Gary Sue Goodman - University of California, Davis

Gary Sue Goodman - University of California, Davis

Writing Workshop for ECS 15 Melissa Bender WAC Consultant University Writing Program [email protected] Term paper components

Prospectus (1-2 pages) Progress Report (2-3 pages) Draft (2 + pages) Revised Paper (9+ pages) Analyze the assignment Highlight the assignment Note stages & requirements

The better you complete each stage, the more useful feedback you will get. Writing process: draft & revision Draft = explore & discover Re-vision = evaluate & make changes at the global level

Editing = make local changes Proofreading = make micro-local changes (checking for errror) Turn off the inner critic (temporarily) Take risks Focus on developing ideas

Dont interrupt thinking to edit Use writing as tool for inquiry Requirements Select a topic on the use of computers that relates to your major or a field that interests you. Write a 2500 word term paper.

Narrowing the field of possibility What are the parameters? A limited amount of research Authority derived from your own experience/education A limited amount of words (2500)

Three topic development stages Interest Area Focus Area Research question Interest area: computers in education

Focus by discipline Interest area: computers in education Focus by discipline Focus by students, e.g. K-12 or college Focus by potential teaching

techniques Focus on specific effects Interest area: computer crime Interest area: computer crime Focus by specific crimes, e.g. identity theft, damage to software

(viruses, worms, hacking) Focus by perpetrator of the crime Focus by motivations for crime Focus on specific techniques Interest area: computers and business

Interest area: computers and business Focus by type of business, e.g., banks, retail, large corporations, e-commerce Focus by functions Develop a research question

Topic Area: Computers and education Focus Area: University level Research Question: How have computer-aided classrooms changed the student/instructor relationship?

Focusing exercise Pair up with someone in class. Explain a topic that interests you and why (2 minutes) Write 3-5 questions that interest you about this topic. Try to state them as how or why questions Pick one and write 3 sub-questions

(5 minutes) In pairs, explain the focused topic (2 minutes) Required components Intro: explains the problem or question Describe the topic: present research results in detail

Discussion or analysis Answer the analytic question you posed Conclusion: summarize main points & maybe go beyond: explain significance Research process Look for recent academic articles (more recent research than books)

Look for a review of the literature: synthesis of findings on a topic Assess the validity of sources Base all opinions on valid research as evidence Research help Computer Science Research database

Phoebe Ayers, Computer Science subject librarian at the PSE Library: [email protected] Integrating material from sources When to quote? Infrequently

Only when exact words are necessary to your argument If you quote, make it as brief as possible References Cite sources in text in APA format Bibliography or Works Cited

TIPS: Keep track of sources as you research and write Distinguish quotes from paraphrases in your notes and drafts

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