Duty to Love - Rom. 12:9-13

Duty to Love - Rom. 12:9-13

DANIEL INTRODUCTION Dr. Andy Woods The Building Blocks Diversity of Topics Date Authorship Literary Genre

The Covenants Message Purpose Synthetic Outline Succession of Gentile Rulers Imbedded chronology Daniels Age Message Times of the Gentiles are revealed prophetically (2, 7, 8-12) and ethically (1, 3-6) Purpose To encourage Judah by emphasizing the sovereignty of God during the Babylonian captivity and to teach Judah how to live while outside the land

Bifurcating Daniel Synthetic Outline I. Historical (1-7): Daniel interprets, 3rd person, gentile nations A. Intro Hebrew (1) B. Aramaic chiasm (2-7) Synthetic Outline II. Prophetic (8-12): Angel interprets, 1st person, Jewish nation, Hebrew A. Ram & Goat (8) B. 70 weeks (9) C. Final vision (10-12) Synthetic Outline I. Historical (1-7): Daniel interprets, 3rd person, gentile

nations A. Intro Hebrew (1) B. Aramaic chiasm (2-7) Focus of chapter 1 Introductory information Stage setting for displaying Gods sovereignty How God will preserve a remnant (Jer. 31:35-37) Chapter 1 Outline

Daniels circumstances (1:1-2) Daniels selection (1:3-7) Daniels dedication (1:8-16) Daniels blessing (1:17-21) Chapter 1 Outline Daniels circumstances (1:1-2)

Daniels selection (1:3-7) Daniels dedication (1:8-16) Daniels blessing (1:17-21) Captivity of the Jews (1:1-2) Nebuchadnezzars siege (1:1) Deut. 28:49

3 sieges 605 (Dan 1:1, Daniel and a few princes, Jehoiakim) 596 (2 Kings 24:10-16, majority, Ezekiel, Jehoiachin) 586 (2 Kings 25:1-21, remnant captured, Jerusalem and temple destroyed, Zedekiah) Nebuchadnezzars booty (1:2) Captivity of the Jews (1:1-2) Nebuchadnezzars siege (1:1) Deut. 28:49

3 sieges 605 (Dan 1:1, Daniel and a few princes, Jehoiakim) 596 (2 Kings 24:10-16, majority, Ezekiel, Jehoiachin) 586 (2 Kings 25:1-21, remnant captured, Jerusalem and temple destroyed, Zedekiah) Nebuchadnezzars booty (1:2) Succession of Gentile Rulers 1-4: Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon 5: Belshazzar of Babylon

6: Darius of Media Persia 7-8: Belshazzar of Babylon 9: Darius of Media Persia 10-12: Cyrus of Media Persia Succession of Gentile Rulers 1-4: Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon

5: Belshazzar of Babylon 6: Darius of Media-Persia 7-8: Belshazzar of Babylon 9: Darius of Media-Persia 10-12: Cyrus of Media-Persia Captivity of the Jews (1:1-2)

Nebuchadnezzars siege (1:1) Deut. 28:49 3 sieges 605 (Dan 1:1, Daniel and a few princes, Jehoiakim) 596 (2 Kings 24:10-16, majority, Ezekiel, Jehoiachin) 586 (2 Kings 25:1-21, remnant captured, Jerusalem and temple destroyed, Zedekiah) Nebuchadnezzars booty (1:2) Mosaic Covenant

Exodus 19-24 Deut. 28:1-14, 15-68 Deut. 28:49-50 Explains Babylonian Captivity of 605 BC Six Parts of a Suzerain-Vassal Treaty in Deuteronomy Preamble (1:1-5)

Prologue (1:64:40) Covenant obligations (526) Storage and reading instructions (27:2-3; 31:9, 24, 26) Witnesses (32:1) Blessings and curses (28) Six Parts of a Suzerain-Vassal Treaty

in Deuteronomy Preamble (1:1-5) Prologue (1:64:40) Covenant obligations (526) Storage and reading instructions (27:2-3; 31:9, 24, 26) Witnesses (32:1)

Blessings and curses (28) Captivity of the Jews (1:1-2) Nebuchadnezzars siege (1:1) Deut. 28:49 3 sieges 605 (Dan 1:1, Daniel and a few princes, Jehoiakim) 596 (2 Kings 24:10-16, majority, Ezekiel, Jehoiachin) 586 (2 Kings 25:1-21, remnant captured, Jerusalem and temple destroyed, Zedekiah)

Nebuchadnezzars booty (1:2) NEBUCHADNEZZARS 3 SIEGES OF JUDAH Year 1 2 3 605 597 586 24:1; 2 Kings 24:10-16; 2 Kings 25:1-2,

