Harvest the Wind - IPED

Harvest the Wind - IPED

This is Community Wind Lisa Daniels Executive Director of Windustry Financing Wind Power July 25, 2007 Outline About Windustry Community Wind Energy

Structure of Private/Farmer Owned Community Wind Projects Challenges for Community Development Whats Next Windustry

Increasing wind energy opportunities for rural landowners and communities. Non-profit organization based in Minneapolis, MN www.windustry.org The Windustry Newsletter Wind Easement Agreements National Community Wind Conference Wind Farmers Network Yep, they make some noise, but its the soothing sound of money being made. Louis Woodward, Texas Rancher,Landowner Prepared by Virtus Energy Research for Public Citizen and the SEED Coaltion Community Wind Energy Defined

Simple and flexible concept Any number of turbines Connected either side of the meter one or more members of the local community has a significant direct financial stake KEY: Local ownership and local benefits

Benefits of Community Wind All the benefits of large wind development, plus: Greater stimulation of local economies Increased local energy independence Delayed need for new transmission

lines Increased competition in energy markets Greater acceptance of wind power Community Wind Energy Success Stories Farmer/Local Investors Local Utilities: Municipal Utilities and Rural Electric Cooperatives

Schools Tribal Communities Community Institutions New Models for Wind Industry and Community Partnerships Moorhead Public Service Moorhead, Minnesota Two 750 kW turbines, installed in 1999 and 2001.

Public utility- used their own funds to purchase the machine. Among the highest subscription rates in the nation and one of the early successful municipal projects. Several good Iowa examples as well, including Waverly, IA. Illinois Rural Electric Cooperative Pike County, Illinois

Planning a spring 2005 ribbon cutting for a 1.65 MW turbine. Inspired by new IL wind maps that show some of the best wind in the state to be in IREC territory. Turbine will generate about 4% of IRECs power needs, close to the 5% limit in wholesale power contract. Project supported by 3 grants (USDA, IL state grant, and IL Clean Energy Foundation) IREC Engineering Manager and project leader Sean Middleton.

School Wind Projects: K-12 Wind turbines can supply schools with clean energy, new revenue, and learning opportunities. 8 school districts in Iowa have wind turbine from 50 to 750 kW Spirit Lake Schools pioneered the idea in 1993 with a 250 kW turbine, followed by a 750 kW turbine in 2003. Other school projects in MN, IL, CO, PA, VT, MA, MI, tribal communities Spirit Lake, Iowa Rosebud Sioux Tribe Rosebud, South Dakota

Dedicated a 750 kW turbine in May 2003. Helped by DOE Tribal grant program and USDA RUS loan. Breaking Trail First step for the ambitious wind power goals of Great Plains tribes. Project leaders Pat Spears and Bob Gough Photo courtesy of Intertribal COUP Lamar, Colorado

Local project piggybacked on large wind project. Four 1.5 MW GE turbines less than 25 miles from CO Green, a 162 MW project in Lamar Municipal Utilities (Lamar Light & Power and Arkansas River Power Authority) timed their project to coincide with Colorado Green. Coordinated with CO Green to lower development, construction and maintenance costs.

Minwind Energy Rock County, Minnesota Minwind I and II: Two LLCs owned by 66 local investors. Installed 4 950 kW turbines in late 2002. Goals: local economic dev., maximize return on investment, diversify local economy

Tom Arends and Mark Willers, Presidents of Minwind I and II Minwind Energy Rock County, Minnesota Minwind III-IX: Seven more LLCs owned by local investors. Installed 7 1.65 MW

turbines in late 2004. Supported by USDA and Minnesota incentives. December 2004 Open House at new Minwind turbines. Lawyers Bankers USDA Contractors Minwind Board Elected

Officials Equipment Suppliers Investors State Energy Office Accountants Developer Accountants Minwind CEO

SMI & Hydraulics, Inc. Porter, Minnesota Photos courtesy www.smihyd.com Federal Community Wind Incentives PTC Hard to use it directly, need equity partner IRS Letter ruling CREBS

(Community Renewable Energy Bonds) USDA Farm Bill Energy Title Community Wind Incentives in Leading Midwest States Minnesota: Iowa:

Production payment for projects under 2 MW. Standard tariff and power purchase contract for wind projects under 2 MW. Iowa Energy Bank- low interest loans. Net metering- unlimited for matched loads. Successful incentives address financing issues, provide access to capital, and/or strengthen the market for community wind. More policy in 200520062007

New Community Wind Incentives in Minnesota and Iowa (2005 & 2006) Minnesota: Community-Based Wind Energy Development (C-BED Tariff) MN utilities required to establish a C-BED tariff based on the net present value of the energy. Provides a long-term stable incentive for community wind projects.

Iowa: Tax Credit for Small Renewable Energy Projects(and expanded in 06) For projects up to 2.5 MW owned by an Iowa resident, a farm operation or an electric cooperative. Provides 1.5 per kilowatt-hour for 10 years for wind. Available for up to 90 MW of wind starting in July 06. New Community Wind Incentives in Minnesota and Nebraska (2007) Minnesota: Community-Based Wind

Energy Development (C-BED Tariff) Refined No cap on the PPA rate New Legislation for Nebraska C-BED What do Community Projects Need?

Access to equipment New and innovative ownership models Low cost financing Incentives that level the playing field Market for energy Pathway to market Project Cost Escalation

Construction and equipment costs up 30-40% in last 2 years Booming industry Turbines and towers, construction teams and expertise are scarce Rise of price for copper, steel and other materials

Higher transportation costs Warranty contracts Factors Driving the Market MN - Political pressure on utilities IA Incentives helping community projects compete with large wind projects and other resources

Renewable Energy Objective (not a mandate) 800 MW goal of community projects from Governors office State Renewable Energy PTC Low cost financing Project owns Green Tags General

Regulatory compliance (RES, REO, RPS, etc) Utilities beginning to see wind as stable long term energy resource and a good investment Maturing of wind industry Familiarity with technology and industry players New Transmission and Wind Resource Maps = New Planning Approach Find maps and study report at: www.windustry.org/dg Study performed by CapX 2020 Utilities Policy Opportunities

Energy topics are hot at both the state and federal level Now is the time to open dialogue with elected officials Next Steps: New Legislation One Example: US Senator Ken Salazar (CO) introduced s672 Tax Exempt Bonds for Community Renewables

Letters of Support to Congress to urge: Addressed to Members of : Support of S.672 Consider sponsoring it as well Senate Finance Committee House Ways & Means Committee

On your own letterhead cc: : your own Senator and Salazar More info (www.refcoalition.com) Today

Wind energy is a huge business opportunity With increasing constraints on regional transmission systems Requires new thinking for bringing about a new clean energy system Engaging local support is critical to almost every aspect of this business Community wind has a vital role. Contact Windustry 2105 First Avenue South Minneapolis, Minnesota 55105 (800) 946-3640 Lisas phone (612) 870-3462 fax (612) 813-5612

Lisas e-mail [email protected] toll free www.windustry.org

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