Future Photon Initiative

Future Photon Initiative

Agenda 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. Introduction Figer 12:00-12:15 One-slide Summaries All 12:15-1:00 New Hires and New Headquarters Figer FPI Funding Profile Bond ERC Hubbard REU

Rommel Quantum Computing Opportunity Preble Starshot Figer Realization and CommercializationMurthy/DeMartino FPI Branding Meader FPI Web Site Figer Communications Finnerty Government Relations Smith Development Butkas Breakouts All 2:00-3:00 Breakout Presentations All 3:00-3:30 Synthesis All 3:30-4:00 Introduction Questions for This Meeting 1.

Are the World Maps complete? 2. What should our goals be? 3. Who will lead the ERC proposal? 4. What is the FPI communications plan? 5. Which companies should FPI pursue for the Industrial Affiliate Program? 6. Who should FPI have on the External Board of Advisors? 7. What state-level funding mechanisms should FPI pursue? Future Photon Initiative

FPI will develop advanced photonics and apply them to solve the most pressing problems in the world. FPI R&D Areas Integrated Photonics Scaled Electronics Photovoltaics Detectors FPI Grand Challenge Questions Are we alone in the Universe? Would it be possible to meet aliens?

How does the human brain develop? Can we go to Mars without getting cancer? Can we improve outcomes for breast cancer survivors? Can we see in the dark and through obstructions to ensure national security? What is the nature of dark energy and dark matter? Is it possible to build ultra-high speed fully secure global computer networks? FPI Personnel FPI is led by 21 professors in five colleges and

has ~70 personnel in total, including students. 21 Principals of the FPI Mishkat Bhattacharya Parsian Mohseni Richard DeMartino Raj Murthy Don Figer Zoran Ninkov Ed Hach Rob Pearson Karl Hirschman Stefan Preble Seth Hubbard Roger Remington Bruce Smith Sean Rommel

Santosh Kurinec Michael Zemcov Zhaolin Lu Jing Zhang Drew Maywar Ben Zwickl Bruce Meader FPI Sub-Units Center for Detectors Integrated Photonics Group NanoPower Research Labs Nanolithography Research Lab Semiconductor & Microsystems Fabrication Laboratory Novel Material Photonics Group Photonic Systems Laboratory Laboratory for Advanced Instrumentation Research Semiconductor Photonics and Electronics Group Photonics and Optics Workforce Education Research Project Simone Center for Innovation and Entrepreneurship Vignelli Center for Design Studies FPI Endorsements NASA, Advanced Concepts, JWST, Intel

WFIRST NASA, Lead for AIM Photonics Nikon Research of America, President Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland Harris, Chief Technologist Air Force Research Lab, Rome Optimax, CEO Army Research Lab, Lead for AIM Raytheon Vision Systems Photonics IMEC, President and CEO Veeco SPIE MicroLink Devices University College London Cost Share Commitments College of Science

A faculty line in support of Future Photon Initiative (year 2) $10,000 in travel support Three course releases in support of Future Photon Initiative Kate Gleason College of Engineering $150,000 for cost share match for Jing Zhang equipment proposal A faculty line in support of Future Photon Initiative (Parsian Mohseni) Three course releases in support of Future Photon Initiative College of Applied Science and Technology One course release (years 1 and 2 only) $2,000 cash (years 1 and 2 only) FPI World Maps The Photon Institute World Map: Research Exerptise Astronomy Theory Zemcov Devices Figer Instruments

Systems Data Comm Preble Maywar Lu Preble Maywar Lu Zemcov Ninkov Figer Preble Maywar Zemcov Figer Preble Maywar Lu Displays Energy Hirschman Hubbard Zhang Zhang

Hirschman Hubbard Zhang Zhang Quantum Comm Preble Bhattacharya Hach Biophot Electronics Man. Preble Smith Preble Preble Smith Zhang Hirschman Smith Preble Smith The Photon Institute World Map: Customers

Theory Astronomy Data Comm Displays Energy NSF NSF DoD DARPA DoD DoE NSF NREL DoD DoE DoE DoD DARPA AFRL

NSF NIH/NIBIB DARPA SEMATECHIMEC Chip Makers Veeco FirstSolar Spectrolab Veeco idQuantiq ue MagiQ NIH/NIBIB KLA ASML Veeco Corning Utilities Lockheed DoD idQuantiq ue MagiQ

