Cracked tooth Diagnosis and management - WordPress.com

Cracked tooth Diagnosis and management - WordPress.com

46 years old doctor, intermittent pain in lower right quadrant when chewing. No caries or periodontal pathology, yet the lower first molar responded negative to vitality testing. Lower second molar root

canal treated since 6 months. Shows favorable healing and satisfactory obturation. At the 6 years recall, deep

distal pocket and vertical bone loss (arrows). CRACKED TOOTH

Diagnosis AND Management What are teeth crack?

Etiology of cracks. Types of teeth cracks. How to diagnose such cracks. Management of teeth cracks.

A fracture plane of unknown depth and direction passing through tooth structure that, if not already involving, may progress to communicate with the pulp and/or periodontal ligament.

In patients aged between 30 years and 60 years. Men = women. Mandibular second molars > mandibular first molars > maxillary premolars.

Usually mesio-distal orientation but may run buccolingually in mandibular molars. 10% of the population, 15% resulting in pulpal involvement or extraction. 35% of fractures occurred in caries and

restoration free teeth. Etiology of cracks Naturally occurring causes such as bruxism, clenching and severe attrition.

Iatrogenic causes such as excessive tooth structure removal. Types of tooth cracks

Craze lines Visible fractures that only involve enamel Fractured cusps Usually originate in the crown, extend into

dentin, and end in the cervical region. Fractured distolingual cusp

Fractured palatal cusp Cracked tooth

A crack extending from the occlusal surface of the tooth apically without separation of the two segments (incomplete fracture). Split tooth

A crack that extends through both marginal ridges usually in a mesiodistal direction, splitting the tooth completely into two separate segments.

Vertical root fracture A complete or incomplete crack initiated from the root at any level, usually directed buccolingually.

Diagnosis of cracks Often presents a diagnostic dilemma to the dentist and a painful, frustrating event to the patient, 20% of patients presenting with diagnostic uncertainties to

endodontists were eventually diagnosed with teeth cracks. Patient complaints

Bite test Tooth Slooth Wedging

Magnification Transillumination. Staining.

Restoration removal. Surgical assessment. Radiographs.

Management of teeth cracks The severity and consequences of the fracture can range from minor, needing no treatment at all, to severe, resulting in root canal therapy (RCT), or even tooth loss.

Treatment planning depending upon the amount of remaining tooth structure. Affected tooth part removed and defect restored. Root canal treatment or vital pulp therapy is only

necessary in the event that the crack affects the pulp chamber or has resulted in irreversible pulpitis or pulp necrosis. Craze line: no treatment warranted.

Fractured cusps: affected cusp removed, RCT if pulp involved, bonded tooth restoration. Cracked tooth: depends on location and extent of crack, RCT if pulp involved. Full

crown or onlay. Poor prognosis. Split tooth: depends on depth of fracture, usually extraction. Vertical root fracture: removal of fractured

root or extraction. Prognosis of teeth The location and extent of the crack. Anatomy of the tooth and roots.

Previous operative/restorative history of the tooth. Functional forces applied to the tooth (during both functional and parafunctional activity).

Loss of vitality. Endodontically treated cracked teeth have been shown to display a relatively high failure rate of 14.5% after an evaluation

period of two years. It has been reported that approximately 20% of teeth with cracked tooth syndrome will require root canal therapy.

46 years old doctor, intermittent pain in lower right quadrant when chewing. No caries or periodontal pathology, yet the lower first molar responded negative to vitality testing.

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