that/how. This example demonstrates/shows/illustrates/supports/explains/clarifies + the notion/the argument/the supposition/the theory/the fact that.... (OR + that/how.) Johnson's claim/opinion/theory/experience explains/demonstrates/shows/provides an example of/illustrates+ the notion/the argument/the supposition/the theory/the fact that.... OR+that/how. This story/anecdote _________ clearly illustrates the situation.
(describe the situation by referring to key words from topic sentence) This story/data/example shows/(describes/demonstrates that...... Example Commentary Sentences (2 CMs) 3) Because of the pigs intelligent choice, the wolf is unable to blow down the brick house. 4) This shows that the third pig is smarter than his brothers, who were both eaten
by the wolf. Step 4: CONCLUDING SENTENCE A concluding sentence (CS) is the bottom bun of the hamburger. A CS wraps up the paragraph. It rephrases the main idea.
Example Concluding Sentence (CS) 5) In conclusion, the third pig outsmarts not only his brothers, but the big, bad wolf as well. TS, CD, CM, CSNow What? CHUNKING A combination of CDs and CMs
is called a chunk. For a literary response, we will use a combination (or ratio) of 1:2. That is, for every 1 CD, you will have 2 CMs. One Chunk: 1 CD + 2 CM For example, remembering his mothers warning about a wolf, he builds his house out of sturdy brick. The wolf is unable to blow down the
brick house. This shows that the third pig is smarter than his brothers, who were both eaten by the wolf. Ratio = 1:2 Transitions A good paragraph will also use transition words. These are words or phrases that help readers connect your ideas. Example transitions: For example,
For instance, Consequently, Thus, In summary, Because of this, As a result, Hence,
Therefore, Does It Flow? Now you know how to write a one- chunk paragraph LETS EAT! Step 6: A Whole Paragraph In the fairy tale The Three Little Pigs, the third pig is very wise. For example,
remembering his mothers warning about a wolf, he builds his house out of sturdy brick. The wolf is unable to blow down the brick house. This shows that the third pig is smarter than his brothers, who were both eaten by the wolf. In conclusion, the third pig outsmarts not only his brothers but the big, bad wolf as well. Activity: Choose the fairy tale of your
choice and write a paragraph similar to the one shown in the example. Use the three colors indicated, following the format described.
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