Elipsa, Zeugma

Elipsa, Zeugma

ELIPSA, ZEUGMA Petra Libkov 14.4.2010 ELIPSA Z eckho slova ellipsis = nedostatek, chyba, vynechn Oznaovna t vpustka (vpustek) ELIPSA = vynechn takovch slov nebo vt, kter oznauj skutenosti znm ze situace nebo z kontextu, a kter si proto meme bez deformace smyslu doplnit. Pinou elipsy bv siln citov vzruen nebo snaha vyjadovat se strun a neopakovat se ELIPSA Rozliujeme

tyto druhy: a)elipsa aktuln zvisl na kontextu projevu a lexikalizovan a)elipsa ustlen nap. Je est. Eliptick vty jsou bn v hovorovm stylu, zejmna v dialogu nebo v rozkaze (tak npisy, nadpisy, telegramy, drobn zprvy) Uplatuje se tak v publicistickch projevech a v umleckm stylu (v ei autorsk i v ei postav)

ELIPSA - pklady Dialog nka a hosta: nk: Dte si? host: Gul se esti a mal svtl. Po jdle: host: Platit. nk: Okamek! Sedmdest est. host: Osmdest. Zajist poznvte, co vyplynulo ze situace, a jak slova jet mohla bt uita. ELIPSA - pklady Nevm, kam dv. Ztra musm do Londna. tlo jeho skla na skle lec (K. J.

Erben) Kolik je? Prodava pi placen: Kartou nebo hotov? Po zkouce se zeptme studenta: Za kolik? Hodie mihi, cras tibi (dnes mn, ztra tob.) Aut Caesar, aut nihil. (Chci bt bu Caesarem, nebo nim) Et tu, mi fili? (I ty, mj synu?) ELIPSA Bn pouit elipsy je v podku. Nevhodn elipsa pat k chybm ve

vtn stavb. Vypustme st sdlen, kter znme. Adrest vak tuto skutenost nezn a text nemus sprvn pochopit. Nap. Policista byl pokozenho navtvit. Stle jet nemohl vypovdat. (Kdo nemohl vypovdat?) ZEUGMA Pejato z etiny = spojen Zeugma chybn speen vazeb = odchylka od pravideln vtn stavby. Vznik spojenm jednoho pdu se dvma rznovazebnmi slovesy. Mluvnicky sprvn je tak pouze posledn spojen. Dochz

k nmu nkdy v pekladech pod tlakem syntaxe originlu. Nap: .. nesnm, bojm se, nenvidm vs.. (esk peklad Anny Kareninov) splv vazba akuzativn s genitivn ZEUGMA Za speen rznch vazeb se tak povauje: a)Navzn vrazu na dc vtn len pomoc dvou pedloek, z nich kad vyaduje rzn pd: nap. Vsledky nelze oekvat ped nebo bhem mrovch

rozhovor. b)Souadn spojen pvlastk neshodnch, kter vyaduj jin navzn na dc jmno: nap. Pro podobn typ chovn a boje s vnjm neptelem nen v zkon opora. ZEUGMA - pklady Starala se a vyuovala svho syna.(strarat se o koho, co, vyuovat koho co). Pednesl a diskutoval svj refert.

(pednet koho co/pp. komu, emu a diskutovat koho co) Sprvn znn: Starala se o svho syna a vyuovala ho. Pednesl svj refert a diskutoval o nm. pomeme si tm, e pedmt ve druh vt nahradme zjmenem. ZEUGMA - pklady Sylvestr Stallone nael a ujal se velmi

chlupatho psa, ktermu dal jsmno Charlie. vyskakovn a naskakovn do tramvaje nien a lapn po trvnku zneuvn A a pltvn prodnmi zdroji tak jsem osobn vidla a mluvila s nam jubilantem.

ZEUGMA v AJ a NJ Anglitina: V tomto jazyce je speen vazeb zcela bn, ba stylisticky elegantn: Nap: They love and take care of their children. (= Miluj sv dti a staraj se o n.) Nmina: Podobn jako J v tomto ohledu mn prun: Nap. Sie lieben und kmmern sich um ihre Kinder. Sprvn: Sie lieben ihre Kinder und kmmern sich um sie. ZEUGMA Stylistika dnes pipout uit takovch zeugmat, jejich odstrann by vedlo k

pesnmu, ale tkopdnmu vyjden. Nap: Existuje ada faktor, kter hovo pro i proti vstupu do EU. Toleruje se i speen jmen, jejich koncovky jsou ve 2 pdech nhodou shodn, ale pouze pokud jde o konkurenci 1. a 4. pdu. Nap: Lze uskutenit a jsou divadeln ivotn i takov vci, kter ELIPSA, ZEUGMA - vlastn pklady elipsa: Jak je? Kdo to? Pejete si? Opova se! Tempo!

D quand? (Od kdy?) Cr nn? (Pro ne?) Nn dcte! (Nekejte!) Zeugma: ast pouvn a pltvn vodou je nedouc. Nememe chodit po nebo pes ciz pozemek. Chpu a souhlasm s tmto nzorem. Caedere et laedere bestiae nn hmnum est. (Bt a ubliovat zvatm je nelidsk)

Currere in et ex schol nn licitus est. (Bhn do a ze koly nen dovoleno) Zdroje: stav pro eskou a svtovou literaturu SAV. Slovnk literrn teorie. Praha: eskoslovensk spisovatel, 1984 KOSTEKA, Ji. esk jazyk pro 3. ronk gymnzi. Praha: SPN pedagogick nakladatelstv, 2002 PECH, Jaroslav. Schzky s etinou aneb hezky esky. Praha: NS Svoboda, 2007

MAJSOV BUCHTOV, Boena. Rtorika. Grada Publishing, 2006 http://www.mojecestina.cz

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