Impact of Oil and Physical Features on the Middle East

Impact of Oil and Physical Features on the Middle East

HOW DO THE PHYSICAL C H A RAC T E R I S T I C S , N AT U R A L R E S O U RC E S , A N D C L I M AT E I M PA C T W H E R E PEOPLE LIVE IN

THE MIDDLE EAST? Standards: SS7G7a. Explain how the distribution of oil has affected the development of Southwest

Asia (Middle East). SS7G7b. Describe how the deserts and rivers of Southwest Asia (Middle East) have affected the population in terms of where people live, the type of work they do, and how they travel.

IMPACT OF OIL AND PHYSICAL FEATURES ON THE MIDDLE EAST PART I: CLIMATE IN THE

MIDDLE EAST HOW DOES CLIMATE AFFECT PEOPLE IN THE EAST? Much of MIDDLE the Middle East

is desert or very dry land; therefore, most cities and people are located near water. There is little rainfall in the Middle East. Evaporation exceeds precipitation which makes the scarcity of water more serious.

There are huge stretches of desert where few people live or work. IMPACT OF CLIMATE PART II: TRANSPORTATION IN THE

MIDDLE EAST TRANSPORTATION IN THE MIDDLE EAST Getting around the Middle East is often challenging. Many means of transportation have been adapted

for different conditions. Many countries use buses. However, the extent and condition of public transportation varies by country. Turkey has a more modern bus system

TRANSPORTATION IN THE MIDDLE EAST In several countries, cars are used most frequently. In fact, countries such as Israel and Iraq have had to develop plans to deal with traffic jams and pollution from cars. Turkey and Iran have extensive road

systems and train systems that connect cities. Afghanistan has the least modernized TRANSPORTATION PART III: WATER IN

THE MIDDLE EAST WHAT IS THE LINK BETWEEN WATER AND POPULATION DENSITY? WATER IN THE MIDDLE EAST

The Middle East is mostly dry (arid) land or desert; therefore, the majority of people live near a source of water. Large cities have grown near water sources such as rivers or along the coast. Populations have grown around port cities as well because of employment

opportunities in transportation, ship building, and repair. There is little land for farming. If farming occurs, it occurs near rivers and river valleys or extensive irrigation is used. IMPACT OF WATER

PART IV: DISTRIBUTION OF OIL WHY IS OIL IMPORTANT? http://www.theatlantic.com/video/archive/2013/08/

whats-in-crude-oil-and-how-do-we-use-it/278645/ How would our lives be different if we didnt have oil? According to the image below, 99.8% of

the worlds oil comes from the Middle East. What does this mean for countries in the Middle East? What is the problem then? OIL IN THE MIDDLE EAST Oil is not distributed equally in the Middle

East. Some countries have a lot of oil and some countries very little oil. Identify a country in the Middle East that has a lot of oil. Identify a country in the Middle East that has very little oil. Is the oil concentrated in a particular area in

the Middle East? Do you THINK people would live in a place with oil even if it doesnt have the best physical features (including access to fresh water)? WHY? WHAT ARE SOME OF THE BENEFITS OF HAVING OIL?

Oil-producing countries have enjoyed

tremendous growth in national wealth and an improved standard of living. Citizens that live in these countries may have the access to quality houses, food, health care, education, jobs, transportation, communication, and luxury items. The countries have used the money to build

modern buildings, schools, factories, hospitals, etc. Also, they have been able to pave old roads and build new ones. The life expectancy in these countries has increased by over 15 years because of

OIL IN THE MIDDLE EAST The sale of oil has earned extraordinary amounts of money for oil rich countries; however, not all countries have prospered. Oil rich Iran and Iraq have suffered

from war and the mismanagement of oil money; whereas, Saudi Arabia has used money from oil to transform from a poor society to a wealthy one. Riyadh Capital of Saudi Arabia

Kuwait City Capital of Kuwait Kabul Capital of Afghanistan School in Kabul, Afghanistan HAVE

NOT VS. HAVE Dubai Kabul, Afghanistan

Yemen WHAT IS THE LINK BETWEEN OIL FIELDS OR

REFINERIE S AND POPULATIO N DENSITY? POPULATIONS ARE LARGER

NEAR OIL FIELDS OR REFINERIES. CITIES GROW IN THESE AREAS AND MORE JOBS

ARE IMPACT OF OIL Tweet All About It Write a tweet about todays lesson. Keep it short and to the point, but

include enough information to prove you understand the concept. #

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