Cultural Landscape: Folk Housing - Mrs. Patterson's AP HUG
Cultural Landscape: Folk Housing AP Human Geography By Ms. McAlister Career Center High Cultural Landscape a characteristic and
tangible outcome of the complex interactions between a human group and the natural environment BUILT LANDSCAPE - an area of land represented by its features and patterns of human occupation and use of natural
resources Geographer Carl Sauer Cultural Landscape Two major questions guide this field 1. How does space, place, and landscape
shape culture? 2. How does culture shape space, place, and landscape? As you think about food, sport, housing traditions consider these questions. Dont forget to view built landscape
differently than cultural landscape! Cultural Geography Folk Housing According to Jean
Brunhes, folk housing is based on the influence of one's environment. Buildings erected
without architect or blueprint diffuses slowly through migration clustered distributions
isolation/lack of interaction breeds uniqueness Folk Culture: deep connection to environment/sacred space see
note: Iceland Folk Housing Fred Kniffen said that housing was a good
reflection of cultural heritage, fashion, functions and the environment: Housing is influenced by: 1. building materials available Ex) log cabins, sod homes, adobe homes versus popular housing which will move the material and architecture
without emphasis on environment. 2. social /environmental customs of the people Example: A hogans door faces east so that the first rays of the rising sun enter the home.
Fred Kniffen identified three hearths (nodes or origins). They are New England, Middle Atlantic, Lower Chesapeake. These homes were created when people arrived in the U.S. to the 1800s. When they migrated they took the style with
them (environment providing) Georgian Style home -- Folk Housing in the U.S.
New England - Saltbox, Two Chimney, Cape Cod, and Front Wing and Gable. These spread as far as Wisconsin because settled by people from New
England. Kitchen in the center or two chimney to spread warmth Types of Folk Houses Built from local
materials Built based in a style representative to a historical period or based on a tradition brought
from a homeland Varies greatly from region to region What makes it folk? Middle Atlantic I House spread from PA
and Delaware to Midwest; also the Swiss German Barn Lower Chesapeake Chesapeake Bay, Maryland and Virginia to down the coast. Comprised of one-story with steep roof and chimney at either end. Kitchen in the
basement or under topsoil for keeping cool Salt Box House Two Chimney
Chimney two flume for double side keep warmth spread throughout or some actually had two single flume chimneys. Cape Cod
Colonial Cape Cod Front Wing and Gable More front wing and gabled
homes Midwest (many New England styles also came to the Midwest due to migration, aka. Relocation diffusion)
I-House Central hallway, THE house to build during western expansion through Illinois, Ohio. Iowa Southern
I-House in Aiken, SC Tidewater House in Virginia Beach
Shotgun House (Southern Tradition) Primarily African-American during and after Reconstruction: sharecropping/tenant farming What are housing styles in
popular culture like? Distribution of Folk and Popular Housing U.S. Popular Housing Since mid-twentieth century, houses display popular culture rather than regional influences.
Most people no longer build their own houses but instead are mass-produced by construction companies. Houses show the influence of shapes, materials, detailing, and other features of architectural style in vogue at any one point in time.
Modern houses you can argue are are folk: http://www.citylab.com/housing/2012/04/evolution-american-drea m-colonial-times-today/1862/
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