WARM UP Identify the subject and predicate, prepositions, adverbs and adjectives. While the bubbles were yet sparkling on the brim, the doctor's four guests snatched their glasses from the table, and swallowed the contents at a single gulp (Hawthorne 102). Write your own sentence, mimicking the
pattern of the above sentence. EMBEDDED QUOTES Incorporating quoted material into literary analysis WHY SHOULD I USE QUOTES? To support my argument. To demonstrate my familiarity with the text.
To avoid getting kicked out of school for plagiarism! EMBEDDED VS DROPPEDIN An embedded quote flows naturally into your own writing. When reading a wellembedded quote, it should sound like part of your own sentence. A dropped-in quote does not flow with the rest of the sentence. It sounds
jarring and disrupts the sentence and paragraph. EXAMPLE #1 Beneatha is a character who believes in freedom of expression. She said this quote: People have to express themselves one way or another (Hansberry 48). Beneatha is a character who believes that people need to express themselves one way or another
(Hansberry 48). EXAMPLE #2 Holden gets frustrated and decides to leave. People are always ruining things for you (Salinger 88). Holden gets frustrated and decides to leave, claiming that people are always ruining things (Salinger 88).
Holden gets frustrated and decides to leave. He claims that people are always ruining things (Salinger 88). MECHANICS Capitalization Leaving words out Adding words in Punctuation Where to put the period.
CAPITALIZATION The quote is part of your sentence. Do not capitalize any word unless it would ordinarily be capitalized. Example: Holden gets frustrated and decides to leave, claiming that people are always ruining things (Salinger 88). Do not capitalize people even though
in the original text it is the first word of the sentence. OMITTING WORDS When it is necessary to leave out a few words from the original text, use an ellipses () indicating where the words were skipped. He claims that people are ruining things (Salinger 88).
NOTE: it is important you do not change the meaning of the original quote by omitting or adding words CHANGING WORDS Sometimes a word needs to be changed in order for the sentence to be grammatically correct. Use brackets to enclose added words:
She is just about to apologize when she realizes that this nun is not Mama or Papa [who she] could argue things with (Alvarez 15). (The original text is written in first person.) USING QUOTES IN A PARAGRAPH Lead your reader into the quote.
Use the quoted material. Explain how the quote relates to the main point of your paragraph. Hmm. Sounds like the PEE chain; claim, data, warrant; and claim, evidence, reason, doesnt it? EXAMPLE
Lead the reader: From early childhood to adulthood, people are conditioned to hate books and nature. Toddlers are offered books and flowers by their nurses. While the children play with their new toys, a nurse presses the lever, and shocks them to terror. The quote: By doing this, the Director says, theyll grow up with what the psychologist used to call an instinctive hatred of books and flowers (Huxley 22). Explanation: As a result, people in this society no longer see the beauty of literature
or nature. WHERE TO PUT THE PERIOD The closing punctuation always goes at the very end of the sentence, i.e. after the parenthetical citation. Beneatha is a character who believes that people need to express themselves one way or another (Hansberry 48).
CITE YOUR SOURCES! Avoid plagiarism! At the end of the sentence, include a parenthetical citation. In most cases (at college), the authors name and page number is required (Author 348). In some cases (frequently here in class), only a page number is needed (348).
In Shakespeares plays, you need Act.scene.line (IV.3.14-17). OUR CLASS ESSAYS Do not require a works cited page if you are only using quotes from a single source the novel or play itself Use parentheticals Generally
just the page number will be needed Your college essay should also only require parenthetical citations WORKS CITED PAGE The parenthetical citations co-ordinate with the works cited page included at the end of your paper.
Helpful websites for proper formatting: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/ 2/ BASIC FORMAT Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication.
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The examples are; Stress Intonation Juncture Is the emphasis placed on the sound or syllable spoken most forcefully in a word or phrase. Example: Distinctions occur between verbs and nouns e.g. 'insult and in'sult - 'rebel and re'bel.
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Grammar Attack! A Review Game with . Punctuation. Double Negatives. Capitalization . ... SHE SAID, "I READ RAY BRADBURY'S SHORT STORY 'THE VELDT' TODAY IN CLASS."QUOTES INSIDE OF OTHER QUOTES NEED TO HAVE THE SINGLE QUOTE AROUND THEM. Answer: