Chapter 1

Chapter 1

Which one is Sisyphus A B C 1. A

2. B 3. C Mean = What kind of hero does Albert Camus call Sisyphus?

44% 32% 24% 1. 2.

3. 4. extraordinary sacred profane absurd

0% 1 Mean = 2.84 2 3

4 Myth as a Sisyphean Task Homer on Sisyphus (Odyssey xi.593-600): and I saw Sisyphus in violent torment, seeking to raise a monstrous stone with both his hands. [Verily he would brace himself with hands and feet, and thrust the stone toward the crest

of a hill, but as often as he was about to heave it over the top, the weight would turn it back, and then down again to the plain would come rolling the ruthless stone. But he would strain again and thrust it back, and the sweat [600] flowed down from his limbs, and dust rose up from his head. Sisyphus in Art

Name vase of the Underworld Painter (Munich) Camus Absurd Hero Alt Linux Sisyphus http://www.altlinux.com/index.php?module=sisyphus

Sisyphus Gaming The constant cycle of hardware upgrades and more complex games can leave a gamer feeling like the legendary Sisyphus. Simon Abramovitch in Escapist Magazine The fact is, technology will always be moving forward, keeping the cycle running fluidly, trapping high-road gamers into a never-ending struggle for more, ringing the familiar bells of the perennially

dissatisfied middle-class American. Buy, consume, then buy some more. The case is like that of the mythical Sisyphus, eternally pushing a stone up a mountain slope, whence the stone falls back under its own weight, and the climb begins anew. That high road can perhaps be likened to this slope, with the endless cycle of renewed and heightened expectations

keeping any end inevitably unreachable. Perhaps, as with our look back at early games, there is indeed wisdom in classics. http://www.sisyphusproductions.com Franz von Stuck 1863-1928

The Redemption of Sisyphus Watercolor Drawing, 1999 by American artist Ilene Winn-Lederer Stills Stephen Lyrics - Myth Of Sisyphus (Stephen Stills, Kenny Passarelli Lyrics (1975) Are you leavin' Bein' alone

Always made you so sad I got memories of the city Followin' me everywhere I go Are you mad with heartache Got a country home And you a Parisienne Gonna take all your sorrows Right along with you when I'm gone

And I got to go away Only need a couple of days I got one more chance to sing it And I ain't gon' waste my time 'Cause everything including you Is on the line Are you troubled Feelin' bad

And no one seems to care Got the myth of Sisyphus Fallin' on you like a rolling stone Yet Do I Marvel by Countee Cullen (1903-1946) Yet Do I Marvel by Countee Cullen

I doubt not God is good, well-meaning, kind, And did He stoop to quibble could tell why The little buried mole continues blind, Why flesh that mirrors Him must someday die, Make plain the reason tortured Tantalus Is baited by the fickle fruit, declare If merely brute caprice dooms Sisyphus To struggle up a never-ending stair.

Inscrutable His ways are, and immune To catechism by a mind too strewn With petty cares to slightly understand What awful brain compels His awful hand. Yet do I marvel at this curious thing: To make a poet black, and bid him sing. Yet Do I Marvel

by Countee Cullen I doubt not God is good, well-meaning, kind, And did He stoop to quibble could tell why The little buried mole continues blind, Why flesh that mirrors Him must someday die, Make plain the reason tortured Tantalus Is baited by the fickle fruit, declare If merely brute caprice dooms Sisyphus

To struggle up a never-ending stair. Inscrutable His ways are, and immune To catechism by a mind too strewn With petty cares to slightly understand What awful brain compels His awful hand. Yet do I marvel at this curious thing: To make a poet black, and bid him sing.

Types of Myth Where does Sisyphus fit? ordinary extraordinary extraodinary

mortal mortal immortal human hero

god folktale legend myth

Mrchen saga http://department.monm.edu/classics/Courses/Clas230/MythDocuments/types_o f_myth.htm

Myths and Folktales MYTH specific characters, often superhuman lack of ordinary logic unpredictable sequence of events due especially to supernatural elements element of seriousness

deals with timeless past FOLKTALE generic characters, usually ordinary logical progression of events use of ingenuity kind of wish-fulfilment fantasy

reflect simple social situations element of entertainment historical time http://department.monm.edu/classics/Courses/Clas230/MythDocuments/myth_and_fo lktale.htm Folktale Themes

The process of METAMORPHOSIS The Unwanted Child who Survives The Wicked Step-mother/Step-envy The Wicked Uncle The Rival Brothers The Curse on a Family The Curse and the Vendetta The Son's Responsibilities to his Father

The Son's Search for his Father The Acquisition of Maturity The Offense against a God or Goddess and its Consequences The Unavoidable Truth of the Oracle The recognition Sign or the Test of Identity The Gift of the Culture Hero The Hero's Quest The Test of the Hero through Perils or Temptation (of

irresponsibility, sensuality, violence) The Search for Immortality/the Conquest of Death/ the Descent to the Underworld/ the Harrowing of Hell Finding what is lost Freeing the Oppressed The Man who Returns The Hero's Betrayal of the Princess Rescue of the Princess

Rescue by the Heroine (Women to the Rescue) A Woman's Web A Woman's Wit The Revenge of the Woman Scorned The Danger of the Feminine Civilization versus Chaos--Justice vs. Injustice--Love vs. Hate The Suitor Contest

The Theft of the Bride The Deathly Wedding or the Fatal Marriage The Foundation Legend The Symbol upon which a Life Depends (Life Token) The Symbol upon which a City's Safety Depends The Unwanted or Unlucky Gift The Magical garment The Fatal Choice The Never-ending Punishment

The Impossible Task The "Happily-ever-after" Ending Divine hostility/ Divine favor The Magic Spell or Charm The Hero's Loss of favor with his People and/or the Gods Mysterious Death of the Hero Apotheosis of the Hero (Deification) Ingenious Device or Trick

Disobedient Child or Spouse Harmful Curiosity The Solution of a riddle The breaking of a taboo/disobedience to divine instructions The skilled craftsman or possessor of a special talent Intelligence versus Brute Strength The Accidental Murder of a near relative

Why is Myth a Sisyphean Task?

Diversity of Narratives Diversity of Media Diversity of Truth (History vs. Fiction) Diversity of Versions Diversity of Belief (Religion vs. Myth) Diversity of Geography

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