Back to Basics: CCNA STEVE BAKER, TEACHING INSTRUCTOR EAST CAROLINA UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS LINKED-IN: HTTPS://WWW.LINKEDIN.COM/IN/NCSTEVE/ YOUTTUBE: HTTPS://TINYURL.COM/V46NETWORK EMAIL: [email protected] PHONE: 252-328-9666 Cisco Certification Tracks https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/training-events/training-certifications/overview.html Prerequisite: CCNA Where to Start Cisco Certified Network Associate Routing & Switching Administered as two tests: ICND1 Interconnecting Cisco Networking Devices Part 1 (100-105 aka CCENT) 45/55 Questions 90 minutes - ~$150.00 Cisco Certified Entry Networking Technician
ICND2 (200-105 results in full CCNA) Prereq ICND1 - 45/55 Questions 90 Minutes - ~$150.00 Cisco Certified Network Associate Administered as one test: CCNA (200-125) 60/70 Questions 90 Minutes - ~$295.00 Certification exams are administered worldwide through Ciscos testing delivery partner, Pearson VUE. Ready to take your exam? Visit the Book Your Exam page for instructions on how to register. Official Cert homepages: CCNA: https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/training-events/training-certifications/exams/current-list/200-125-ccna.html ICND1: https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/training-events/training-certifications/exams/current-list/100-105-icnd1.html ICND2: https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/training-events/training-certifications/exams/current-list/200-105-icnd2.html Format of Test ICND1/2 & Full CCNA Multiple Choice (Single Answer / Multiple Answer/Matching)
ALWAYS READ AND LOOK FOR MULTIPLE ANSWER Fill in the blank & Testlet (Multiple questions based on scenario) Simulation (Simulates environment but all commands may not be available) Ex. They may lock out a show run Usually requires you to fix something that is broken These are typical for the Implement, Configure and TSHOOT Simlet
Like simulation but geared more to showing information to answer one or more specific questions Watch the demo videos: https://learningnetwork.cisco.com/docs/DOC-34312 Planning Depth and Breadth Review the Exam Topics ICND1 Specifics https://learningnetwork.cisco.com/community/certifications/ccna/icnd1/exam-topics ICND2 Specifics Map question formats to required levels of knowledge Configure, verify, and troubleshoot (perfect candidate for Sim and/or Simlet)
Describe (candidates for multiple choice, fill in the blank, etc.) Compare (candidate for matching) Troubleshoot (these could include topics that you are not required to configure, but must know basics to determine issue. Ex. DNS query from client) KNOW your SHOW commands! Practice makes perfect Familiarize yourself with type of information provided by SHOW commands that are similar but with different output Ex. Show int shows mostly layer1/2 whereas Show IP int details more specific L3 info Make your own practice environments work! Dont rely on simply following wrote directions! Tips for Success WHY? Identify Why you want to get certified Keep those reasons in sight to remind you of your goal
Dont focus on just external motivators More money Promotion Land a job Realize the intrinsic value More confidence Foundational knowledge in support of ultimate goal
A house is only as strong as its foundation! Tips for Success WHEN? Carve Date in Stone! Establish your timeline How long will you need to study Depends on experience and route you choose Be Realistic! Adequately inform yourself of what it takes BEFORE deciding when you want to attempt Ex. ICND2 Official Cert Guide is ~950 pages covering 29 chapters Devoting an hour a day to each chapter only scratches the surface 5 hours a day/minimum
30days @ 5 per/vs 5 Months @ 1 per Spread over months be prepared to spend a fair amount of EXTRA time in review ICND1 is just as large SO the above X2 Estimate it, pick the date, and pay for it! Reserve your spot early to ensure you dictate where/when/preferred time slot Daily calendar reminder Keeps you honest to your goal, establishes routine Side note: One of the best values for the money comparatively speaking Tips for Success WHAT? - Gauge Yourself
Where are you and what knowledge do you already have? Experienced with practical application skills - CCNA (200-125) Entry level ICND1 (100-105) First Full CCNA intimidating to first-time cert takers Focus on one test at a time Double-time allotted per question Adequate ICND1 knowledge essential for ICND2 The higher your score on ICND1, the better off you will be on ICND2
ICND2 builds to a deeper level of ICND1, along with introducing additional topics Above ALL GET DEDICATED! How bad do you want it? Each time we face our fear, we gain strength, courage, and confidence in the doing. Teddy Roosevelt Tips for Success HOW? Three essential elements: Authoritative study certification exam text Cisco Press Official Cert Guide Practice test environment
CP provides CD Boson Configuration Environment Cisco Packet Tracer no longer requires Academy membership to download! GNS3 Requires IOS software which can be a licensing issue Virtual subscription based Tips for Success HOW? CORE to nearly EVERYTHING else! OSI alignment to TCP/IP Data Model
Anatomy of an IPv4/6 Address Classful & VLSM, ID of Subnet and Broadcast S/M range implications Major IPv4/6 address groupings Uni-cast, Mutli-cast, Broadcast Private vs. Public Path of a frame
Path of a packet Major well-known ports Resources Other Text Consider other authors aside from Cisco Press Often easier to comprehend and presented in laymans terms Seek out example implementations the why helps logically remember the how Check for access to additional test bank of practice questions
A few recommendations: Todd Lammle Complete Study Guides Anthony Sequeira Exam Cram Consider Portable Command Guides for succinct review of configurations and narrowed focus Some include more practice questions Resources Change it up! Implement a variety of methods Video mentors
UDEMY YOUTube CBT Nuggets Blogs YouTube has TONS of free CCNA material! Dont be afraid of the creation date Many underlying technologies have been around for a decade
An old video may still help you learn! Make your day work for you Plan ahead, use commute time to listen to videos or the first time Resources: Brain Train Mnemonics Flashcards Use them, create them, practice them Online and make your own Take Notes!
