Ingen diastitel

Ingen diastitel

Introduction In the appendix, youll find a list of the terms and acronyms used in this presentation. Concerning the documents referred to in this presentation: Unless otherwise stated, you can download the documents from www.houmollerconsulting.dk/facts-findings/. This PowerPoint presentation is animated Its recommended to run the animation when viewing the presentation. On most computers, you can start the animation by pressing F5. Now the presentation moves one step forward, when you press Page Down. It moves one step backward, when you press Page Up. 14 Nov. 2019 Copyright Houmoller Consulting 1 Liberalizing EUs electricity markets One of the things distinguishing electricity from other commodities is this: is a monopoly The transportation system Were not going to have competing electricity grids.

Historically, the consequence was that producing and selling electricity was also monopolies. In EU, we are currently on a journey Moving towards market economy for the production and sale of electricity. Identifying and regulating the remaining monopolies is a part of this journey The remaining monopolies must be identified and separated from commercial companies. Separating monopoly tasks and commercial tasks is called unbundling. Suitable regulation must be established for the monopolies. 14 Nov. 2019 Copyright Houmoller Consulting 2 Unbundling the DSOs Unbundling is the separation of monopoly tasks and commercial tasks 14 Nov. 2019

Copyright Houmoller Consulting 3 Unbundling of the DSOs 1 The electricity supply business In the European Union, the TSOs have been unbundled In most Member States, this means the TSOs have been separated from the incumbent power producer(s). However, the DSOs have not yet been unbundled For virtually all Member States, the DSOs are still embedded in organizations, which have commercial tasks. With the new power supply business, this is unsustainable Concerning the new power supply business: see the PowerPoint presentation Nodal and zonal pricing. 14 Nov. 2019 Copyright Houmoller Consulting 4

Unbundling of the DSOs 2 Consequences of the new power supply business With the new power supply business, the DSOs get a new role as neutral market facilitators. This is also noted in the European Energy Regulators White Paper # 2: The Role of the DSO https://ec.europa.eu/energy/sites/ener/files/documents/wp_acer_02_17.pdf Obviously, the DSOs cannot be neutral market facilitators, if they are embedded in commercial companies. About 20 years ago, the TSOs were unbundled This enabled the TSOs to be neutral facilitators for flexibility markets for the transmission grids, for example. The arguments promoted against unbundling of DSOs are copy-paste of the arguments used some 20 years ago against unbundling of TSOs. For the DSOs, the following slide illustrates the so-called full 14 Nov.

2019functional unbundling. Copyright Houmoller Consulting 5 Full functional unbundling of DSOs DSO Owners Commercial company Board Board Management Management Employees Employees Assets: grid, buildings, IT-systems,

Assets: buildings, IT-systems, This is similar to the unbundling of the Swedish and Norwegian TSOs. In both Sweden and Norway, the state owns the TSO. The state owns a big commercial player also. The TSOs and the commercial players are separated as illustrated. 14 Nov. 2019 Copyright Houmoller Consulting 6 Gas distribution system operators This PowerPoint presentation does not discuss EUs gas supply system (apart from this slide). However, the slide Full functional unbundling of DSOs can also be applied to the gas distribution system operators As they must unbundle also. 14 Nov. 2019

Copyright Houmoller Consulting 7 Unbundling of spot exchanges Why EUs market coupling render competition between spot exchanges meaningless 14 Nov. 2019 Copyright Houmoller Consulting 8 Unbundling of spot exchanges The grid monopoly causes a spot exchange monopoly As mentioned previously: a special feature of the electricity supply business is the monopoly transportation system. Consequently, for each hour, each zone must have one, unique spot price The unique spot price will set the day-ahead plan for the cross-border energy flow: Should the grid be used to ship energy into the zone or out from the zone? Further, the need for a common spot price necessitates

coordination of the spot exchanges settlement. However, the settlement and the spot prices are the products delivered by the spot exchanges Without delivery of different spot prices and independent settlement, competition between spot exchanges does not makes sense. The British experience illustrates competing spot exchanges must to coordinate their settlement and merge their delivery of spot prices, when we have market coupling. 14 Nov. 2019 Copyright Houmoller Consulting 9 The monopoly Hence, we arrive at this picture: Only one grid (the grid monopoly) Only one day-ahead grid congestion management system Only one spot price per hour per bidding zone Spot exchanges cannot deliver different spot prices, must have a common calculation of prices & flows and must coordinate their settlement

