Drivers Education

Drivers Education

Drivers Education Chapter 12 Driving in Adverse Conditions Reduced Visibility Slow down and give yourself more time. Scan in and around your path of travel. Predict others will make maneuvers into your path of travel. Make maneuvers gently to maintain control so that others know what you are doing.

Your Vehicles Windows Keep them clean! If windows fog up Turn on front and rear defrosters. Use air conditioning/ heater if it will help. Open window if needed. Sun Glare At times the sun can create severe and

blinding glare conditions. Sun visors can help, but avoid looking directly into the sun. Having headlights on can help other drivers see you. Be prepared for other divers not to see your signals. Headlights Use high-beam lights to see

further down the road. Only use high-beams when the vehicle in front of you is more than mile ahead. High beams are for open country driving when no other drivers are in sight. Switch to low-beams the instant you see headlights of oncoming traffic. Switch to low-beams if a vehicle passes you. Use low-beam headlights in bad

weather, high-beams will reflect the light back at you. Meeting Other Vehicles If a driver fails to use lowbeams: Briefly flick your headlights to remind the driver to switch to low-beams. Slow, and look to the right edge of the road and follow the white line. Look ahead with quick glances to check for traffic.

Do not stare directly into high-beams. Overdriving Headlights Overdriving Headlights means driving at a speed that makes your stopping distance longer than the distance lighted by your headlights.

Fog When your headlights shine into fog, light is reflected back by water particles. Always use low-beams. Fog can reduce ability to judge distance. Cars may be closer than you think. Thick fog can be very dangerous, you may want to pull over and park on the side of the road.

Rain Keep windshield clear by using wipers. If wipers are on your headlights must be on. If the rain is so heavy that you can not see, pull over and find a place to sit out the storm. Snow

Snow can reduce vision, cover roadway markings, and make steering more difficult. Slush and snow can build on wipers. In blizzard conditions you do not want to be stranded in the middle of nowhere. If weather is bad, try to delay travel until road and weather improve.

Snow The combination of snow, slushly water, and ice can make very slippery surfaces. Gentle acceleration, steering, and braking are the keys to driving in the snow. To improve traction you can put chains on your tires. (Nov.15-April 1) Rocking a Vehicle can help move you out of deep snow, mud, or sand by moving forward and back.

You must also remove snow and ice from the top of you vehicle True...look what can happen Drivers who use these tires or chains are hoping to avoid situations like this Reduced Traction Hydroplaning when tires contact with the road by

rising up on the top of the water. Occurs about 35 mph in as little as 1/12 inch deep water. If you must go through standing water slow down below 35 mph. What to do if your car begins to hydroplane Reduced Traction Deep Water when you

dont know how deep water is, dont driver through it. If you must, try to estimate the depth. If there is any possibility it will reach the bottom of your car do not enter. Drive slow and ride the brake. Test brakes after you get through the puddle. Ice

Be alert if temperatures are below freezing for ice. Squeeze brakes in icy areas to check traction. Ice on Bridges bridges will freeze before other roadway surfaces. Black Ice thin sheets of ice on the road surface that is hard to see. Other Reduced Traction Situations

Gravel Roads loose gravel on roads can act like marbles under your tires and cause a skid. Leaves wet leaves on the road can decrease traction and reduce your stopping and steering control. Construction Area equipment can leave mud, dirt, and sand on the road.

Skidding Skid when you tires lose their grip on the road. Skidding can happen during braking, accelerating, or steering. Early detection is the best defense to control skidding. Lets see what to do when your car is skidding Skidding Over-Power Skid this is when you apply to much power to the driver wheels. Over-Braking Skid this is

when you apply the brakes to hard and the car does not have ABS. Front Wheel Skid this is when you go into a turn and the front wheels want to say straight. Rear-Wheel Skid this is when the rear wheels move right/left off target. Avoiding Skidding Slow ahead of time before curves to

avoid skids in curves. If you do skid in a curve you may skid of the road surface. Accelerate and brake gently. ABS will allow you to stop quickly and steering without skidding. Controlled Braking Controlled Braking to reduce your speed as quickly as possible while maintaining steering control of you vehicle. Press the brake pedal will the

ball of your foot hard enough to stop the vehicle quickly. If the wheels lock up, ease up on the brake pedal just enough for the wheels begin rolling again. Keep using the squeeze relax process until the vehicle stops. Lets see how speed affects braking distance Brake Failure

What To Do: -Shift to a lower gear (3rd, 2nd, 1st) -Pump brake pedal hard and fast (This may build pressure enough to stop the car) What To Do if Pumping Fails: -The driver should use the parking brake while also holding the brake release. Look for a safe place to stop off the roadway

ABS ABS(anti-lock braking system) prevents wheels from locking up and skidding when stopping. You may feel a pulse when the ABS is working, but do not let up on the brake pedal. This will allow you to stop more quickly and

steer while stopping. Wind When strong wind is blowing, you may need to apply extra steering in the direction of the wind. You may experience this when drive out of a tunnel or over a bridge. The wind will move a large vehicle more than

a smaller one. Hot Weather Hot weather can cause your vehicle to overheat. Watch your temperature gauge to make your engine is not to hot. If engine is overheating, you can put the heat on or pull over and let the vehicle cool down. Never remove the

radiator cap on a hot engine. Cold Weather Be alert for exhaust leaks make sure you have a source of fresh air coming into the vehicle. Do not race a cold engine this will increase wear on the engine. Do not set your parking brake ice or slush can

freeze on your brake while the vehicle is parked. Weather Driving Tips Look and listen for traffic reports. Keep you windows clear. Respect lower speeds. Keep a safe following distance. Try to keep moving in snow. Clear off snow from the hood, roof, and trunk.

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