Scripture 2 Kings Dan.1:1 Ezek. 1:1-2 Ezek 33:21 Judahs king Those taken Jehoiakim Daniel & some princes Jehoiachin Zedekiah Ezekiel &

majority 10k Remnant captured, Jerusalem & Temple destroyed CHAPTER AND VERSE IN DANIEL CHRONOLOGICAL DATE BIBLICAL DATE 1:1 605

3rd year of Jehoiakim 2:1 603 2nd year of Nebuchadnezzar 5 Sat. night 10/12/539 (Hoehner) 7:1 553 1st year of Belshazzar 8:1

551 3rd year of Belshazzar 9:1 538 1st year of Darius 10:1 536 3rd year of Cyrus CHAPTER AND VERSE IN DANIEL CHRONOLOGICAL

DATE BIBLICAL DATE 1:1 605 3rd year of Jehoiakim 2:1 603 2nd year of Nebuchadnezzar 5 Sat. night 10/12/539 (Hoehner)

7:1 553 1st year of Belshazzar 8:1 551 3rd year of Belshazzar 9:1 538 1st year of Darius 10:1

536 3rd year of Cyrus Daniels Age CHAPTER EVENTS AGE 1 Taken to Babylonian captivity 15 2 Interpreting Nebuchadnezzars 1st dream (huge image)

17 3 Daniels 3 friends cast into the fiery furnace 4 Interpreting Nebuchadnezzars 2nd dream (huge tree) 5 Interpreting handwriting of the wall at Belshazzars feast 6 Delivered from the den of lions

7-8 9 10-12 19 or 20 45-50 Early 80s c.83 Daniels visions and dreams Mid-60s Daniels seventy sevens prophecy Early-80s Final dreams and visions Mid-80s

Daniels Age CHAPTER EVENTS AGE 1 TAKEN TO BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY 15 2 Interpreting Nebuchadnezzars 1st dream (huge image) 17 3

Daniels 3 friends cast into the fiery furnace 4 Interpreting Nebuchadnezzars 2nd dream (huge tree) 5 Interpreting handwriting of the wall at Belshazzars feast 6 Delivered from the den of lions 7-8 9 10-12

19 or 20 45-50 Early 80s c.83 Daniels visions and dreams Mid-60s Daniels seventy sevens prophecy Early-80s Final dreams and visions Mid-80s Captivity of the Jews (1:1-2) Nebuchadnezzars siege (1:1)

Deut. 28:49 3 sieges 605 (Dan 1:1, Daniel and a few princes, Jehoiakim) 596 (2 Kings 24:10-16, majority, Ezekiel, Jehoiachin) 586 (2 Kings 25:1-21, remnant captured, Jerusalem and temple destroyed, Zedekiah) Nebuchadnezzars booty (1:2) Babylon = Shinar Past: Gen 11:2

Present: Dan 1:2 Future: Zech 5:11 and Rev 17-18 Babylon = Shinar Past: Gen 11:2 Present: Dan 1:2 Future: Zech 5:11 and Rev 17-18

Genesis 11:1-4 Now the whole earth used the same language and the same words. 2 It came about as they journeyed east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar and settled there. 3 They said to one another, Come, let us make bricks and burn them thoroughly. And they used brick for stone, and they used tar for mortar. 4 They said, Come, let us build for ourselves a city, and a tower whose top will reach into heaven, and let us make for ourselves a name, otherwise we will be scattered abroad over the face of the whole earth. 1 Babylon = Shinar Past: Gen 11:2

Present: Dan 1:2 Future: Zech 5:11 and Rev 17-18 Babylons History After 539 B.C. Herodotus gives Babylons measurements (450 B.C.) Alexander the Great visits and dies in Babylon (323 B.C.) Seleucus seizes Babylon (312 B.C.)

