الشريحة 1 - جامعة الملك سعود

الشريحة 1 - جامعة الملك سعود

KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA MINISTRY OF HIGHER EDUCTION KING SAUD UNIVERSITY \ CAMS DEPARTMENT\ HE JohaliCHS382FUHE1st3839 (2013_2017) FUNDAMENTALS OF HEALTH EDUCATION CR Meanings to Approaches to Readiness to Perfect Practice 2. Thinks Encoding Process0 Or: he has not got my massage try again 7. Decoding Process 8 Makes meaning 4: sends via Channel : Feelings Sight Sound Touch Smell

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Promote and Help Others To ... ? Johali 2nd Step To ZD Holistic Wellness EISA ALI JOHALI CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 1 EISA ALI JOHALI A Lecturer Bachelor A. M. Sc. Heath Education, KSU 1407 /1987 Short Fellowship Planning Health Professions Education, UIC, USA 199 MA (Ed.) Philosophies and Sciences of Teaching, Learning and Curriculum in Nursing, UK 1995 PhD Health Sciences By Accrediting Prior Experiences, Hill University Sept. 2012 Author of Two Published Books & 3 Projected http://faculty.ksu.edu.sa/JOHALI/default.aspx [email protected] WL Messengers Johali FUHE 2015 http://sa.linkedin.com/pub/eisa-johali/31/3a6/896 https://twitter.com/TheNature2011 Dr. Eisa Johali NEW CHS382

https://wiki.answers.com/Q/User:Johaliask Johali1stFUHE2016 2 CHS382 Promontory This FuHE the Fundamentals of Health Education (CHS 382) is the 2nd basic courses after the PHE (CHS282) that I taught you last semester. Almost all the FUHE objectives and topics based on the PHE objectives and topics. Therefore you have to recall what you have been taught in the previous courses. Meanwhile you have to think that you are going to use these knowledge, attitudes and skills in the next courses and your future education and profession. CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 3 Lecturer Philosophy My role is to promote and help to be ready and willing to have meaningful lifelong learning" But I can't think instead of youYou have to .." The above statement is the summary of my teaching philosophy. Based on my postgraduate education and its following experiential earning "Student Centered" is my favorite approach. However, we have no choice; we have to follow our higher national educational system and its procedures with slightly modification to achieve the above vision. As an introduction to my teaching philosophy in my teaching and learning plan, lecture,

assignments instructions and student assessment feedback, I use the most related Islamic teachings and Arabic Proverbs that can motivate and promote my students be active, independent thinker, honest and creative hard workers to satisfy themselves, their relatives and patients. The most motivating statements SUCH AS: ]3 2/[ / * *

.]29/ / [ * / * * : : * : : : * / * ) * :( ) : * * : ( * These Islamic Calls are our Evidences to assure Quality of Profession; Quality of NHEPC & Quality of Life today and for the Day after. Meanwhile, do not forget the most common Arab Proverb: Nothing Itching Your Skin like Your Nail All the Learners will success; Except the one Who DO NOT Welling to Success mainly absent and who dont care Thus, Be Ready and Willing to Success You Will Success As I have taught you in CHS 282, I hope that you will be learner who have to think, discover, reflect and be independent creative note taker and health educator, not just traditional teacher dependent student who may not care to listen, hear, memorize and sure forget. CHS382 Johali1stFUHE201 4 CHS 382 Course Description & L Objectives Course (code and NO): (CHS 382) Course title:

Fundamentals of health education Level: 5 2 (2+0) Credit hours: change ne (1+1) Contact hours: 2 Prerequisite CHS 212 : Course Description This is the second introductory course to health education, starting following and probing the historical evolution developments of 'health education plus promotion' its origin, grow and evolve or can grow and evolve to assure quality. It strives to cover the essentials in health arts, values and images, philosophical ethics, sciences 'theories, models, and approaches' with more focus on health communication types, levels, components, process and barriers that associated with quality of health education and promotion. CHS382