Competition between spot exchanges rendered meaningless For more information, see the PowerPoint presentation Europes electricity market. 14 Nov. 2019 Copyright Houmoller Consulting 10 Forced co-ordination of spot trading settlement Imagine a bidding zone has two spot exchanges S 1 and S2. First, for simplicity, for a given day, assume the zone has no exchange of energy with other zones. Further, assume all the zones buyers buy from S1. And all the zones sellers sell to S2. Now S1 must transfer the buyers money to S2 To make it possible for S2 to pay the sellers. In general, there will be a daily exchange of money between competing spot exchanges clearing houses As they seldom will have a balanced position. Hence, the spot exchanges settlement systems are just costincreasing middle layers At the bottom, you find the real settlement system.

For more information, see the PowerPoint presentation Market coupling makes real competition between spot exchanges unfeasible. 14 Nov. 2019 Copyright Houmoller Consulting 11 Good governance The stakeholders cannot vote with their feet They cannot choose between competing spot prices and competing market coupling systems. Being captive customers of the market coupling service, the stakeholders must have another type of vote. This means we must ensure fair and real influence for both nations and market players. As the spot calculation daily moves vast sums of money between nations and between market players. Note: the Single Market reduces local exchange councils to dummy influence The common spot market requires a pan-European spot calculation with a pan-European algorithm Therefore, the stakeholders can only wield meaningful influence at the European level. 14 Nov. 2019

Copyright Houmoller Consulting 12 Good governance and regulation ACER and national regulators Board National representation Democratic control: each countrys share can be determined by the Lisbon treatys voting weights, for example. Each countrys government decides who will represent the country in the board (subsidiarity principle). Pan-European spot exchange Administration 14 Nov. 2019 Spot Market Council Consumers, producers,

traders, TSOs Copyright Houmoller Consulting 13 Cost-efficient daily operation A single spot exchange for the Single Market Spot Clearing House Settlement Send spot Send trading bids information Pan-European Spot exchange: calculation of spot prices, flows and each players spot trading Send day-ahead cross-border capacity data

Market players Send trading and flow information TSOs Pan-European Spot Clearing House. Settlement of spot trading. 14 Nov. 2019 Copyright Houmoller Consulting 14 Regulating the monopoly In a positioning paper, the Nordic energy regulators call for a pan-European regulation of the market coupling monopoly https://www.nordicenergyregulators.org/2017/12/nordregs-perspec tive-on-the-development-of-competition-among-nemos/ Quotations: The responsibility of monitoring and supervising the MCO functions should be moved from National Regulatory Authorities to ACER.

NordREG encourages the Commission to use its competence to create or appoint an entity to perform monopoly functions such as managing, running and developing the MCO function. 14 Nov. 2019 Copyright Houmoller Consulting 15 The merits Good governance and regulation will enable Europe to have a spot market with transparency, cost efficiency, accountability, market surveillance and a high reliability Concerning reliability: good governance can ensure the installation of back-up procedures giving a high security against a situation, where the spot calculation crashes A high degree of protection against a European repetition of the Baltic-Nordic spot chaos 5 August 2013 And the chaos caused by the crash of EPEX Spots calculation of the spot prices & flows

for 8 June 2019 For more information, see the PowerPoint presentation Europes electricity market. 14 Nov. 2019 Copyright Houmoller Consulting 16 /MWh 80 Spot prices 114 June 2019 Crash of the spot calculation for 8 June 2019 UK 60 The Netherlands 40 Austria 20

France 0 -20 Germany -40 -60 -80 -100 -120 -140 Its recommended to run the animation when viewing the graphs 1 14 Nov. 2019 2 3