Strabo pronounces Babylons hanging gardens as one of seven wonders of the world (25 B.C) Home of the Magi (Matt. 2:2) Babylonians present on Pentecost (Acts 2:9) Talmud promulgated from Babylon (A.D. 500) Haukal mentions Babylonian village (A.D. 917)

Babylon known as Two Mosques and Hilah (A.D. 1100) Hitchcock and Ice, The Truth Behind Left Behind, 109 Babylon = Shinar Past: Gen 11:2 Present: Dan 1:2 Future: Zech 5:11 and Rev 17-18 Zechariah 5:5-11 Woman (wickedness)

Ephah (commerce) House (Temple-2 Sam 7; religion) Shinar (Gen 10:10; 11:2; Dan 1:2) Zechariah 5:5-11 Revelation 1718 Woman sitting in a basket Woman sitting on beast, seven mountains, many waters (17: 3, 9, 15)

Emphasis on commerce (a basket for measuring grain) Emphasis on commerce (merchant of grain, 18:13) Womans name is wickedness Womans name is Babylon the Great, Mother of Harlots and Abominations of the Earth Focus on False worship (a temple is built for the woman) Focus on False worship (17:5)

Woman is taken to Babylon Woman is called Babylon Hitchcock, The Second Coming of Babylon, 109. Chapter 1 Outline Daniels circumstances (1:1-2) Daniels selection (1:3-7) Daniels dedication (1:8-16) Daniels blessing (1:17-21) Daniels Selection (1:3-7)

The selection (1:3) The program (1:4-5) Entrance requirements (1:4a) Course of study (4b) Physical provision (5a)

Length of study (5b) The candidates (6-7) Hebrew names (6) Babylonian names (7) Daniels Selection (1:3-7) The selection (1:3)

The program (1:4-5) Entrance requirements (1:4a) Course of study (4b) Physical provision (5a) Length of study (5b) The candidates (6-7)

Hebrew names (6) Babylonian names (7) Daniels Selection (1:3-7) The selection (1:3) The program (1:4-5)

Entrance requirements (1:4a) Course of study (4b) Physical provision (5a) Length of study (5b) The candidates (6-7) Hebrew names (6)

Babylonian names (7) Daniels Selection (1:3-7) The selection (1:3) The program (1:4-5) Entrance requirements (1:4a) Course of study (4b)

Physical provision (5a) Length of study (5b) The candidates (6-7) Hebrew names (6) Babylonian names (7) Daniels Selection (1:3-7) The selection (1:3)

The program (1:4-5) Entrance requirements (1:4a) Course of study (4b) Physical provision (5a)

Length of study (5b) The candidates (6-7) Hebrew names (6) Babylonian names (7) Changing of the names Jewish names (Deut. 6:6-7; Prov. 22:6) Daniel-God is my judge

Hananiah-Yahweh is gracious Mishael-Who is what God is? Azariah-Yahweh has helped Daniels Selection (1:3-7) The selection (1:3) The program (1:4-5)

Entrance requirements (1:4a) Course of study (4b) Physical provision (5a) Length of study (5b) The candidates (6-7) Hebrew names (6)

Babylonian names (7) Changing of the names Babylonian names (Gen 2:19; Rom 12:2) Beltshazzar-Lady protect the king Shadrach-I am fearful of God Meshach-I am of little account

Abed-nego-Servant of Nebo The philosophy of the school room in one generation will be the philosophy of government in the next. Cited in Mark A. Beliles and Stephen K. McDowell, America's Providential History (Charlottesville, VA: Providence, 1989), 95. Humanist Proselytizing Education is thus a most powerful ally of Humanism, and every public school is a school of Humanism. What can the theistic Sunday-schools, meeting for an hour once a week, and teaching only a fraction of the children, do to stem the tide of a five-day program of humanistic teaching? Charles Francis Potter, Humanism: A New Religion (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1930), 128

Humanist Proselytizing Every child in America entering school at the age of five is mentally ill because he comes to school with certain allegiances to our founding fathers, toward our elected officials, toward his parents, toward a belief in a supernatural being, and toward the sovereignty of this nation as a separate entity. It's up to you as teachers to make all these sick children well by creating the international child of the future. Chester M. Pierce, Harvard psychiatrist, speaking as an expert in public education at the 1973 International Education Seminar. Humanist Proselytizing I am convinced that the battle for humankinds future must be waged and won in the public school classrooms by teachers who correctly perceive their role as proselytizers of a new faith: a religion of humanity that recognizes and respects the spark of what theologians call the Divinity in every human being.

These teachers must embody the same selfless dedication as the most rabid fundamentalist preachers. John Dunphy, A Religion for the New Age, The Humanist (January/February 1983): 26 Teaching Creation: Child Abuse and Terrorism? Sure, it is mild child abuseWe need to encourage our children to question freely and try to think for themselves. Anything we do that counters that is unfair to themIf youre introducing it as reality, if youre telling your kids the world is 6,000 years old, and they shouldnt believe scientists because there is no way humans are related to other animals, and dont believe any of that stuff you learned in school, or take your kids of out of school because they are learning something, then it is like the Taliban at some level, which is an extreme form of child abuse...The Taliban doesnt want girls to be educated or people to be educated because if they do theyll understand the myths that they are learning are crap. Lawrence Krauss, ASU Physics Professor, www.youtube.com/watch?v=K_ZDH5JzgPY