NIH/NIBIB Orthoclinical Bausch Lomb ASML Nikon NSF DoD DARPA NASA NSF Instruments NSF DoD Keysight NSF DoD Observatories DARPA Systems NSF NASA Cisco Finisar Intel Manufacturing Global Foundries Devices

Apps NASA NSF Google Quantum Comm NSF ONR AROSR AFRL Biophot NIH/NIBIB Electronics Man. DARPA SEMATECH SRC IMEC Chip Makers Samsung Finance DoD FPI World Maps: Research Expertise

The Photon Institute World Map: Research Exerptise Astronomy Theory Zemcov Devices Figer Data Comm Preble Maywar Lu Preble Maywar Lu Instruments Zemcov Ninkov Figer Preble Maywar Systems Zemcov Figer

Preble Maywar Lu Displays Energy Quantum Comm Preble Hirschman Hubbard Bhattacharya Zhang Zhang Hach Hirschman Hubbard Zhang Zhang Preble Biophot Electronics Man. Preble Smith Preble

Smith Zhang Hirschman Smith Preble Smith FPI World Maps: Customers The Photon Institute World Map: Customers Theory Astronomy Data Comm Displays Energy NSF NSF DoD DARPA DoD DoE

NSF NREL DoD DoE DoE DoD DARPA AFRL NSF NIH/NIBIB DARPA SEMATECHIMEC Chip Makers Veeco FirstSolar Spectrolab Veeco idQuantique MagiQ NIH/NIBIB

KLA ASML Veeco Corning Utilities Lockheed DoD idQuantique MagiQ NIH/NIBIB Orthoclinical Bausch Lomb ASML Nikon NSF DoD Devices DARPA NASA NSF Instruments NSF DoD Keysight NSF

DoD Observatories DARPA Systems NSF NASA Cisco Finisar Intel Manufacturing Global Foundries NASA NSF Apps Google Quantum Comm NSF ONR AROSR AFRL Biophot NIH/NIBIB Electronics Man. DARPA SEMATECH SRC

IMEC Chip Makers Samsung Finance DoD New Personnel Assistant Director: 2380BR Executive Assistant: 2381BR Industrial Affiliate Program FPI will have an industrial affiliate program. The program benefits companies by giving them access to AIM, research, students. External Board of Advisors FPI will have a board of advisors.

The people on the board could represent a mixture of technical expertise, prior accomplishment, business savvy, depth of political connections, international networks, and/or funding conduits. Please recommend who you would nominate for the board. Conferences FPI will have a conference booth. The booth will be at Photonics West every year. We should have a booth at Frontiers in Optics (at least in 2016). One-slide Summaries One-Slide Summary 1. Status: What is the state of your research

program (# people, students, funding)? 2. Directions: In what directions will your research go in 5 years? 3. Desired RIT Collaborators: With whom at RIT will you collaborate? 4. Needs: What do you need? 5. Desired Industry Collaborators: With what companies do you want to collaborate? One-Slide Summary: NanoPower Research Laboratories (NPPRL) Founded in 2001 by current VPR, Dr. Ryne Raffaelle Dr. Hubbard appointed Director in Oct. 2015

Multidisciplinary consortium of 4 RIT faculty 10 staff and ~30 Grads & Undergrads Research space spans 6 labs with over 10,000 sq. feet Photovoltaic fabrication and characterization III-V Materials Synthesis Materials and Device characterization Battery testing CNT production D o llar s ($ - in M illio n s) One-Slide Summary: NPRL Today NPRL Research funding (2010-2016) 4.48% 7.46% Federal NPRL Sponsored Research 15 $4.0

Fed PassThru 43.28% $3.0 State Corporate $Awards 9 8 12 7 $1.0 4 $- 0 CIA; 9.38% DOE; 6.25% NASA; 20.31% NSF; 7.81%

9 8 RIT Fiscal Year DOD; 56.25% 16 $2.0 44.78% Federal Funding Sources (major Grants) 14 12 One-Slide Summary: NPRL Strategic Alliances Current Federal Sponsors Collaborators BAE

Dept. of Energy Lockheed Martin A123 National Reconnaissance Office Spectrolab Emcore Air Force Research Lab CFD Research Corporation Univ. of Toledo National Science Foundation FireFly Technologies, Inc Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Microlink Devices SUNY Polytechnic Nanocomp Technologies University of California/ UCLA

