CAP 2013 G1000 VFR Pilot Overview - williamjdoylejr.net
Civil Air Patrol New Jersey Wing G1000 Presentation For VFR Pilots Overview Maj William J. Doyle, Jr. Civil Air Patrol, New Jersey Wing, StanEval Officer Check Pilot Examiner / Check Pilot / Instructor-Pilot CFI A&I, AGI, IGI, CFAI, FAAST Rep (PHL) 20 NOV 2015 NHQ G1000 Training Structure NHQ Training Philosophy
o Minimize risks associated with over-dependency on automation o Emphasize eyes outside the cockpit and hands-on flying skills G1000 VFR Pilot same structure for ground and flying o Emphasis on cross-country navigation, diversions, system use o Module #1 system (knobology) and hands-on flying o Module #2 use of the autopilot G1000 IFR Pilot same structure for ground and flying o Emphasis on instrument techniques: enroute, holds, and approaches (VOR, ILS, GPS/RNAV) o Module #1 system (knobology) and hands-on flying o Module #2 use of the autopilot
Instructor Ground Course Training Matrix Preparation for Instruction Overview of Horizontal Situation Indicators (HSIs) Many CAP pilots are unfamiliar with the HSI. Bendix-King PNI 525 Tutorial #049.pdf Bendix-King PNI 525 Tutorial #066.pdf Century NSD1000 HSI 68S85.pdf Wikipedia Horizontal Situation Indicator Overview of Technologically Advanced Aircraft (TAAs) The links below are to FAA Safety Seminars on TAAs and GPS
http://williamjdoylejr.net/FAAST/TAA.ppt http://williamjdoylejr.net/FAAST/gps.ppt Overview of VFR G1000 Ground Course Course Overview NHQ intends that all ground instruction will be face-to-face The VFR G1000 Ground Course will be a full day course VFR Ground Course and Flight Scenarios G1000 VFR Ground Course Module #1 101 slides G1000 VFR Ground Course Module #2 62 slides G1000 VFR Flight Scenario #1 G1000 VFR Flight Scenario #2
VFR Ground Course and Flight Approval Forms NJWG Request for G1000 Flight Training created by Maj Tom Woods Materials for VFR Pilot Ground Course Pilot Resources G1000 Information Ground School Study Guide Version 10a for GFC 700 (N941CP) Cessna G1000 PowerPoint for GFC 700 (N941CP) 150 MB N941CP includes POH, Weight & Balance, Cessna G1000 PowerPoint for GFC 700, Check List N355CP includes POH, Weight & Balance, Cessna G1000 PowerPoint for KAP 140 (150 MB), Check List, KAP 140 Guide, Altitude Pre-Select CAPR 60-1 see text in yellow highlights for G1000 changes
CAPF-5 (Word) new version effective 1 JUL 2015 CAPF-5 (PDF) new version effective 1 JUL 2015 Garmin G1000 PC Trainer for Cessna NAV III, Version 12.0 Good investment, buy it for yourself, urge your students to do the same $24.95 plus $8.00 shipping https://buy.garmin.com/shop/shop.do?pID=113763 Overview of G1000 VFR Ground Course CAP G1000 Endorsements Consider example of a Wing with Cessna 182T and Cessna U206H, both equipped with the Cessna Nav III G1000 System This may seem hypothetical but it is the case in PAWG
Consider a pilot who was already Form 5-ed in the Cessna 182T and in a Cessna U206G (round dial, steam gauge, Six Pack) Under the old rules the pilot would have had to take an additional CAPF-5 check ride in the Cessna U206H Nav III since it was different from the Cessna U206G. Under the new rules the pilots CAPF-5 G1000 endorsement taken for the Cessna 182T and the pilots CAPF-5 in the Cessna U206G would cover the pilot to fly the Cessna U206H without having to take an additional CAPF-5 check ride. Overview of G1000 VFR Ground Course CAPF-5 Flight Evaluation Form 1 JUL 2015 CAPF-5 Word document
CAPF-5 Adobe PDF Top portion shown below What is CFIT? Controlled Flight into Terrain Anything Wrong With This Picture? What About This Picture?
