CMT 2360-Building Codes and Inspections

CMT 2360-Building Codes and Inspections

Construction Accounting and Financial Management Chapter 1 Construction Financial Management Construction Accounting & Financial Management, 3/e Steven Peterson 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All Rights Reserved Why do Construction Companies Fail? Ineffective financial management systems Lines of credit constantly borrowed to the limits

Poor estimating and/or job cost reporting Poor project management No comprehensive business plan Communication problems Surety Information Office, Why Do Contractors Fail?, downloaded from http://www.sio.org/html/whyfail.html downloaded on April 3, 2003 . Construction Accounting & Financial Management, 3/e Steven Peterson 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All Rights Reserved What is Financial Management?

Financial management is the use of a companys financial resources Financial resources include: Cash Assetssuch as equipment Construction Accounting & Financial Management, 3/e Steven Peterson 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All Rights Reserved Why Is Construction Financial Management Different?

Project oriented: Greater variety of projects (products) Harder to determine the cost of projects Cannot stockpile completed work for future use Greater need for detailed job cost accounting Construction Accounting & Financial Management, 3/e Steven Peterson 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All Rights Reserved Why Is Construction Financial Management Different? Decentralized:

Payment terms: Must track equipment Progress payments Retention Heavy use of subcontractors Construction Accounting & Financial Management, 3/e Steven Peterson 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All Rights Reserved Who Is Responsible for Construction Management?

Owners General Managers CFO (Chief Financial Officer) Estimators Project Managers Superintendents Construction Accounting & Financial Management, 3/e

Steven Peterson 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All Rights Reserved What Does a Financial Manager Do? Accounting for financial resources Managing costs and profits Managing cash flows Choosing among financial alternatives Construction Accounting & Financial Management, 3/e

Steven Peterson 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All Rights Reserved Accounting for Financial Resources Making sure costs are accurately tracked through the accounting system Ensuring that the construction accounting system is functioning properly Projecting the costs at completion for the individual projects, including unbilled committed costs

Determining whether the individual projects are over- or underbilled Construction Accounting & Financial Management, 3/e Steven Peterson 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All Rights Reserved Accounting for Financial Resources Making sure that the needed financial statements have been prepared Reviewing the financial statements: Inline with the rest of the industry Identify potential financial problems before they

become a crisis Construction Accounting & Financial Management, 3/e Steven Peterson 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All Rights Reserved Managing Costs and Profits Controlling project costs Monitoring project and company profitability Setting labor burden markups Developing and tracking general overhead

budgets Construction Accounting & Financial Management, 3/e Steven Peterson 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All Rights Reserved Managing Costs and Profits Setting the minimum profit margin for use in bidding Analyzing the profitability of different parts of the company and making the necessary changes to improve profitability Monitoring the profitability of different customers and making the necessary

marketing changes to improve profitability Construction Accounting & Financial Management, 3/e Steven Peterson 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All Rights Reserved Manage Cash Flows Matching the use of in-house labor and subcontractors to the cash available for use on a project Ensuring that the company has sufficient cash to take on an additional project Preparing an income tax projection for the company

Construction Accounting & Financial Management, 3/e Steven Peterson 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All Rights Reserved Manage Cash Flows Preparing and updating annual cash flow projections for the company Arranging for financing to cover the needs of the construction company Construction Accounting & Financial Management, 3/e Steven Peterson 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All Rights Reserved

Choosing among Financial Alternatives Selecting which equipment to purchase Deciding which area of the business to invest the companys limited resources Construction Accounting & Financial Management, 3/e Steven Peterson 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All Rights Reserved

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