Tyco Electronics Stanford University US Army Research Laboratory Naval Research Labs Office of Naval Research NASA Quallion One-Slide Summary: NPRL Capabilities Solar and Devices III-V Materials Spectroscopy 300mm Class A 2-Zone Solar Simulator High sensitivity EQE Synopsis modeling for solar devices Horiba MicOS PL mapping Deep Level Spectroscopy EL imaging

Photoreflectance Batteries and Wires Aixtron 3x2 CCS MOVPE LayTec EpiCurveTT SMFL Solar Cell Fabrication line CNT Synthesis Purification Inert Atmosphere Glove Boxes Arbin BT2000 Conventional wet chemistry for organic and inorganic processes Alexandrite Laser Reactor Nd-YAG Laser Reactors

One-Slide Summary: Seth Hubbard Status, Personnel, Funding Directions Preble, Figer: III/V on Si materials for integrated silicon photonics Mohseni: Nanowire for solar Zemcov: long life power for deep space missions Other collaborations: III-V materials for opto or electronic devices Needs

Epitaxial Crystal Growth by Metalorganic Vapor Phase Epitaxy (MOVPE) Low cost approaches to high efficiency III-V epitaxy Sb-based materials for multijunction solar cells Space PV and Radiation Hardening using QD and QW Intermediate band effects in As, P and Sb based QD solar cells Light management and photonic light trapping applied to nanostructures solar cells Desired RIT Collaborators New materials and structures for conversion of light to electricity Expertise in III-V materials, photovoltaic devices and vapor phase epitaxy 5 PhD student, 2-3 postdocs, ~$0.5-1 M/yr (NSF/NASA/DoE/DoD) ~$1M/yr Desired Industry Collaborators SolAero, Boeing Spectalab, Microlink Devices Small business working on novel concepts for space or terrestrial III-V PV Larger aerospace companies (Lockheed) for space based power systems

One-Slide Summary: Mohseni Status Starting Phase: Lab setup, student training, proof-of-concept Personnel: 2 Ph.D., 1 M.Sc., 1 B.S. Funding: Startup funds and internal grants Directions Flexible PV/OE via III-V on 2-D nano-hybrid systems Coaxial GaAsP/GaP/GaN Nanowire LEDs Epitaxially Integrated GaSb/InAs NWs on Si for PV and IR detection Si and III-V MacEtch nanofabrication Desired RIT Collaborators Hubbard on crystal growth, PV, characterization Zhang on multispectral LEDs Rommel on integrated GaSb/InAs systems

Needs ~$250k/yr Desired Industry Collaborators IMEC, Raytheon, SanDisk, First Solar, SunPower One-Slide Summary: Center for Detectors (CfD) Status, Personnel, Funding Figer, Ninkov, Zemcov, Preble, Mohseni, Zhang Directions

design/develop 4Kx4K MCT/Si detectors develop single-photon optical detectors develop integrated sensor systems on a wafer (Starshot?) determine massive star content in the Local Group of galaxies develop integrated silicon photonics develop outer-solar system sensing platforms develop nanowire sensors develop wide-band gap materials/devices develop THz and polarization sensing detectors Desired RIT Collaborators see individual slides Needs ~$3M/yr Desired Industry Collaborators see individual slides One-Slide Summary: Figer Status, Personnel, Funding

advancing MCT/SI, single-photon counting detectors half dozen staff/students, ~$1-1.5M/yr (NSF/NASA) Directions design/develop 4Kx4K MCT/Si detectors develop single-photon optical detectors develop integrated sensor systems on a wafer (Starshot?) determine massive star content in the Local Group of galaxies Desired RIT Collaborators Preble, Hubbard on single photon integrated silicon photonics Zemcov on detectors and instruments for astronomy Needs ~$2M/yr

Desired Industry Collaborators Raytheon new company to commercialize single-photon optical detectors One-Slide Summary: Zemcov Status: 1. Started at RIT in Aug 2015. Involved in a variety of NASA and NSF projects to study large scale structure and history of the universe. Currently employing ~6 undergrads and ~2 graduate students; hope to hire postdocs in the near future. 2. 3. 4.

