Developing a School Food Safety Program

Developing a School Food Safety Program

Developing a School Food Safety Program John Walker JTAK Food Safety www.jtakfoodsafety.com Objectives Regulation HACCP and its principles Process Approach

Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) Developing your Food Safety program The Requirement The Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004 requires school food authorities (SFAs) to implement a food safety program for the preparation and service of school meals served to children in the school year beginning July 1st, 2005. The program must be based on Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) principles and conform to guidance issued by the Department of Agriculture (USDA). All SFAs must have a fully implemented food safety program that

complies with HACCP principles or with this optional guidance no later than the end of the 2005-2006 school year. What? HACCP is a food safety management system Proactive vs Reactive Minimize risk of hazards in a food preparation process

Food manufacturers vs retail food Process Approach developed by FDA (for retail food) Highly Susceptible Populations "Highly susceptible population" means PERSONS who are more likely than other people in the general population to experience foodborne disease because they are: (1) Immunocompromised; preschool age children, or older adults; and (2) Obtaining FOOD at a facility that provides services such as custodial care, health care, or assisted living, such as a child or adult day care center, kidney dialysis center, hospital or nursing home, or nutritional or socialization services such as a senior center

How much difference in immune system between a 4 year old and a 6 year old? HACCP First developed for the Apollo space program Pillsbury, US Army Labs, and NASA Required now for certain food processors (juice, seafood, meat a& poultry)

FSMA will make required for all food processors in future (HARPC) Food Safety Program Written plan for each individual school (similar operations) Based on HACCP principles Include Sanitation

Temperature control Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) Definitions Hazard Analysis Review a process to determine risks Control Measures Result in risk reduction

Critical Control Points (CCPs) Step in a process that is essential to food safety Critical Limits Measurable parameter, usually time and/or temperature Process Approach Method of grouping menu items into 3 separate categories Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) Written instructions for a food service task to reduce food safety hazards

Types of Hazards Hazards specific to the preparation of the food Non-specific hazards that affect all foods Biological Chemical

Physical A good food safety management program controls both Specific and Non-specific hazards Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) Pre-requisite program Foundation of HACCP

Step by Step written instructions for routine food service tasks Some templates provided by USDA, NFSMI, ADEC Other Prerequisite Programs Employee training Preventive Maintenance

Employee illness policy Supplier/Vendor requirements Food Allergen program SOPs needed Including but not limited to:

Personal hygiene Employee illness Receiving Transport Cleaning & Sanitizing

Temperature Monitoring Thawing, Cooking, Cooling, & Reheating Principles of HACCP Hazard analysis Critical Control Points

Critical Limits Monitoring Corrective Actions Verification/Validation Recordkeeping/Documentation

These principles are built into the Process Approach Assemble your team Process Approach All menu items can be lumped together in 3 broad categories Food kept cold from preparation through service Prepared hot and served the same day hot

Food prepared hot and served cooled, or possibly reheated. Process Flow Diagrams A map of the sequence of steps followed to prepare a menu item (or group of menu items) Can be used for groups of recipes Receive Store

Prep Serve Identifying Critical Control Points USDA recipes provide some Critical Control Points Cooking Hot Holding

Cooling Perform a hazard analysis on each step in your process to identify high risk hazards and where in the process they can be controlled. Process #1 No Cook Cold holding temperature Time as a public health control Process #2 Same Day Service

Cooking Hot holding Time as a public health control Process #3 Complex Food Preparation Cooking

Cooling Hot or cold holding Time as a public health control Reheating for hot holding Grouping Exercise

Critical Limits A critical limit is a boundary which separates safe food from unsafe food. A measurable value, such as time and/or temperature Same CCP, different CL Monitoring Planned observation and documentation of Critical Limits What should be monitored

When should the monitoring take place How to measure (what equipment to use) Who should be doing the monitoring Corrective Actions Actions to take if a critical limit is not met (or exceeded)

Pre-determined actions should be included in your HACCP plan Always two parts to a corrective action: How do we keep unsafe food from being served to our students? How do we fix the root cause of the problem? Dont be afraid to use and document corrective actions! Recordkeeping

What records are we generating in this HACCP plan? How did we develop the HACCP plan (HACCP team, written hazard analysis, selection of CCPs) You can use pre-existing records Receiving temperature on invoice

Production log Types of Records Records documenting SOPs Time and temperature monitoring records Corrective action records Calibration records

Training logs Receiving logs Verification or review of records Verification/Validation These activities help us confirm that our HACCP plan is working

How do I know my thermometer is right? Management review of records Any reoccurring issues? Review and revise HACCP plan at least annually New equipment

New menu items Inspection results Employee training Initial training On-going training throughout the school year

Annual training on food safety principles New hire training, including substitutes and volunteers Maintain training records For more information SOP templates

NFSMI SOP templates - http://www.nfsmi.org/ResourceOverview.aspx?ID=75 NFSMI SOP creator - http://sop.nfsmi.org/ ADEC Active Managerial Control (includes Wizard) - http:// dec.alaska.gov/eh/fss/Food/AMC/AMC_Home.html USDA Guidance http://www.nfsmi.org/resourceoverview.aspx?ID=57

Questions, Comment, Concerns? John Walker JTAK Food Safety PO Box 3606 Soldotna, AK 99669 [email protected] www.jtakfoodsafety.com

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