Building a Hypertextual Digital Library in the Humanities: A ...

Building a Hypertextual Digital Library in the Humanities: A ...

Learning From Visualizations: Principles from Learning Science David N. Rapp University of Minnesota

What is a visualization? Novel presentation of data Can detail dynamic, salient relationships Can provide experience with the unobservable

Teach, organize, simulate How can visualizations influence learning processes?

Learning: The acquisition and application of knowledge. The goal of an educational experience is for students to develop an understanding of some

principle or concept, and to be able to apply that information to resolve an extended range of problems in a variety of situations. (Rapp, in press) Mental Models

a memory-based representation of some event or situation (Johnson-Laird, 1983) mental simulations (Kahneman & Tversky, 1982) integrates background knowledge with

immediate experience incomplete and reconstructive (Tversky, 1993) Theory and research supports the use of mental models in learning and comprehension:

Text (van Dijk & Kintsch, 1978) Film (Magliano, Dijkstra, & Zwaan, 1996)

Maps (Taylor & Tversky, 1996) Scientific models and principles (Gentner & Stevens, 1983) Animation of mechanical systems

(Hegarty, Just, & Morrison, 1988) Educational television programs (van den Broek, Pugzles-Lorch, & Thurlow, 1996) Health Advertisements (Southwell, 2002) Multimedia presentations

(Mayer, 2001) Hypermedia-based software & tools (Rapp, Taylor, & Crane, 2003) Learning across these diverse situations involves similar mental processes:

Encoding Retrieval/Activation of background knowledge Integration and simulation

What are some qualities of educational situations that facilitate the construction of mental models? Cognitive Engagement Participants active focus and attention to material

Increased motivation and involvement (Cordova & Lepper, 1996) Deeper cognitive processing of information (Craik & Lockhart, 1972; Craik & Tulving, 1975)

Interactivity Control over the pace of the learning situation Increased motivation and involvement (Cordova & Lepper, 1996) Permits personalization of the learning experience in accord with instructor and student goals

Iterative learning Multimedia Presentation Dual-coding of material (Paivio, 1969) Effectiveness as a function of modality, redundancy, individual differences (Mayer, 2001)

Congruence Principle (Morrison, Tversky, & Betrancourt, 2000) Engaging, motivating, novel All of these principles align with constructivist

views of learning. But to what degree can visualizations influence learning? Can visualization experiences facilitate the

construction of mental models? Engaging -must pair with guided activities Interactive

-must be interactive with respect to specific learning goals Multimedia Presentation -must carefully align with effective presentation principles

Future Challenges Additional study of effective educational features Collaboration to improve the use of visualizations in educational situations Empirical assessment of visualizations and

educational outcomes Designing visualizations for specific purposes and populations Conclusions Visualizations have the potential to influence

learning The Learning Sciences have assessed some of the effective components of learning situations Combining content-driven visualizations with principles of learning will lead to effective educational experiences

For reference information: [email protected]

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Exams: Notes vs. No-Notes

    Exams: Notes vs. No-Notes

    Exam Style: Open vs. Closed Notes John S. Colton, Department of Physics University of Wisconsin-La Crosse Background/Motivation In our Physics Department, most exams allow students to use a one-page note sheet
  • MID-AMERICA REGULATORY CONFERENCE 2014 ANNUAL MEETING Gas Pipeline

    MID-AMERICA REGULATORY CONFERENCE 2014 ANNUAL MEETING Gas Pipeline

    understanding the health of our pipeline systems by analyzing and understanding data and information and promptly acting to reduce risks. Safety Culture, accountability at leadership level within organization is essential. ... Verify & Document Your Pipe & Materials Inventory. Pipeline...
  • Enlightened Despotism - Oak Park Independent

    Enlightened Despotism - Oak Park Independent

    Enlightened despotism (or enlightened absolutism) is when an absolute monarch is influence by the Enlightenment and uses its principles to govern their people. ... The Prussian army became the most coordinated and most powerful in all of Europe.
  • Nng sut ti nguyn v Tng trng kinh

    Nng sut ti nguyn v Tng trng kinh

    TNTT cung cấp nguyên vật liệu, năng lượng, thực phẩm, nước và đất, cũng như các dịch vụ môi trường và xã hội. Năng suất tài nguyên liên quan đến tính hiệu quả mà một nền kinh tế sử dụng...
  • AP Language and Composition Identifying major and minor

    AP Language and Composition Identifying major and minor

    Optional Bell Ringer: Define the SPEAKER. When we protest against this immeasurable, meaningless waste of motherhood and child-life; when we protest against the ever-mounting cost to the world of asylums, prisons, homes for the feeble-minded, and such institutions for the...
  • Tudalen Datblygu Syniadau - Welsh Government

    Tudalen Datblygu Syniadau - Welsh Government

    DEVELOPING IDEAS Create a spider plan that includes all your ideas for the final piece of work. Choose the medium you wish to work in. Choose a suitable artist, designer, craftsman or sculptor for your idea. DEVELOPING IDEAS The Task...
  • A Student Guide for Getting Started

    A Student Guide for Getting Started

    Go to fbisd.edmodo.com. Click on "I'm a Student" Enter your name, username (your computer username), password (your computer password), and group code. Go to Profile to choose a favorite quote, your learning style, and career goal. Go to Account>Settings and...
  • Introducción a la Sociolingüística

    Introducción a la Sociolingüística

    Introducción a la Sociolingüística La sociolingüística es …. Una rama de la lingüística que estudia todos los aspectos de la relación entre el lenguaje y la sociedad.