5. Directions: Working on a variety of ground-based, sub-orbital and orbital experiments. Interested in deploying CMOS devices for astronomy; astrophysics from the outer solar system; niche cosmological and physics experiments requiring bespoke instrumentation. Desired RIT Collaborators: Working with Hubbard and Puchades on power systems for outer solar system SmallSats. Collaborating with Figer on single-photon CMOS devices. Possible collaboration with Bhattacharya (Preble?) on Quantum Telescopes. Needs: A postdoc or two. Additional laboratory space. More proactive assistance from RIT in proposal preparation. Desired Industry Collaborators: With what companies do you want to collaborate? Would like to submit an SBIR for advanced space-borne cryogenic optics for the near-IR. Talking with Peregrine Corporation, but progress is slow. One-Slide Summary: Ninkov One-Slide Summary: Preble Status: 1. Postdoc (Dr. Paul Thomas), 3 Ph.D. Students (Mike Fanto, Jeff Steidle, Zihao

Wang) Funding : NSF (Integrated Quantum Photonics & III-V Quantum Dot Lasers) AFRL (UV Integrated Quantum Photonics) AIM Photonics (Packaging fiber attachment, Education, Laser integration) Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation (Protein sensing) Co-PI Jiandi Wan Directions: 2. Quantum Computing, Communication and Sensing Photonics Packaging Integrated photonics education Desired RIT Collaborators: With whom at RIT will you collaborate? 3.

4. - Quantum: Figer, Hubbard, Maywar, Hach, Bhattacharya III-Vs, III-Ns - Hubbard, Mohseni, Zhang Packaging: Maywar, Ramkumar, Anselm, Lu Education: Pearson, Ewbank, Maywar, Ramkumar, Anselm, Zwickl, Hach, Bhattacharya Needs: What do you need? SMFL upgrades (equipment AIM, MRIs, DURIPs, NYS) One-Slide Summary: Zwickl 1. Status: Collab with Prof. Kelly Martin in Communication 2 postdocs in physics (education research) 2 MS students in communication 4 undergrads in physics $1,050,000 over 2015-2020. 2. Directions: Study career pathways in photonics, and other STEM fields. Bridging workforce development (including AIM) with education research on undergrad learning. 3. Desired RIT Collaborators: Faculty interested in program or curriculum development in photonics/optics. Faculty who advise grad students in photonics.

4. Needs: Visibility for research group. Support for possible photonics outreach efforts (e.g., RIT K12 summer class) 5. Desired Industry Collaborators: Broad (but shallow) connections across Rochester region and in integrated photonics. We collect data about workplace skills and knowledge. One-Slide Summary: Zhaolin Lu Status, Personnel, Funding Field-Effect Optical Modulators, Wafer-Level Electronic-Photonic Co-Packaging Six students (two PhD students), one visiting scholar, ~$200k/yr (NSF/Army/Air Force) Directions

Nanoscale electro-absorption modulators Nanoscale plasmonic waveguides Efficient fiber-to-waveguide coupling Novel 3D chip-to-chip coupling Novel 2D semiconductor photonic devices Desired RIT Collaborators Preble, Zhang on integrated photonics Zemcov on detectors and instruments for astronomy Needs ~$500k/yr Desired Industry Collaborators Intel, IBM, PSI (STTR project) new company to commercialize fiber-to-waveguide links One-Slide Summary: Kurinec Status, Personnel, Funding

Photovoltaics: Development of passivated contacts Two Masters Students DOE Funding: $97K, Just ended. $1M/3 years sought- Made it to the final round but declined, encouraged to apply again. NSF EAGER on Ferroelectric memristors, $180K, 2 years. Directions Develop novel doping for interdigitated back contact high efficiency cells Investigate ohmic contacts to wide bandgap semiconductors Investigate ferroelectric thin films for photonic applications Desired RIT Collaborators NPRL, Stefan Preble Scott Williams, Chemistry, Jing Zhang, EME Needs ~$1M/ 3 yr

Desired Industry Collaborators Intrinsiq, Solar City, 1366 Technologies NREL One-Slide Summary: Where photons meet electronic materials, a brief historyKurinec Late Eighties: Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) funded research on light emission from silicon at FSU. Developed luminescent diodes with VBR < 10V Later light emission from porous Si was discovered. Led to collaboration with Prof. Fauchet at UR and Dr. Hirschman conducted his PhD. Made 3 color phosphor display using lithography and electrophoretic deposition (Hughes Aircraft) Discovered blue emission from Tantalum Zinc Oxide phosphor