So What Do You Think? CFIT in the Making? CAP CFIT Accident Las Vegas, NV 8 NOV 2007 Night VMC Takeoff Accident in T182T G1000 - CFIT Controlled Flight into Terrain (CFIT) with two fatalities N881CP NTSB Factual Report click link below http:// www.ntsb.gov/aviationquery/GenPDF.aspx?id=SEA08FA023&rpt=fa NTSB Probable Cause click link below http:// www.ntsb.gov/aviationquery/brief.aspx?ev_id=20071121X01832&key=
1 Crew Experience and FAA Certificates Pilot (left seat): ATP AMEL, Commercial ASEL, 25,000 hours total time, G1000 trained (74.7 hours G1000, 34.2 hours in accident airplane) Pilot (right seat): ATP AMEL, helicopter, CFI, AGI, IGI, 28,000 hours total time, not G1000 trained Night VMC Takeoff Accident in T182T G1000 - CFIT Controlled Flight into Terrain (CFIT) with two fatalities N881CP
Events from night of 11/08/2007 Departed North Las Vegas Airport (VGT), Las Vegas, NV on a VFR flight plan about 19:05 Local PST bound for Rosamond Skypark Airport (L00), Rosamond, California 19:05:29 Local PST - checked in with ATC at 2,700 feet MSL 19:17:29 Local PST - radar contact lost, airplane impacted 1,000 feet below summit of Mt. Potosi (elevation = 8,514 feet MSL) Fireball from impact witnessed by law enforcement helicopter Interviews with the ATC Controller produced the following Controller stated, "The aircraft looked fine - there was nothing unusual about it. When questioned about where he expected the aircraft to go the controller replied that ...the pilot was on his own navigation. Controller stated that other aircraft he has seen go where the accident aircraft was, and
some go further south. Asked when he is required to issue a safety alert, the controller stated, in his opinion, when an aircraft is close to terrain or other aircraft. Controller stated that he knew that the height of Mt. Potosi was 8,500 feet. Night VMC Takeoff Accident in T182T G1000 - CFIT Controlled Flight into Terrain (CFIT) with two fatalities N881CP Conditions of Flight Accident occurred during dark night under visual meteorological conditions. No lighted roads or round structures were present in the area to provide ground reference to terrain. 1% of the moons disk was illuminated.
Airplane climb performance over last six minutes of flight per recorded radar data Average groundspeed was 100 knots Average rate of climb was 406 fpm (feet per minute) Note: an average rate of climb of 600 fpm was required to clear terrain along the flight path. Night VMC Takeoff Accident in T182T G1000 - CFIT Controlled Flight into Terrain (CFIT) with two fatalities N881CP NTSB Findings 1.
2. 3. 4. 5. (F) TERRAIN CONDITION - RISING (F) TERRAIN CONDITION - MOUNTAINOUS/HILLY (F) LIGHT CONDITION - DARK NIGHT (C) ALTITUDE/CLEARANCE - NOT MAINTAINED - PILOT IN COMMAND (F) OTHER PSYCHOLOGICAL CONDITION - PILOT IN COMMAND a) Ethanol b) Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
6. (F) PROCEDURES/DIRECTIVES - NOT FOLLOWED - ATC PERSONNEL (ARTCC) 7. (F) SAFETY ADVISORY - NOT ISSUED - ATC PERSONNEL (ARTCC) Legend (F) Factor (C) Cause Night VMC Takeoff Accident in T182T G1000 - CFIT Controlled Flight into Terrain (CFIT) with two fatalities N881CP
Lessons Learned Know necessary climb out rate Conversion formula for Feet Per NM to Feet Per Minute (FPM) Feet Per NM / feet in NM * 100 * ground speed (per G1000) VGT Northtown Three Departure from Runway 30L uses 415 feet per NM 415 / 6072 * 100 * 100 = 683 FPM VGT Boulder City One Departure from Runway 30L uses 367 feet per NM 367 / 6072 * 100 * 100 = 604 FPM Do not depend on ATC for terrain separation
File for an instrument departure Know the airplanes equipment See G1000 illustration on terrain avoidance Night VMC Takeoff Accident in T182T G1000 - CFIT Controlled Flight into Terrain (CFIT) with two fatalities N881CP G1000 illustration on terrain avoidance PDF inset or MFD Red 100 feet AGL or less Yellow more than 100 feet AGL but less than 1000 feet AGL Black 1000 feet AGL or higher