Just read it - Shallow (Short-term) Structural (appearance) Phonemic (sound) Write it down - Deep (Long-Term) Semantic Deep processing involves elaboration rehearsal which involves a more meaningful analysis (e.g. images, thinking, associations etc.) of information and leads to better recall. Mnemonics Every Alley Cat Eats Wet Noodles Indoors Daily (SYSLOG levels) Emerg, Alert, Critical, Events, Warnings, Notifications, Informational, Debug
Please Do Not Touch Steves Pet Alligator (OSI) Physical, Data link, Network, Transport, Session, Presentation, Applications Betty Likes Deep Relaxing Massages (EIGRP K-Values) Bandwidth, Load, Delay, Reliability, MTU Bears Feel Pretty Soft (PDUs) Bits, Frames, Packets, Segments DORA (DHCP) Discover, Offer, Request, Ack Hey DD, R U Alright? OSPF Hello, DBD, LsR, LsU, LsAck) Make up ones that make sense to you, and practice them!
Resources: Find what works for you! Different methods work better for some, than others Subnetting & VLSM Use a chart or use the math? Use processes rather than charts when you can Ex. Last bit of S/M is range on network easy to use this across both IPv4 & 6 Know key ways to get to the answer Ex. Given Address and S/M ID
Broadcast All other hosts in L3 broadcast range Resources - Dont go it Alone! Find energy, inspiration and encouragement from others Online resources and In-Person! Seek peers with prior experience They cant legally divulge what was on the test, but can help educate you
on the amount of preparation required How long did they prepare in advance? How often and for how long was each study session? What other resources or advice might they recommend? Seek multiple resources on the same topics One important key to success is self-confidence. An important key to self-confidence is preparation. Arthur Ashe Final thoughts Day of Test Arrive early dont get yourself stressed before you ever get there! Take a fine tip dry erase marker with you
Mind your time while on the test MANAGE WISELY! Read question one more time after selecting your answer, Look for things you may have overlooked Ex. Select multiple answers or Select complete solutions WILL NOT PROMPT! Get plenty of sleep the night before KEEP A POSITIVE ATTITUDE!
Just before arriving at test center, get yourself In the Zone Take a few deep breaths and tell yourself I got this! Final Thoughts Day of the Test Simlets - You may have access to ? At command line USE IT IF YOU DO! Remember there are multiple ways to do things Ex. OSPF adding via network statement vs. adding on the interface itself Think about the structure of the command to determine where it should be issued Look for KEY words in the cert questions that have significant meaning Ex. Packet means the same as Network Layer means the same as L3 IP (routing)
Eliminate obvious wrong answers first Make your choice and select, but review question again before moving on to next WATCH and MANAGE YOUR TIME! Dont waste too much time on any one question Make sure you finish the exam! Read carefully, so you dont trip! Notice this one says view ALL access lists Show IP will only show IPv4, not IPv6, IPX, AppleTalk, etc. Know your rules and how they may differ across topics Unlike ACLs, Routes are matched to the most SPECIFIC rather than the first one it finds.
Find specific words in the question that make all the difference in the answer Notice keyword here is overloading Careful, this one is looking for COMPLETE solutions for BOTH answers C & D are only partially correct, but NOT COMPLETE solutions by themselves AND NOTICE is says Select 2 Know Show Show Show Show Show your commands, especially show commands ip ospf neighbor ip ospf topology ip route ip protocols ip ospf interface Know where to find the types of information you seek! Use your completed packet tracers to issue and look at
various output Know the specifics of how things work, Dont forget RIP! ALWAYS read the question again after you have answered it BEFORE you click NEXT Theres NO GOING BACK! Clarify you have selected 2 choices
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