French-English Relations: From New France to 1944 CHC2DI New France 2 Reasons to Colonize: 1. Economic Expansion (fur trade, timber, shipbuilding)
2. Exploration (try to find closer route to Far East) Who made up the society of New France ? Farmers, Roman Catholic Clergy, Army, fur traders Feudal system in effect (farmers pay % of
crop to Lord and 10% to Church) British Conquest 1759 on the Plains of Abraham After conquest the French Army leaves, the British Army stays, French citizens stay - the British attempt to anglicize and assimilate them (insist they speak English, bring in British
colonists, diminish influence of Catholicism) New France becomes Quebec The Quebec Act 1774 Why ? keep Quebecers happy to prevent them from joining the rebellion in the 13 colonies (America)
1. Official recognition of French language 2. Permits Catholics to hold office 3. Permitted to practice Catholicism and clergy can collect tithe 4. Keep French civil laws 5. Gives Quebec land west of 13 colonies Confederation 1867
French-Canadians worry about losing identity, language, educations, culture The British respond with Section 92 of the B.N.A. Act , which gives provinces control over many matters (education, etc. - the irony is) How do the following
events impact French English relations in Canada ? Red River Rebellion 1869-70 Louis Riel and Metis concerns provisional government Thomas Scott, the Orangemen and the surveyors The Execution of Thomas Scott
Riel escapes to the U.S. Northwest Rebellion 1885 After selling or abandoning their land in Manitoba, many Metis move Northwest to Saskatchewan in search of wide open spaces
Canadian government decides to expand there next - Riel returns to lead the fight starts peaceful, but the Feds dont notice the protests and petitions fight breaks out between the Metis and the Northwest Mounted Police, several officers are killed Riel is arrested and put on trial, then
found guilty and hanged Manitoba Schools Question In 1870 Manitoba was mostly Frenchspeaking and Catholic. As part of Confederation they were promised Catholic Francophone schools would be supported by provincial government funds. By 1890 there are more English-speaking Protestants, and the provincial government
cuts funds to French Catholic schools. 1896 - compromise is reached (last 30 minutes of school day is for religious instruction, if more than 10 Frenchspeaking students a French teacher must be hired) Conscription Crisis I 1917 P.M. Borden asked for more men by British
command, so he passes the Military Service Act which means all men 21-45 must join army Rest of Canada is upset before this because Quebec has the lowest enlistment Quebec is upset with this Act because they see it as a European War - riots break out in Montreal and Quebec City
Conscription Crisis II P.M. King promises no conscription in 1940 By 1942 casualties are outnumbering enlisted men, so King holds a referendum to release him from his promise Result - 78% Canadians vote yes (but in
Quebec only 28% vote yes) Conscription Bill passes
'Just War' View: Jus ad bellum (justice before war; right reasons for going to war) Just cause. Legitimate authority. Right intention. Probability of success. ... bellum sacrum (holy war). Pope Urban's speech to the Council on November 27 marked the...
In 1991, the Texas Legislature passed the Texas Clean Rivers Act (Texas Water Code 26.0135) The Act outlines: Source of program funding. Responsibilities of the TCEQ and the river authorities. Timelines for assessment. CRP Major Functions-What allows us to conduct...
c- Test . d- Instruction to patient. The patient is side lying with the test leg lowermost and resting on the table. The uppermost leg is abducted to 25 degrees and supported by the examiner. The therapist stands behind the...
The Participants had to perform 4 tests: an avoidance task, a verbal rote-learning task, a word-association test, and a picture recognition task. Results: More errors were made on day 2 in the AS and SA condition than in the AA...
Electrostatic Series. A chart designed to indicate the likelihood of an object to gain or lose electrons. ... Static electricity increases in the winter time because everything is so much more dry. Less moisture/ humidity in the air, the more...
Gothic There are modern adaptations of the term "gothic" Gothic - literature that combine elements of both Romanticism and Horror; exploration of the surrealism of human nature Usually these elements combine to form mysteries, ghost stories, spiritual awakenings, delving into...
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!