Johali1stFUHE2016 5 CHS 382 Course Description & L Objectives CHS 382 Course Description Quality Committee 2011 Course code and number: CHS 382 Course title: Fundamentals of Health Education Level/semester Level 5 Credit hours: Thereof lecture hours: 2 Thereof practical hours: 0 Language: English Aims and goals of CHS 382 : Gaining basic knowledge regarding the rules, fundamentals, history and potentials of health education.. Understand how health education affects one personally as well as those around them. Identify different approaches and strategies of health communication and health promotion Prepare health education students to become effective health education specialists by building their skills in communication, in counseling and behavior modification to use it in any health setting. Skills of the course: the student will be familiar with Students will have to learn and believe in the 4cs that makes an effective health education specialists The course covers among all how the health worker can influence health behavior in order to create better foundations for public and individual health. Theories of behavioral change to individual, families, and community through utilization of proper communication in different health settings. Content of the course: The development of health education and health promotion Images of health Models and approaches to health promotion Understanding of health communication Steps in health communication process Communication methods

Traditional - Contemporary approaches to health communication Practice frameworks for health promotion :Eating Well Student presentation: Vegetables and fruits intake Examination: Written examination, individual learning work-creative smart assignments CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 6 CHS 382 Course Description & L Objectives With your Readiness and Willingness, the lecturer hopes that by end of this course, you will be able to: 1. Be reason, ready, react to prerequisites and willing to success 2. Briefly review and rationalize the historical developments evolution of 'health education and promotion' origin, grow to evolution if there 3. Rationale and be ready to use the philosophical and ethical basis to assure quality of HEP 4. Identify the most common scientific theories, paradigms, models,

approaches that associated with quality of HEP. Old; 5. 6. 7. 8. Gaining basic knowledge regarding the rules, fundamentals, history and potentials of health education.. Understand how health education affects one personally as well as those around them. Identify different approaches and strategies of health communication and health promotion Prepare health education students to become effective health education specialists by building their skills in communication, in counseling and behavior modification to use it in any health setting. CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 7 Johali Teaching & Learning Plan L Plan TOPICS - Teaching and Learning Activits Reason, ready, react to prerequisites and willing to success Historical developments of 'health education and promotion' (HEP) origin, grow to evolution Essential Philosophical Scientific Theories & Model

Images and Fundamentals of HEP HE Essentials - Ethical Basses 1st Mid Term Exam\Assignment Plan Basic Human Health Communication (BHHC): Define & The 4Cs BHHC: Most Common Scientific Theories and Models BHC: Types-Levels & HC Process N. Model Hours (30) 2 Weeks (15) 1st 4 2nd 3rd 6 4th 6th 4 7th 8th 6 9-11th 6

12-14th 2 15th Proactive HCP Network CHS382 2nd Mid Term Exam\ Submit-Present Assignments FINAL EXAM 8 Johali1stFUHE2016 Johali Reasoning )Why FUHE ? ( Health Educator Job Description Job Title : Health Education Specialist Scientific Degree : Bachelor Degree AMS . Job requirements : A Competent Graduate Bachelor in his / her Professions Specific Knowledge & Skills: Knowledge of health and educational issues, Effective teaching methods and technologies Effective Communication and Counseling Reported to: the Health Education Consultant Master\PhD Job Definition (Summary) : Health Education and Promotion job is a focal point for all allied health professions and health issues. Thus, HE have to work effectively with health teams, with community and organization representatives, they have to facilitate, teach and promote clients to learn how to improve and maintain healthy behaviors. Major Job Duties:

As a part of the Health team and under the above Reported health personnel; HE will be in charge in the following Duties and Responsibilities: 1. Assessing patients, school and community health education needs (1sT communication with clients ) 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Managing and organizing health education activities. Participate in providing health education in the local community (Inside Health Services and outside organizations such schools and industries..); Select health education methodology appropriate to the target clients taken in consideration cultural interests and needs. Prepare and participate in designing, evaluation and development of health education materials Supervise and participate in process of designing and implementing health education plans. Give Special Patients Counseling eg; diabetic patient education FUHE.: Improve his/her personal and professional knowledge and skills. Why 1) Part of HE JD Duty No 1 2) Prerequisite CHS382 3) Fundamental-Essential for QHE

