Chapter 14 Lesson 1

Chapter 14 Lesson 1

Santa Maria Nina Pinta CHAPTER 14 LESSON 1 The First Americans

Understand Objectives how geography defined where/ when people settled in the Americas. How early people arrived and settled in the Americas.

Discuss the role of farming in the creation of new civilizations. Key Terms: Maize, ISTHMUS, Continent, voyage, colonize, venture, resist, native, ambitious, abandoned Geography

of the Americas The Americas stretch from north to south nearly 11,000 miles! It runs from the Arctic to the Tierra del Fuego

There are four geographical areas of the Americas: North America, South America, Central America and the Caribbean. The

two continents make up most of the Americas- Central America is an ISTHMUS. ISTHMUS How would you describe an isthmus? The Panama Canal The Panama

Canal Click here to watch animated video The Panama Canal The Panama Canal

The Panama Canal The Panama Canal The Panama Canal Towering Mountains In the western parts, mountains run along

the spine of both Continents. In North America, you find the Rocky Mountains to the west and in the east, the Appalachians. In South America, you have the worlds longest mountain range, the Andes.

Rolling Plains North America has many coastal and inland plains. (The Great Plains) South America has the Amazon Basin- the worlds largest rain forest is found there.

The Pampas and other grasslands are also found in South America. Rushing Rivers Large river systems are found in the Americas.

They begin in the mountain ranges and then flow through plains towards the oceans. Today the waterways of the Americas transport people, goods and ideas. In

North America, the longest river is the Mississippi. In South America, the longest river is the Amazon. Settling the Americas People

have many theories on how prehistoric people first arrived to the Americas. With the last Ice Age, there was a lower sea level, so continents were larger and land was more connected. Scientists

think people may have crossed over a land bridge from Asia to the Americas. Others argue the first Americans may have Settling the Americas, continued As

they settled and moved around to other areas, Native Americans developed their own myths, or stories about their origins. Early on, these Americans survived by living in small groups and moving from place to place to find food. They

used natural resources in their environment to survive. As Settling the Americas, continued the Ice Age ended, the climate got

warmer. People learned to plant seeds of grains and other plants. The earliest farming areas were in Mesoamerica and the Andes in South America.

MAIZE Maize is known in some English-speaking countries as corn, it is a large grain plant domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica in prehistoric times. The leafy stalk produces ears which contain the grain, which are seeds called kernels. Maize kernels are used in cooking as a starch. The Olmec and Mayans

cultivated it in numerous varieties throughout Mesoamerica, cooked, ground or processed. Beginning about 2500 BC, the crop spread through much of the Americas. The region developed a trade network based on surplus and varieties of maize crops. After European contact with the Americas in the late 15th and early 16th centuries, explorers and traders carried maize back to Europe and introduced it to other countries. Maize spread to the rest of the world because of its ability to grow in diverse climates.

Corn - Maize Use this map for your Classwork City Panama Canal Cit

y Colombi Pacific Ocean Atlantic Ocean Essay Quiz- Answer all questions

with a smart paragraph. What is the Old and New World? 2. How did Maize get to the Old World? 3. What were the main European motives behind exploration of the New World? 4. What was The Colombian Exchange? 5. What does Pre-colombian mean or refer to? 1.

Foldable Activity Create a Foldable with the following Early Native American Cultures: OLMEC, ZAPOTEC, MAYA,CHAVIN, HOHOKAM, ANASAZI AND MOUND BUILDERS List

Try at least three facts for each. to include details about their location and achievements.

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