Overview of G1000 Module #1 VFR Ground Course G1000 Components PFD: AHRS, ADC, Magnetometer, GTX MFD: EIU, Moving maps, GPS check (AUX) GDU 1040 vs. GDU 1044 Tuning Area use right hand
Soft Keys PFD Insert: Topo vs. Terrain H.S.I., Bearings, CDI colors CAP Audio
MFD: Chapter / Page organization EIU Fuel indicators (35 gallons) MAP Latitude/Longitude; User waypoints TIS, Stormscope, NexRad (TFR indicators) NRST Airports, Intersections, NDB, VOR, User WPT, Frequencies, Airspace System Annunciators Fuel (slide on old fuel system is wrong) Electrical System, Vacuum System KOEL Overview of G1000 Module #2 VFR Ground Course GFC 700
FD vs. AP who provides the muscle? Note UP / DN buttons ROL, HDG, NAV, APR; no yaw GDU 1044 vs. GDU 1040 Go Around button Modes White = Armed Green = Engaged KAP 140 Autopilot Note UP / DN buttons, effect of hold then release ROL, HDG, NAV, APR; no yaw GDU 1040 vs. GDU 1044
CWS What Are the Risks in Flying a Technologically Advanced Aircraft (TAA)? What Are the Risks with Flying TAA? Risk: Lack of Pilot Proficiency Mitigation: study, study, study then practice, practice, practice Get the simulator for whatever GPS you have
Garmin GNS 430, Garmin GNS 530, Garmin G1000 for Cessna NAV III, III Apollo GX55 See reference section for links Download training videos, manuals (PDF), flight planning lessons Get some ground instruction and flight instruction from your CFI What Are the Risks with Flying TAA? Risk: Head in the Cockpit Instead of Outside Mitigation: Set up as much as possible on the
ground Do your flight planning at home before coming to the airport File an FAA flight plan (consider filing IFR even if VMC) Print a navigation log (consider AOPA Internet Flight Planner) Set up flight plan in GPS after preflight and engine start but before taxi Contact Clearance Delivery on radio or cell phone Set up clearance route in your GPS What Are the Risks with Flying TAA? Risk: Single Pilot IFR
Mitigation: Take an experienced pilot or CFI Establish personal minimums, dont deviate from them Consider establishing a risk management matrix Refer to next section on personal minimums Build experience When appropriate, appropriate revise your personal minimums What Are the Risks with Flying TAA? Risk: Thunderstorm Penetration Mitigation: Avoid thunderstorms
Do not use NexRad or Strike Finder features to penetrate thunder Storms Use NexRad or Strike Finder features to avoid thunder Storms Preferably by putting the T-Storms at your six oclock What Are the Risks with Flying TAA? Risk: Thunderstorm Penetration What Are the Risks with Flying TAA? Other Things You Should Consider NexRad near real-time weather NexRad near real-time TFR
Time lags can be >15 minutes Keep your databases up to date As part of pre-flight, check to make sure that the databases are current What Are the Risks with Flying TAA? Foster/practice continuing pilot education and self-study Cessna G1000 Reference Manuals Cessna NavIII G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide Oct2011 Rev A Cessna NavIII G1000 Pilot Guide Oct2011 Rev A AOPA/ASF on Technologically Advanced Aircraft
AOPA/ASF TAA - 2007 FAA Risk Management Handbook - See Appendix A for Personal Minimums http:// www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/handbooks_manuals/aviation/risk_m anagement_handbook/media/risk_management_handbook.pdf Overview of CAP G1000 Mission Observer Ground Course
Mission Observer G1000 Ground Course Lesson Structure G1000 MO Lesson 01 - Introduction 47 slides G1000 MO Lesson 02 - Components and Systems 35 slides G1000 MO Lesson 03 - Primary Flight Display (PFD) 34 slides G1000 MO Lesson 04 - Multi-Function Display (MFD) 73 slides G1000 MO Lesson 05 - Autopilot 52 slides G1000 MO Lesson 06 - Flight Planning and SAR - Part 1 51 slides G1000 MO Lesson 06 - Flight Planning and SAR - Part 2 51 slides G1000 MO Lesson 07 - Incapacitation of Mission Pilot 50 slides G1000 MO Lesson 08 - Simulator and Exercises 27 slides
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