Johali1stFUHE2016 9 Remember All HE Courses Your HE Pyramid How Do You Think Do You Understand This ?!! 382 was at 5th level with CHS 282 all prerequisite for 7 9 Darw http://colleges.ksu.edu.sa/AppliedMedicalSciences/CommunityHealthSciences/Pages/HEplan.aspx# CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 10 G Introduction Probe FuHE Historical Revolution & Defining Terms CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 11 Probe FUHE 2nd2015 Historical Evolution & Define Terms One Learner Have To Present and Other Think \ Write Smart Note History_of_Health_Education_and_Promotion_(American) ???!!!!

http://www.powershow.com/view/664f5-N2NiY/History_of_Health_Education_and _Promotion_powerpoint_ppt_presentation http://www.powershow.com/view/664f5-N2NiY/History_of_Health_Education_and_Pr omotion_powerpoint_ppt_presentation History_of_Health_Education_and_Promotion Search Video (Just look and think how the Creative Historical Lecturer l Health Educators Write and Teach ) It is a general Health Education USA but Interest: - How other find & bring to CHS382 Life Expectancy !?** Johali1stFUHE2016 12 Life Expectancy List by the World Health Organization 2013 Overall rank [4] Country Overall life expectancy Male life expectancy Male

rank Female life expectancy Female rank 1 2 3 Monaco Japan Andorra 87.2 84.6 84.2 85.3 82 80.8 1 2 8 89 87.3 87.6 1

3 2 4 Singapore 84 82 2 87 4 5 Hong Kong (PRC) 83.8 82 2 85.6 6 6

San Marino 83.5 82 2 85 11 7 8 9 Iceland Italy Sweden 83.3 83.1 83 81.4 80.4 81.4 6 10 6

85.2 85.8 84.6 9 5 13 10 Australia 83 80.5 9 85.5 7 ?Top the Longest CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_life_expectancy 13 Life Expectancy List by the World Health Organization 2013 Overall

rank [4] Country Overall life expectancy Male life expectancy Male rank Female life expectancy Female rank 96 Turkey 74.4 72.4 66 76.4 103

96 Armenia 74.4 70.6 104 78.2 73 97 Saudi Arabia 74.3 72.4 66 76.2 105 98 Samoa 74

71 91 77 92 99 Lebanon 74 72.5 64 76.5 100 192 193 CHS382 Central Afric an Republic Sierra Leone 48.5

47 187 50 192 47.5 47 187 48 193 ? SaudiJohali1stFUHE2016 ? \ the Shortest LE 14 Probe FuHE Historical Evolution & Define Terms Probe Course Title Fundamental ? Our Cultural-Religious Compare to the Westerns Fundamental VS \ Extra; evolutes, evolution; growth, development ( How Do You Hear Darwin !!! ) Evolution = Natural Selection - Biological Selection !! ;http://www.conservapedia.com/Evolution

?!!DO YOU BELIEVE IN Apes MAN - Man was a Monkey Eisa JohaliLecturer at KSU CAMS Apes to Man Human Evolution Learn from Students Videos Compare to Islam http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/evolution/educators/teachstuds/svideos.html http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XdddbYILel0 Amazing artifice Multimedia Explaining some of the basics of the scientific theory of evolution Oct 11, 2012 NOW Lets Test Them: Evolution vs. Creationism http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9V_2r2n4b5c http://www.allaboutcreation.org/creation-vs-evolution-n-video.htm CHS382 15 Probe FuHE Historical Evolution & Define Terms Probe Course Title - Fundamental ?! Close natural synonyms are: Fundamental Fun`da*men"tal, a. [Cf. F. fondamental.] Pertaining to the foundation or basis; serving for the foundation. Hence: Essential, as an element, principle, or law; important; original; elementary; as, a fundamental truth; a fundamental axiom. The fundamental reasons of this war. --Shak. Some fundamental antithesis in nature. --Whewell. Fundamental bass (Mus.), the root note of a chord; a bass formed of the roots or fundamental tones of the chords. Fundamental chord (Mus.), a chord, the lowest tone of which is its

