# Empirical Formulas - Lompoc Unified School District Empirical Formulas Empirical formula tells the relative number of atoms of each element in a compound Mole concept provides a way of calculating the empirical formula

Also called the simplest formula Example Phosgene, a poison gas used during World War I, contains 12.1 percent C, 16.2 percent O, and 71.7 percent Cl. What is the

empirical formula of phosgene? Step 1 Assume a 100g sample. 12.1 g C 16.2 g O 71.7 g Cl

Step 2 Change each mass into moles 1.01 mol C 1.01 mol O 2.02 mol Cl

Step 3 Divide each mole through by the smallest to obtain a ratio 1 C: 1O: 2Cl Step 4 Write the formula

COCl2 Example 2 A 5.325 g sample of methyl benzoate, a compound used in perfumes, is found to contain 3.758 g of carbon, .316 g of

hydrogen, and 1.251 g of oxygen. What is the empirical formula? C4H4O Molecular Formula The empirical formula may or may not be the true molecular formula

To obtain the molecular formula, we must know the molecular weight The molecular weight of methyl benzoate is 136.0 amu. Is the empirical formula we determined

the molecular formula? What is the molecular formula? Combustion Example The combustion of 1.000 g of ascorbic acid produces 1.50 g of CO2 and .405 g of H2O. Determine

the empirical formula. Find grams of each substance Find moles of each Divide to find ratio