Do Children Belong to Their Parents? We have never invested as much in public education as we should have because we've always had kind of a private notion of children. Your kid is yours and totally your responsibility. We haven't had a very collective notion of these are our children. So part of it is we have to break through our kind of private idea that kids belong to their parents, or kids belong to their families, and recognize that kids belong to whole communities. Melissa Harris Perry, MSNBC host www.youtube.com/watch?v=N3qtpdSQox0 Kimberly A. Yuracko There must be legal and constitutional limits on the ability of homeschooling parents to teach their children idiosyncratic and illiberal beliefs and values... [Government control must be exercised against] parents [who] want to teach against the enlightenment. ...Parental control over childrens basic education flows from the state (rather than visa versa).

States delegate power over childrens basic education to parents. . . . Kimberly A. Yuracko, Education Off the Grid, California Law Review 96 (February 2008) (She is a professor at the Northwestern University School of Law) This essay explores the choice many traditionalist Christian parents (both fundamentalist and evangelical) make to leave public schools in order to teach their children at home, thus in most instances escaping meaningful oversight....society need not and should not tolerate the inculcation of absolutist views that undermine toleration of difference....If a parent subscribes to an absolutist belief system premised on the notion that it was handed down by a creator, that it (like the Ten Commandments) is etched in stone and that all other systems are wrong, the essential lessons of a civic education...often seem deeply challenging and suspect....Such private truths have no place in the public arena, including the public schools. Catherine Ross, Fundamentalist Challenges to Core Democratic Values: Exit and Homeschooling, William and Mary Bill of Rights Journal 18 (May 2010) (She is professor at George Washington Law School)

The risk that parents or private schools unfairly impose hierarchical or oppressive beliefs on their children is magnified by the absence of state oversight or the application of any particular educational standards....Public education should be mandatory and universal. Martha Fineman and Karen Worthington, What is Right for Children? The Competing Paradigms of Religion and Human Rights (Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing Co., 2009). Chapter 1 Outline Daniels circumstances (1:1-2)

Daniels selection (1:3-7) Daniels dedication (1:8-16) Daniels blessing (1:17-21) Daniels Dedication (1:8-16) First round (1:8-10) Daniels resolve (1:8a)

Daniels request (1:8b) Commanders response (1:9-10) Second round (1:11-16) Daniels request (1:11-13) Commanders response (1:14) Results (1:15-16)

Daniels Dedication (1:8-16) First round (1:8-10) Daniels resolve (1:8a) Daniels request (1:8b) Commanders response (1:9-10) Second round (1:11-16)

Daniels request (1:11-13) Commanders response (1:14) Results (1:15-16) Daniels Dedication (1:8-16) First round (1:8-10) Daniels resolve (1:8a)

Daniels request (1:8b) Commanders response (1:9-10) Second round (1:11-16) Daniels request (1:11-13) Commanders response (1:14) Results (1:15-16)

Chapter 1 Outline Daniels circumstances (1:1-2) Daniels selection (1:3-7) Daniels dedication (1:8-16) Daniels blessing (1:17-21) The 4 Jewish Youths Rise to Favor (1:17-21)

Their God given knowledge (1:17) 1Cor 2:14, James 1:5 Their exam before the king (1:18-20) The length of their service (1:21) The 4 Jewish Youths Rise to Favor (1:17-21) Their God given knowledge (1:17) 1Cor 2:14, James 1:5 Their exam before the king (1:18-20)

The length of their service (1:21) The 4 Jewish Youths Rise to Favor (1:17-21) Their God given knowledge (1:17) 1Cor 2:14, James 1:5 Their exam before the king (1:18-20) The length of their service (1:21) The 4 Jewish Youths Rise

to Favor (1:17-21) Their God given knowledge (1:17) 1Cor 2:14, James 1:5 Their exam before the king (1:18-20) The length of their service (1:21) The 4 Jewish Youths Rise to Favor (1:17-21) The length of their service (1:21)

Nebuchadnezzars initial siege (605) Decree of Cyrus (536) Daniel served for 69 years Daniel served through 2 gentile empires and 4 successive gentile administrations Basic Chronology Babylon (605539)

Nebuchadnezzar Belshazzar Media-Persia (538536) Darius Cyrus Conclusion Chapter 1 Outline

Daniels circumstances (1:1-2) Daniels selection (1:3-7) Daniels dedication (1:8-16) Daniels blessing (1:17-21)

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