root. Fundamental colors, red, green, and violet-blue. See Primary colors, under Color. Fundamental = Primary; Original = West means Primitive Fundamentals = Basics; Essentials; Ground rules; Nitty-gritty (Crux of the matter most important, heart of HE unknown origin ) Education CHS382 like health care should be a fundamental right http://www.wordaz.com/fundamental.html Johali1stFUHE2016 16 Probe FuHE Historical Evolution & Define Terms Probe Define Course Title ?!! Close natural synonyms are: Development = Growth; Expansion; Progress; P change Evolution: Advanced Development Progression Define Fundamental is : A leading or primary principle, rule, law, or article, which serves as the groundwork of a system; essential part, as, the fundamentals of Religion \ Field \ HE Now history CHS382 we cover some in CHS 282 Who remember brief ?!! Johali1stFUHE2016

17 Probe FuHE Historical Evolution & Define Terms Focus what are the New not above - Profound = Deep need Reflective Thinking; Extreme Extremist - Key = Input; Important; Significant - Primal = Primitive; Primeval CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 18 Probe FuHE Historical Evolution & Define Terms Major Eras in U.S. Public Health History start 1850 ..Global HE ? Pre Islam 600 was close to ideology ; the Greeks change it make it oppose under philosophy ? Fundamental in Islam : found in the Five Pillars of Islam , genuine, original Prior to 1850 Influence of superstition, religion, miasma theory; battling epidemics/pandemics: avoidance and acceptance; advent of bacteriological era

1850-1949: Sanitary reform through state and local infrastructure (state and local health departments); development of public H infrastructure 1919 ? 1974 1979: Beginning of PH health promotion era -publication of Healthy People 1950-1999 Filling gaps in medical care and expanding the health agenda; Major advances in medicine; AIDS; control of infectious disease, growth of chronic disease (largely behaviorally-related) 2000: Community public health practice; evolving public health infrastructure development; preparing for and responding to community health threats Take the Meaningful For Us Forget their misunderstanding regarding religion th 20th Century; - Nineteen Nineteen Johali1stFUHE2016 CHS382 HE raised at: Early 18 Century; Mid 19 Probe FuHE Historical Evolution & Define Terms Fundamentals of Global Health The Blooper !!! : Reel

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ioK1rAD33c First Reel .Do You Understand-attract-Interest!!!! No - Go See Duke Global Attract. GHLTH Global Health Major at Duke: Creating Pathways for Changing the World By: https://globalhealth.duke.edu/education-and-training/undergraduate/major LEC CPW http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dBUqFM8NEjw http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pbmR8HE7n3s From above Duke GHI We Come With Three Major Fundamentals (LEC\PHC= 3Vs) : - Learn ) Passion(; - Expand )Hard work( - Be Carve a Niche (Create-creative( a new accepted path\HE & Became a Real-life problem-solvers CHS382 20 Read & Write Smart Question with Smart Answers Johali1stFUHE2016 Probe FuHE Historical Evolution & Define Terms Disvover and score Elements of FH http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GrOqFRmmQ_k End 23\4 How do you score? - Fundamental elements of health There's more to life than bananas: http://stores.ebay.ca/Art-of-Kelly?_r... Fundamental Elements of Health

Are you Thriving or Surviving ? Rate your health between zero to ten, in each of the following areas. 1. Clean, fresh air 2. Pure water 3. Foods for which we are biologically designed 4. Sufficient sleep 5. Rest and relaxation 6. Vigorous activity 7. Emotional poise and stability 8. Sunshine and natural light 9. Comfortable temperature 10. Peace, harmony, serenity, and tranquility 11. Human touch 12. Thought, cognition, and meditation 13. Friendships and companionship 14. Gregariousness (social relationships, community) 15. Love and appreciation 16. Play and recreation CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 21 Probe FuHE Historical Evolution & Define Terms How do you score? - Fundamental elements of health 17. Pleasant environment 18. Amusement and entertainment 19. Sense of humor, mirth and merriment 20. Security of life and its means 21. Inspiration, motivation, purpose, and commitment