Reflective properties of Al alloys for micro mirrors (Texas Instruments) Development of models for charge injection devices operated in time domain integration mode for CIDTEC company in Liverpool, NY. Modeled quantum efficiency of SiC UV photodetectors Copper/NiSi metallization for Si PV One-Slide Summary: Related Publications in Photo Electronic Materials/Devices

Performance Analysis of a Green Building Photovoltaic System Felipe Freire, Ricardo Dias, Thomas Trabold, Santosh Kurinec, 43 rd PVSC, Portland, 2016 Nickel Silicide Metallization for Passivated Tunneling Contacts for Silicon Solar Cells , Alexander Marshall, Karine Florent, Astha Tapriya, Benjamin Lee, Santosh K Kurinec, David L Young, 43rd PVSC, Portland, 2016 Modeling Quantum Efficiency of Ultraviolet 6H-SiC Photodiodes, Alexander Panferov and Santosh Kurinec, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. 58, no. 11, 2011, pp. 3976-3982, Article DOI: 10.1109/TED.2011.2165720. Optical, Electrical, and Structural Properties of Sputtered Aluminum Alloy Thin Films with Copper, Titanium and Chromium Additions, Lance Barron, Jason Neidrich and Santosh Kurinec, Thin Solid Films, 2006, 515, Issues 7-8, 26 February 2007, Pages 3363-3372 Electrophoretic Deposition of Monochrome and Color Phosphor Screens for Information Displays J. Talbot, Esther Sluzky and Santosh K. Kurinec, , Journal of Materials Science, 39(3), pp 771-778, February 2004 Unit Cell Indexing of Luminescent Type I Tantalum Zinc Oxide, Santosh K. Kurinec, Philip Rack, Michael Potter and Tom Blanton, Journal of Materials Research, Vol 15, No. 6, June 2000, p.1320 Negative Ion Re-sputtering in Ta2Zn3O8 Thin Films, Philip D. Rack, Michael D. Potter, Andrew Woodard and Santosh Kurinec, Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology, Vol. 17, No. 5, p. 2805-10, 1999. A New Material for Thin Film Low Voltage Blue Phosphors, R.J. Langley, G.F. Pettis, S.K. Kurinec and M.D. Potter, Journal of the Society of Information Display, Vol. 6, No. 3, p. 181-4, 1998. Luminescence Properties of Thin Film Ta2Zn3O8 and Mn Doped Ta2Zn3O8, Philip D. Rack, Michael D. Potter, Santosh Kurinec, Wounjhang Park, John Penczek, Brent K Wagner and Christopher J. Summers, Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 84, No. 8, p. 4466-70, 1998. Fabrication of Ultra High Resolution Three Color Phosphor Screens, S.K. Kurinec, E. Sluzky, Journal of the SID, 4/4, p. 1996, 1997. Porous Microcrystalline Silicon Solar Cells, S.P. Duttagupta, S.K. Kurinec, and P.M. Fauchet, Proc. Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Advances in Microcrystalline and Nanocrystalline Semiconductors, Vol. 452, p. 625, 1997. Attenuated Phase Shift Mask Materials for 248 and 193 nm Lithography, B.W. Smith, S. Butt, Z. Alam, S. Kurinec, and R.L. Lane, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 14(6), p. 3719, Nov/Dec 1996. Enhancement and Suppression of the Formation of Porous Silicon, S. P. Duttagupta, C. Peng, P. M. Fauchet, S. Kurinec, and T.N. Blanton, J. Vac. Sci. and Technology, B, Vol 13, p. 1230, May-June 1995. Micron-size and Submicron-size Light-Emitting Porous Silicon Structures, S. P. Duttagupta, P. M. Fauchet, C. Peng, S. K. Kurinec, K. Hirschman, and T.N. Blanton, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., Vol. 358, p. 647, 1995.

