Introduction to Measurement Developing Standard and Metric Measuring Skills Why Learn to Measure? Valuable skill for a job Valuable skill for hobbies Valuable skill for every day life Measurement Systems Two types of measurement systems exist. Standard (Customary) - Metric (SI or International System)
Standard (Customary) System Inches Fractions The Whole Inch First Half Second Half 1 3 5 7 /8 /8
/8 /8 2 4 8 /16 1 /16 3 /16
5 7 /16 9 /16 /16 11 /16
13 15 /16 16 Steps in Using the Standard (Customary) System 1. Find out how many parts the inches are divided into. Count the spaces in 1 inch. This number will be the denominator. 2. Count the number of whole inches.
Write down the number. 3. Count the number of spaces after the last whole inch. This number will be the numerator. 4. Reduce fraction, if necessary. Lets Review 1 Count Step Whole 2 Inches 3
Find Step Numerator 7 Find Step Denominator 16 1 Reduce Fraction, Step 4 If Necessary Lets Practice What is the distance from the end of the ruler to A? What is the distance from the end of the ruler to B? What is the distance from the end of the ruler to C? What is the distance from the end of the ruler to D?
What is the distance from the end of the ruler to E? in. 15/16 in. 1 in. 2 3/8 in. 3 1/16 in. Metric System International System of Units (SI) Millimeters and Centimeters Decimals 1 mm = 0.1 cm
5 mm = 0.5 cm 10 mm = 1 cm Steps in Using the Metric (SI) System 1. Count the number of whole centimeters (cm). These are the larger lines with numbers 2. Count the number of lines after the whole number. The smaller lines are millimeters (mm). 3. Put in correct terms. Since mm are 1/10th of a cm, if you measure 7 marks after 1 cm, the measure
is 1.7 cm or 17 mm long. Lets Practice What is the distance from the end of the ruler to A? What is the distance from the end of the ruler to B? What is the distance from the end of the ruler to C? What is the distance from the end of the ruler to D? What is the distance from the end of the ruler to E? 4 mm = 0.4 cm 19 mm = 1.9 cm 37 mm = 3.7 cm 63 mm = 6.3 cm 73 mm = 7.3 cm
Converting from Standard to Metric Convert from: To: Multiply by: mile kilometer (km) 1.609347 inch millimeter (mm) 25.4 inch centimeter (cm) 2.54 foot meter (m) 0.3048 yard meter (m)
0.9144 Converting from Metric to Standard Convert from: kilometer (km) millimeter (mm) centimeter (cm) meter (m) meter (m) To: mile inch inch foot yard
Multiply by: 0.6214 0.0394 0.3937 3.281 1.094 Lets Practice You used a meter stick to measure your window for new shades. However, the shade packages list the measurements in English units. Luckily your cell phone has a calculator so that you can quickly convert your 81.3 cm by 91.4 cm
window opening to English units. What size is your window using English units? Round to the nearest inch. 81.3 x .3937 = 32 in. 91.4 x .3937 = 36 in. Therefore, the window opening is 32 in. by 36 in. Image Resources Microsoft, Inc. (2008). Clip Art. Retrieved October 7, 2008, from http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/clipart/default.aspx
FUNDOSCOPY IN PIH RETINA Mirror to the cardiovascular system of the body FUNDOSCOPY Visualization of hypertensive changes PIH Retinal changes run parallel with the severity of hypertension hence that of pre-eclampsia.
Identifying normal anatomy and/or landmarks was difficult. The endoscopic findings were complex or difficult to characterize. It was difficult to manage identified pathology (i.e., polyps that were difficult to remove, bleeding that was difficult to control). ... Northeast. 42 (36.2)
He appointed his brother Robert to this position which drew the attention of many critics. ... Martin Luther King Jr. forced Kennedy to change to way he went about civil rights. He encouraged JFK to stop his cautious tactics and...
Civilizations of Middle America ... The Mayans City-States Farming in the Rainforest Pyramids Trade Social Classes Farmers Advances Decline Aztec Lake Texcoco Teotihuacan Pyramid of the Sun Pyramid of the Moon Chinampas Conquest Aztec Empire Emperor Social Structure Huitzilopochtli Advances...
When a dominant allele coexists with a recessive allele in a heterozygote, they do not actually interact. It's in the pathway from genotype to phenotype that dominance & recessiveness. come into play
Chapter 22 Ecosystems and the Biosphere The Intertidal Zone The area that includes the beaches, tidal pools, and waves Organisms are adapted to the rise and fall of the tides Tides Tides are the cyclic rising and falling of Earth's...
Download Presentation
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!