22. Creative, useful work (pursuit of interest) 23. Self-control and self-mastery 24. Individual sovereignty 25. Expression of reproductive instincts 26. Satisfaction of the aesthetic senses )op; atheistic non believe( 27. Self-confidence 28. Positive self image 29. Internal and external cleanliness 30. Smiles 31. Music and all other arts 32. Biophilia (love of nature) "The 80/10/10 Diet" by Dr. Douglas N. Graham, Page 10. http://foodnsport.com/ I am pleased to be able to share with you my journey as a vegan and what I've learned along the way. Currently, I eat mostly fruits and vegetables with some nuts and seeds, a diet/lifestyle, otherwise known as 80/10/10, fruitarianism, or natural hygiene. I eat 100% raw food most of the time, but occasionally enjoy a cooked vegan meal. Although by following 80/10/10, I have experienced exceptional improvement in health and fitness, I do not claim to have all the answers. I'm still learning. What I'm committed to, however, is openness, tolerance, and honesty. CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 22 http://www.facebook.com/pages/Grassro.. Probe FuHE Historical Evolution & Define Terms Overview of the Seven Keys to Health - Wellness Happiness http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cKvyDbmnfNI This video clip shows Jordan giving an overview of the seven keys to health and wellness that led him--and will lead you-- on the road to a lifetime of wellness. Summary of Jordan 7 Keyes \ Weeks of Wellness

1( Eat To Live in Islam ; Learn to Live 2) Supplement Your Diet 3) Practice Advance Hygiene 4) Condition your Body 5) Reduce Toxins 6) Avoid Deadly Emotions 7) Live a Life of Prayer & Purpose Give Evidence from Islam CHS382 23 Johali1stFUHE2016 Understand Fundamentals From Philosophy to Science to HE Ethical Basis Define - understand - nature Of Fundamental - Religion - Ideology - Philosophy - Theories - Ethics Communication QHE From Religion - Philosophy to HE Ethical Basis CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 24 Fundamentals Essentials for FUHE Evolutional Philosophy

Jordan's Philosophy and Personal Story http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tFfjMUH710I This video clip shows Jordan bringing the message of Biblical health and wellness to his home church, Palm Beach Gardens Christ Fellowship. He tells his health philosophy and his personal story of regaining his health--God's way. God's Plan for Health & Wellness http://www.youtube.com/watch? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6ToOqStuVkA v=7Ha3cA3gQc4 !!?WHY NOT QURANIC Based PHILOSOPHY Search Health Fundamentals in Quran The Family Life of a Muslim \Ideal Muslims ~ Nouman Ali Khan http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g5lPW2fkwas http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Ha3cA3gQc4 We Have to Innovate Islamic Philosophy for Holistic Lifelong HE Wellness Happiness CHS382 Use Evolve 25 Def & CHS282 Philosophical basis to Recreate Your Self Model Johali1stFUHE2016 Philosophy What is philosophy? A statement summarizing the attitudes, principles, beliefs, values, and concepts held by an individual or a group.

Vision; Mission; Premises; Value are part of philosophy . Why does one need a philosophy? Peoples philosophies help form the basis of reality for them. A philosophy helps to determine how one lives, works, plays, and generally approaches life. Vision Mission just example Vision of Health Education The health education profession promotes, supports, and enables healthy lives and communities. (Ches Jones, PhD) Miami-Dade AHEC strives to change healthcare through education Miami Our Mission: To improve access to quality, comprehensive health care and education for the underserved, uninsured, economically needy and other vulnerable individuals through academic-community partnerships. http://www.mdahec.com/about-us/vision-and-mission/ CHS382 New many in PPT Lecture Johali1stFUHE2016 CommHlthHLSC_2613_Notesv3 VERY GOOD Whole HE Make A Summary 26 Samples of personal educational philosophies Here are some links to samples of personal philosophies of education for you to explore. There are roughly in order of "fame" or well-knowness: My credo - Albert Einstein

