Deductive vs Inductive Reasoning - TomRichey.net

Deductive vs Inductive Reasoning - TomRichey.net

Deductive Inductive Reasoning VS DEDUCTIVE REASONING Aristotle (Ancient Greek Philosopher)

Start with a premise Premises lead to a certain conclusion INDUCTIVE REASONING Sir Francis Bacon (17th Century English Philosopher)

Make repeated observations INDUCTIVE REASONING Sir Francis Bacon (17th Century English Philosopher) Novum Organum

vs A willingness to challenge ancient authorities GENERALIZATION INDUCTIVE DEDUCTIVE Bottom Up

Top Down SPECIFIC INSTANCE GENERALIZATION y n a m t

a h t e t o INDUCTIVE N l l i

DEDUCTIVE erts w exp s a s i h t e c n

u o n e d SPECIFIC aINSTANCE n on Bottom Up Top Down

Conclusio ns are drawn from PREMISES. Start With DEDUCTIVE Some rights reserved by

Kurt Raschke PREMISES TOP DOWN LOGIC Some rights reserved by Kurt Raschke Start With

PREMISES Deductive Reasoning Premises Lead to a Certain Conclusion Premises Conclusion All men are

mortal. Socrates is a man. Therefore, Deductive Reasoning Premises Lead to a Certain Conclusion Premises

What thinks must exist. I am thinking. Conclusion Therefore,

I exist. Deductive Reasoning Premises Lead to a Certain Conclusion Premises Conclusion Good

students pass exams. Blake is a good student. Therefore, Deductive Reasoning Premises Lead to a Certain

Conclusion If the n o i s u l conc is

1.All men are mortal. 2.Socrates is a man. Therefore, Deductive Reasoning Premises Lead to a Certain Conclusion

Then check you r If theMI E R n o P i s

u l conc SisES 1.All men are mortal. 2.Socrates is a man. Therefore,

Conclusio ns are drawn from several observation INDUCTIVE s. Some rights reserved by Kurt Raschke

Start With OBSERVATIONS Start With OBSERVATIONS EMPIRICISM Some rights reserved by Kurt Raschke CONNECT

THE DOTS The more data, the greater the probability of the conclusion CONNECT THE DOTS The more

data, the greater the probability of the conclusion CONNECT THE DOTS The more data, the greater the

probability of the conclusion CONNECT THE DOTS The more data, the greater the probability of the

conclusion CONNECT THE DOTS The more data, the greater the probability of the conclusion

CONNECT THE DOTS The more data, the greater the probability of the conclusion The Problem of Induction

David Hume Skeptical Scotsman The sun always rises in the East Photo by Thangaraj Kumarave All swans are white. Photo by Dani Vzque

All of the swans Ive seen are white. Photo by Dani Vzque DIFFERING GOALS Deductive Reasoning

Inductive Reasoning Certainty Probability THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD An ongoing process of

induction and Graphic Credit: ArchonMagnu

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