4 5 Belgium 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Dates June 2019 17 Copyright Houmoller Consulting Appendix Terminology and acronyms 14 Nov. 2019 Copyright Houmoller Consulting 18 Terminology and acronyms 1 As used in this presentation

ACER See https://www.acer.europa.eu/en/The_agency/Pages/default.aspx Bidding zone A geographical area, within which the players can trade electricity dayahead without considering grid bottlenecks. Border Means a border between two bidding zones. Hence, it need not be a border between two countries. It may be a border between two bidding zones inside a country. Coupled region A geographical area, in which you have a common IT system calculating the areas spot prices and day-ahead plans for the cross-border energy flows by using: The market players spot bids. Information on the day-ahead cross-border trading capacities. Double auction A calculation method whereby an exchanges price is set by using the exchanges supply curve and the exchanges demand curve. See the PowerPoint presentation Maximizing the economic value of market coupling and spot trading

and the PDF document The Liberalized Electricity Market. DSO Distribution System Operator. An organization operating a distribution grid (i.e. a low voltage electricity grid). Electricity Short for electrical energy. Energy flow In this document, this is short for day-ahead plan for cross-border energy flow. EPEX Spot See http://www.epexspot.com/en/. Flow Short for energy flow. 14 Nov. 2019

Copyright Houmoller Consulting 19 Terminology and acronyms 2 As used in this presentation Implicit auction The common term for market coupling and market splitting. Market coupling A day-ahead congestion management system, you can have on a border, where two electricity exchanges meet. The day-ahead plans for the cross-border energy flows are calculated using the market players spot bids and information on the day-ahead cross-border trading capacity. See the PowerPoint presentation Maximizing the economic value of market coupling and spot trading and the PDF document The Liberalized Electricity Market. For simplicity, in this presentation, the term market coupling is used for both market coupling and market splitting. Market splitting A day-ahead congestion management system, you can have on a border, where you have the same electricity exchange on both sides of the border. The day-ahead plans for the cross-border energy flows are calculated using the market players spot bids and information on the day-ahead crossborder trading capacity. See the PowerPoint presentation Maximizing the economic value of market coupling and spot trading and the PDF document The Liberalized Electricity Market. For simplicity, in this presentation, the term market coupling is used for both market coupling and market splitting. MCO Market Coupling Operator. An organization operating the market coupling for the coupled region.

14 Nov. 2019 Copyright Houmoller Consulting 20 Terminology and acronyms 3 As used in this presentation NordREG An organisation for the Nordic energy regulators. See https://www.nordicenergyregulators.org/ Spot bid A purchase bid or a sales offer submitted to a spot exchange. Spot calculation The simultaneous calculation of spot prices and energy flows. See the PowerPoint presentation Maximizing the economic value of market coupling and spot trading and the PDF document The Liberalized Electricity Market. Spot exchange In this document, a spot exchange is an electricity exchange where Electrical energy is traded day-ahead. The exchanges day-ahead prices are calculated by means of double auction. See the PowerPoint presentation Maximizing the economic value of market coupling and spot trading and the PDF document The Liberalized Electricity Market. Spot price A day-ahead price used by a spot exchange (or the spot exchanges associated clearing house) to settle the participants trading at the exchange. The spot price is calculated using double auction. See the PowerPoint presentation Maximizing the economic value of market

coupling and spot trading and the PDF document The Liberalized Electricity Market. 14 Nov. 2019 Copyright Houmoller Consulting 21 Terminology and acronyms 4 As used in this presentation TSO Transmission System Operator. In EU, each TSO has two tasks: Operate the high-voltage grid (the transmission grid) in the TSOs so-called control area. Be responsible for the security of supply in the TSOs control area. Most EU Member States have only one TSO. Hence, the TSOs control area is the whole country. However, some Member States have more than one TSO (e.g. Germany). Zone Short for bidding zone. 14 Nov. 2019 Copyright Houmoller Consulting

22 Thank you for your attention! Anders Plejdrup Houmller Houmoller Consulting ApS Tel. +45 28 11 23 00 [email protected] Web houmollerconsulting.dk 14 Nov. 2019 Copyright Houmoller Consulting 23

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