Carrier Transport in Porous Silicon Light-Emitting Diodes, C. Peng, P.M. Fauchet, K.D. Hirschman and S.K. Kurinec, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp Proc., Vol. 358, p. 689, 1995. Ion Implantation of Porous Silicon, C.Peng, P. M. Fauchet, J.M. Rehm, G.L. McLendon, F. Seiferth and S. K. Kurinec, Applied Phy. Lett., Vol 64, No. 10, p. 1259. March 1994. Light-Emitting Porous Silicon after Standard Microelectronic Processing, C. Peng, L. Tsybeskov, P. M. Fauchet, F. Seiferth, S. K. Kurinec, J.M. Rehm, and G.L. Mclendon, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp.Proc. Vol. 298, p.179, 1993. Can Oxidation and other Treatments Help us Understand the Nature of Light-Emitting Porous Silicon, P.M. Fauchet, E. Ettedgul, A. Raisanen, L.J. Brillson, F. Seiferth, S.K. Kurinec, Y. Gao, C. Peng and L. Tsybeskov, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp Proc., Vol. 298, p. 271, 1993. Edwin E. Hach, III, Assistant Professor, SoPA Quantum Information Processing with Continuous Variables Photonic Quantum Information Processing Single Photon Response QFT Overarching Theme: quantum entanglement as a practically manageable resource Bell-Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt Violations A. Yariv, Elec. Lett. 36, 321 (2000) EEHIII, AWE, & SFP, Phys. Rev. A82, 063839(2010) (10011 citations)* Fundamental QOIP Circuit Element Coherent States SU(2): CCG, AB, EEHIII & JA, Phys. Rev. A 79, 022111(2009 ) SU(1,1): EEHIII, CCG & PMA, Phys. Rev. A (2015, in AFRL clearance) On-Chip Quantum Information Processing

SU(2) Spin Squeezing/Atomic State Purity EEHIII, CCG , RB & PMA, Phys. Rev. A (2015, in prep) Valued Collaborators Dr. Stefan F. Preble, RIT Dr. Christopher C. Gerry, CUNY Dr. Paul M. Alsing, AFRL Michael Fanto, AFRL Jeffrey A. Steidle, RIT Sept 2014 Present Highlights Richard Birrattella, CUNY Appreciated Support Ryan E. Scott, SoPA , RIT External: $30k, AFRL/RI (EEH3) Internal: $3500, CoS UG Fellowship (RES) Public Display NYSAAPT, 21 Mar, RIT(EEH3) SPIE-DSS, 23 Apr, Baltimore(EEH3) NYAPSQCC, 24 Apr, Fredonia (RES) CoS URS, 7 Aug, RIT (RES) On-Chip Compressive Sensing EEHIII, SFP, AWE, PMA, & MLF, Phys. Rev. A89, 043805(2014) EEHIII, Elec. Lett. (2015, in prep)

Phase-Partition Metrology/Tomography *This number is expressed in the binary system One-Slide Summary: Bhattacharya Status, Personnel, Funding Working on optics+nanomechanics based quantum sensors 2 postdocs (Brandon Rodenburg, Wenchao Ge) +3 undergraduates (Stefano Marin, Tyler Godat, Wyatt Wetzel) ~$250K/yr (ONR/NSF/RCSA) Directions design force sensors to go beyond the standard quantum limit develop single-photon optical detectors Desired RIT Collaborators Preble, on quantum information processing Zemcov, on quantum cloning (?)

Needs ~$200 K/yr Desired Industry Collaborators ? One-Slide: Robert Pearson Photons & Microelectronics - Photonics Status: AIM Photonics Education team. 1. Development of Photonics ME/Certificate program modelled after the Microelectronics ME program. (2 faculty for now, myself and Dale Ewbank, 12 MS students, 1 BS student, ~40k per year) 2. 3. 4. 5.

Directions: In the next 5 years we will have a set of courses and lab experiences to support a possible ME program in Photonics RIT Collaborators: Dale Ewbank, Stefan Preble, Drew Maywar, Martin Anselm, Ben Zwickl, Anne Leak Needs: Unlimited Funds , Faculty release time, Consumables budget, MS student stipends Newer wafer saw, Newer single head CMP tool Desired Industry Collaborators: Anybody interested in fabrication, SUNY Poly, Mentor Graphics New Hires and New Headquarters Assistant Director We received ~15 applications. Two applicants were invited for interviews. Their application materials are available.

\\Hawk\ridl\products\talks\Phil Schofield\Scho field Presentation.MOV \\Hawk\ridl\products\talks\Frank Razavi\Razavi Presentation.MOV Executive Assistant We received ~120 applications. A dozen or so were interviewed. We hired Robyn Rosechandler. Faculty Lines We have one promised line in COS to be advertised next year.