My pedagogic creed - John Dewey, the most significant educational philosopher of the 20th century; he emphasized the subject nature of students' experience Paulo Freire - arguably the second most significant educational philosopher, behind Dewey, emphasized social justice and education for the liberation of the oppressed The philosophy of freedom - Rudolf Steiner, major alternative education philosopher Montessori philosophy & practice - by Michael Olaf Montessori, major alternative education philosophy Johann Pestalozzi - emphasized the educational potential of everyday life, social justice, and education for the poor and oppressed Kurt Hahn - innovative educator who championed adventure, peace & community The vision of Benton MacKaye - Creator of the Appalachian Trail & social engineer Ancient land - Current connections - by Graham Ellis-Smith, about how to learn from Aboriginal ways of life in order to connect to our own indigenous hearts A personal philosophy of education - Barbara Wilt, teacher Experiential & outdoor education for social & eco sustainability - James Neill, outdoor educator & psychologist Sample philosophy statements of education - LeoNora Cohen & Judy Gelbrich Philosophy of education - Erin Mosher, Plattsburgh State University Rosa Carson - Thinking thinking thinking.... My Andragogy Knowel et al adult learning the students centred ) LinkedIn ( CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 http://www.wilderdom.com/philosophy/SampleEducationPhilosophies.html#Examples 27 ?! Health Philosophies Images Meanings CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016

28 ?! Health Philosophies Images Welcome to Health Images of Denver and Boulder, Colorado With multiple convenient locations across the Denver & Boulder, Colorado MetroPlex, Health Images has the specialized staff necessary to assist with all your medical imaging needs, in a location that is convenient for you! Health Images is revolutionizing imaging with the foundation of efficiency and consistency. Our promise to our community is unmistakable quality and spectacular service. Once you try us we think you'll agree that Health Images has "raised the bar" of service and quality CHS382 A Framework for Health Reform

http://www.aha.org/advocacy-issues/healthforlife/index.shtml Johali1stFUHE2016 29 Fundamentals Essentials for FUHE Evolutional Philosophy Health Education Arabia ? Progress in Saudi The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in the field of health and education part1 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PpA8fTtOy2c Disclose the fact that lie and deceive the International Association for The Jewish and Christians Human Rights in the world .. As you can see what the State of Saudi humanitarian services to the Saudi citizen and a resident is considered best in the world to human rights, and this is a message to all hateful in the world to see and watch really good and generosity provided by the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah to the Saudi people. !!? There Is Justification of Evolution in Health Education But Nothing in HE

Look for National Symposium Health Education To Where We Are Going !! ??!Do We Have Real Evolution 2013 : : !! Summary From Students )) http://tweettunnel.com/HESymp https://twitter.com/HESymp CHS382 ? Why Not 2nd SAHE Symposium 1st SAHE Evolution Ready Johali1stFUHE2016 30 Fundamentals Essentials for FUHE Evolutional Philosophy Start from our evolution Def of HE ) CHS282 PHE( ? An Ideal dynamic process of (1) Moral, (2) Spiritual, (3) Physical, (4) Intellectual, (5) Mental, (6) Emotional (7) Psychological, (8) Social, (9) Cultural, (10) Environmental including Climate, (11) Economical, (12) Political with (13) Professional Ethics and (14) appropriate Technological mean that can help people/customers to grow; develop, and make informal decisions within a specific Time affecting their personal, family and community well being. How Many Dimensions Here ? These Are Our Fundamentals Essentials for Islamic FUHE Scientific Philosophy You Have To Innovate at the end of this course - Wellness to Happiness ? CHS382

Johali1stFUHE2016 31 Students Creative Work Can You Use This Evolved National Definition To Draw New NHE Philosophy ?! Wait For You Effort - Thought CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 32 e cl ud Co n Draw Education - Health HE Integrated Integrated Self Creative Conceptual diagrams Johali FUHE Model Later after understanding philosophical and scientific models CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016

