Beyond the Environment: Socio-Economic Sustainability ...

Beyond the Environment: Socio-Economic Sustainability ...

Beyond the Environment: Socio-Economic Sustainability & Meaningful Community Input in Land Use Decisions Robin Kniech FRESC, Denver Sarah Muller Working Partnerships USA, San Jose Rocky Mountain Land Use Institute March 7, 2008 Session Goals Discuss why community input and socio-economic sustainability are important II. Describe at least three tools for achieving these goals in land use planning and/or decisions that can be incorporated into existing practices III. Explore more comprehensive reforms

I. Sustainability Defined Land use that: Economically balances jobs and housing Environmentally balances energy efficiency and any clean-up issues Equitably addresses any risks or challenges the land use poses to vulnerable residents/communities Promotes the long-term stability of families and local businesses (backbones of community) Premises Certain land use decisions create opportunities to capture economic benefit in ways that reduce

poverty, minimize displacement, and create more resilient communities Land use planning and decisions take place in a political context where not all stakeholders have equal access or power Community participation is a key component in achieving more socio-economically sustainable development, as well as a good in and of itself in planning processes Beyond the Environment: Socio-Economic Sustainability & Meaningful Community Input

in Land Use Decisions Robin Kniech FRESC Program Director Rocky Mountain Land Use Institute - March 7, 2008 Community Benefits Agreements Project specific, enforceable agreement For the creation of a range of community benefits Between developer, community/labor/

environmental groups and city/public authority or a community benefits package can be incorporated into public documents Most often in large redevelopment approvals, but principles can be applied to planning processes www.fresc.org Without Community Benefits Little or no direct communication b/ w community groups and

developer All developer commitments go into development agreement-city & developer draft language No coordination & shared power among community groups

Community groups cannot enforce developer commitments. With Community Benefits Developer commitments re: community benefits go into CBA Coalition & developer draft

language together Community groups can enforce developer commitments (City and agency can too, if CBA is included in the development agreement.) Community groups share information, have

strength in numbers, and coordinate their advocacy. Role of Public Entity, Planners Continuum of Public Support for Oppo se Com muni ty Proce ss A Toler

Community ate But No Activ e Supp ort Benefit Process Activ ely Supp ort Levels of Active Support Encourage Dialogue Require Meetings with Community on Particular

Project Institute a Policy Calling for Project-Specific Community Benefits on Certain Projects Possible Benefits Unique to Each Project, Could Include: Job training, and local hiring Wage/benefit goals or standards Affordable housing Environmental cleanup Parks Child care centers Respect for worker rights Community Involvement Other community benefits Case Study: Gates Rubber, Denver

Transit Opportunity Environmental Challenges Developer Goal Prepare Site for Vertical Development, Sell Land, Make Required Rate of Return (Profit) to Investors To convert the site, from current conditions, Cherokee would need: Public subsidies

Zoning changes Clean-up to satisfy state standards City Council approval of the development plan after a public hearing. Campaign for Responsible Development 9 to 5, National Association of Working Women Colorado (co-chair) Advocates for a Diverse Denver

Agape Christian Church American Federation of State, County, & Municipal Employees (AFSCME), Local 158, Council 76 Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now (ACORN) Colorado Atlantis Community Corporation/Adapt Bayaud Industries Capitol Hill United Ministries Centro Bienestar San Jos Colorado AFL-CIO Colorado Alliance for Retired Americans Colorado Building & Construction Trades Council (CBCTC) Colorado Catholic Conference (CCC) Colorado Environmental Coalition (CEC) Colorado Federation of Public Employees (CFPE) Colorado Fiscal Policy Institute Colorado Peoples Environmental and Economic Network (COPEEN)

Colorado Progressive Coalition (CPC) Colorado Public Interest Research Group (CoPIRG) Colorado Womens Agenda Communication Workers of America (CWA), Local 7777 Community Outreach Service Center Community Resource Center Denver Area Labor Federation (DALF) (co-chair) Denver Area Youth Services Denver Classroom Teachers Association (DCTA) Denver Inner City Parish Denver Reintegration Working Group (Employment Committee) Denver Urban Ministries (DENUM) El Centro Humanitario Eco-Justice Ministries The Empowerment Program Ethical Trade Action Group (E-TAG) Hotel Employees & Restaurant Employees (HERE), Local 14

International Association of Machinists & Aerospace Workers (IAM), Local 1886 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (IBEW), Locals 68 and 111 International Union of Operating Engineers (IUOE), Local 9 International Union of Painters and Allied Trades (IUPAT), Local 79 Jobs with Justice Colorado Labors Community Agency Laborers International Union of North America (LIUNA), Local 720 Metropolitan Organizations for People (MOP) Micro Business Development Corporation Mountain West Regional Council of Carpenters (MWRCC) National Association of Letter Carriers (NALC), Branch 5996 Pipefitters (UA), Local 208 Platt Park Residents Coalition Plumbers (UA), Local 3 Progress Now!

Project WISE Renters Education Association for Colorado Tenants (REACT) Save Our Section 8 (SOS 8) Colorado Service Employees International Union (SEIU), Local 105 Sheet Metal Workers International Association (SMWIA), Local 9 St. Francis Employment Center United Food & Commercial Workers (UFCW), Local 7 Community Outreach and Engagement Lobbying Decision Makers FRESC Research Dialogue with the Developer

Community Benefit Achievements The VCAB to be kept apprised of progress with cleanup and privy to clean-up documents Affordable housing set-aside including 10% of for-sale units (150/1500 total) and 20% of rental units (200/1000 total) Remediation and infrastructure construction workers to be be paid the citys prevailing wage

Living wage to apply to parking lot attendants and security personnel that employed at the sites public facilities Enhanced first source hiring system that prioritizes zip codes surrounding the site and enhances tracking and reporting systems to monitor outcomes Union construction manager, the Kiewit Building Group, for the $126 million infrastructure work Denver general fund to receive portion of property taxes from TIF beginning in year 10.

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