We may be able to get more lines in a cluster hire. New Headquarters FPI Headquarters will be in the former Research Computing room in ENG. FPI Funding Profile FPI Sponsored Research FY14 FY16 FPI Proposals FY14 - FY16 12 PIs, 116 proposals FPI proposals FY14 - 16 count 35 30 25 Funded Pending Not Funded 32 51 20 15 10

5 33 0 Federal incl. pass thru NY State incl. pass thru Funded FPI Proposals FY14 - FY16 value Not Funded Other Pending DOD. FY14-16, $9M Federal Funding US Army Govt DOD. Air $12,000,000 $8,000,000 $4,000,000 $- Force F

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Presidents budget proposal funds R&D at 0.75 0.78 of GDP, lowest since Sputnik Priorities include Applied energy R&D Defense technology, downstream development, NNSA Cancer research Competitive agricultural research Negative priorities NASA, Science Missions Directorate, exploration development Defense basic research Global Photonic Sensors, 2015 2020 2015 Market Size: $8.4B

2020 Market Size: $17.42B Largest application segment: military devices (>25% of global market share) Fastest growing application segments: homeland security and energy sectors Source: Global Photonic Sensor Market, 2016- 2020, Technavio.com Major Manufacturers Baumer (Switzerland): sensor-related products Banner Engineering (US): photonic, fiberoptic, vision or image, and laser sensors OMRON (Japan): sensor technologies

Hamamatsu Photonics (Japan): optical sensors Source: Global Photonic Sensor Market, 2016- 2020, Technavio.com Prominent US & Canadian Vendors BaySpec: vertically integrated spectral sensing Banpil Photonics: multispectral image sensors Brandywine Photonics: hyperspectral imagers Fiso Tech: fiber-optic sensors Honeywell: wide range of products Prime Photonics: DoD, NASA, DOE, NSF

Source: Global Photonic Sensor Market, 2016- 2020, Technavio.com Photonic R&D Investments Investment in R&D by photonics companies runs from 5% to as high as 20% of sales, with 8% to 12% the more common choice. Breakdown of available R&D Funding: 20% to mature product lines 50% to upgraded products 30% to totally new products Source: Laser Focus World, August 1, 2012 Suggestions Frost & Sullivan reports: www.frost.com BCC Research: www.bccresearch.com SBIR awardees: https://www.sbir.gov/sbirsearch/award/all

ERC NSF Engineering Research Center (ERC) The goal of the ERC Program is to integrate engineering research and education with technological innovation to transform national prosperity, health, and security. ERCs create an innovative, inclusive culture in engineering to cultivate new ideas and pursue engineering discovery that achieves a significant science, technology, and societal outcome within the 10-year timeframe of NSF support. For information on individual ERCs and their achievements, go to: ERC-assoc.org. Those who submit proposals in response to this solicitation will need to address the following questions: What is the compelling new idea and how does it relate to national needs? Why is a center necessary to tackle the idea? How will the ERC's infrastructure integrate and implement research, workforce development and innovation ecosystem development efforts to achieve its vision? Scope Very large multi-university entity

One lead university Up to four partner university sites Cost sharing required, adequate space required, strong university commitment Industrial Partnerships, innovation ecosystem Funding for 10 years Total funding up to $50 M over 10 years Deadlines: Preliminary Proposal Due Date: October, 2017 (15 pages) Full Proposal Deadline: June, 2018 (40 pages) NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research Centers ProgramI/UCRC I/UCRC enables industrially-relevant, pre-competitive research via a multi-member, sustained partnerships between industry, academe, and government. NSF supports the development and evolution of I/UCRCs, providing a financial and procedural framework for membership and operations in addition to best practices learned over decades of fostering public/private partnerships that provide significant value to the nation, industry

and university faculty and students. Centers bring together: Faculty and students from different academic institutions, Companies, State/Federal/Local government and non-profits to perform cutting-edge precompetitive fundamental research in science, engineering, technology area(s) of interest to industry and that can drive innovation and the U.S. economy. Members guide the direction of Center research through active involvement and mentoring. Proposal Due Date: Fall, 2016 ERC Goals and Key Features ERCs Build University Cultures that Join Discovery & Innovation in Partnership with Industry Create a culture to join scientific discovery to technological innovation through transformational engineered systems research and education

Build partnerships with industry to strengthen the innovative capacity of the U.S. in a global context Produce diverse engineering graduates who are creative innovators in a global economy http://erc-assoc.org/content/welcome-erc-program Key Features of an ERC Guiding strategic vision for transforming engineered systems and the development of a globally competitive and diverse engineering workforce Strategic plans for research, education, & diversity to realize the vision: Integrated, interdisciplinary research program -- fundamental to systems research and proof-of-concept test beds; Integrating research and education from pre-college to practitioners (courses, course modules, new degree programs)

Partnership with industry/practitioners to formulate and evolve the strategic plan, strengthen research and education, speed technology transfer; Leadership, cohesive and diverse interdisciplinary team, effective management; Cross-institutional commitment to facilitate and foster the interdisciplinary culture and diversity of the ERC Substantial financial and other commitments from the academic, industrial, and other partners to support and sustain the ERCs Additional Gen-3 ERC Key Features ERCs on the Innovation Spectrum Industry Resources

Investors Valley of the Shadow of Death ERCs Gen-3 ERCs Small Business Academia Discovery Technology Demonstration Development Commercialization Level of Development Adapted from slide created by Angus Kingon, Brown University Gen-3 ERCs bridge discovery to innovation by expanding the ERC culture to:

Partner in translational research with small firms Partner with economic development organizations Develop more creative & innovative engineers Sustain long-term pre-college partnerships Reward mentoring Partner with 1-3 foreign universities to provide cross-cultural research and education experiences Whats an Engineered System? An engineered system is a combination of components working in synergy to collectively perform a useful function A purposefully broad definition to encompass many fields Resources ERCs ENG overall NSF overall Gen-3 ERCs Convert Valley of Death into Challenge Basin

Translational research Existing Research Resources Research at Universities Existing Innovation Commercialization Resources Partners/Facilitator s Challenge Basin Innovation Infrastructure New Products Sold by Companies Level of Development Adapted from chart by Deborah Jackson, ERC Program Director

Engineering Workforce Development Strategically designed to produce graduates with skill sets to be: Creative, adaptive, and innovative Familiar with industrial practice, technology advancement, entrepreneurship, and innovation Research will enrich the curriculum Bring engineering concepts and experiences to the K-12 classroom, through: Research Experiences for Teachers Program Engaging pre-college students in ERCs research and education programs Innovation Ecosystem Sectors and types of firms/agencies strategically targeted along the value chain University and/or state and local government

partners/facilitators of innovation and entrepreneurship Role for translational research in partnership with small firms when member firms do not license IP Strategic configuration would result in highly effective approach to industrial collaboration and innovation ERC Infrastructure Configuration and Leadership Culture of Inclusion Management Efforts Resources and University Commitment

ERC: Research Potentially Transformative; well motivated; significant impact; exciting; compelling; credible Fundamental Translational Research 10 year support by NSF & DOE ERC driven by an Engineered System http://erc-assoc.org/content/welcome-erc-program Location of ERCs Status of ERCs Quantum Energy and Sustainable Solar Technologies QESST's goal is to design and build novel PV cells and modules that circumvent trade-offs between cost and efficiency, making them higher efficiency, lower cost, scalable, and sustainable. The approach is to broadly to

fuse technologies from different technological bases which are historical siloed, and that are intrinsically sustainable and scalable to meet the Terawatt Challenge. Engineering Research Center Arizona State University in partnership with the California Institute of Technology, the University of Delaware, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the University of New Mexico Christiana Honsberg, Director Harry Atwater, Deputy Director Matthew Fraser, Executive Director QESST Three Level Strategic Plan QESST Organizational Chart Discussion and Brainstorming Is something of this magnitude feasible for us to even consider?

Perhaps, given right partners and resources, but need to start planning now for Fall 2017 submission. What is the compelling new idea and how does it relate to national needs? Photonics certainly fits this bill, and AIMPhotonics has made this case successfully. Wide or limited area focus within photonics Wide: FPI is wide focus, BUT, will this work to provide a strong engineered system concept with compelling vision? Limited: an ERC focused on specific areas within photonics that can together represent a combination of components working in synergy to collectively perform a useful function Relevant efforts already in progress: QESST: solar energy focused Advanced Self-Powered Systems of Integrated Sensors and Technologies (ASSIST) Nanomanufacturing Systems for Mobile Computing and Mobile Energy Technologies (NASCENT) Discussion and Brainstorming

What is our Engineered System? What is our Vision? Who are our Partners? Thoughts on a 3-plane diagram?

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