33 Johali HEP Sciences HEP Scientific THEORIES MODELS Eisa Ali Johali Master of Arts 1995 https://www-lib.soton.ac.uk/uhtbin/cgisirsi/SISc130DjR/HARTLEY/58071011/123 http://faculty.ksu.edu.sa/JOHALI/Publications/Forms/AllItems.aspx?RootFolder=%2FJOHALI%2 FPublications%2FMy%20Publishing%20Books&FolderCTID=0x0120009493C311010EAF4994A A8F69DDB1DF8E&View={8B47BFA9-043E-4834-8EC5-5A724A4AA026} Johali1stFUHE2016 CHS382 34 All are Science What is Sciences and synonyms Discipline; Knowledge; Skill; Art; and to us Religion - A branch of knowledge or study dealing with a body of facts or truths systematically arranged and showing the operation of general laws: the mathematical sciences. - A systematic knowledge of the physical or material world gained through observation and experimentation. CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 35

Johali HEP Sciences Definitions of Theory and Model - A theory is a set of interrelated concepts, definitions and propositions that present a systematic view of events or situations by specifying relations among variables, in order to explain and predict the events or situations (Kerlinger, 1986, p. 9) - Models draw on a number of theories to help understand a specific problem in a particular setting or context (Glanz et al., 2008, p.29) CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 36 Johali HEP Sciences Types of Theories G. Classification Basic beliefs about Meaning and Purpose: What counts as knowledge and how it is produced; how we can know anything : The nature and working of things Beliefs about society, policy and relationships, such as: Functionalism

Critical Theory Theoretical frameworks about facts and reality, including: Positivism; Social construction; Postmodernism. Theories about Personality that explain values and personal aims and motives, priorities, and preferences Theories of Disciplines, such as surgery, chemistry, genetics, which each include many theories or ways of seeing things and technical ways of describing them Theories of Working that explain systems and are accepted unless they are superseded by a different explanation1for example, Harveys theory of circulation of the blood, Listers theory of antisepsis, Darwins theory of evolution, beliefs about how disability is genetically or socially determined Explicitly stated theories: Hypotheses & Research questions CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 More illustration by figures next

& 37 Johali HEP Sciences Theories Classification in Figures Positivism: the detached scientist examines parts isolated from their context and searches for universal laws Positivism in social medicine: more account is taken of social backgrounds )the shading(, but mainly as separate characteristics or behaviors to modify Functionalism: working-society should be united, functioning as efficiently as a beehive to everyones benefit Social construction: relationships )the arrows( and social context )the shading( partly construct and are part of peoples identity Postmodernism: the foggy shading indicates how once-clear definitions and differences become problems to study, not truths to assume Critical theory: some groups are more powerful than others, and they all compete for resources like trees in a crowded forest CHS382

Johali1stFUHE2016 38 Johali HEP Sciences Others required revise and continue CHS382 We have covered except LC Johali1stFUHE2016 39 You Have studied SCT ? in CHS 282 Do You Remember ? This ? This is Support Spiral Model of SCT CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 40 ?Locus )Explore Place of Pain Need Interest Ability..Believe Islam ( CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 41

?Locus )Explore Place of Pain Need Interest Ability..Believe Islam ( 42 CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 1 43 Organizational Theory Organizational Stage Theory is based on the observation that organizations, similar to individuals, pass through a series of stages as they change. Thus, interventions can be focused on moving the organization from one stage to the next. Groups can be resistant to change and need encouragement, new skills, and confidence to make a successful transition. Organizational Stage Theory Define problem Identify solutions Initiate action Organizational Development Theory Organizational structures Allocate resources

Implement Institutionalize CHS382 Worker behavior and motivation Johali1stFUHE2016 44 Diffusion of Innovations Theory How new ideas, products, and behaviors become norms All levels: individual, interpersonal, community, and organizational Success determined by: nature of innovation, communication channels, adoption time, social system Adoption time Awareness Intention Adoption Gradual Change Movement through groups Pioneers Early adopters Masses CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 45 .Source: Everett M. Rogers, Diffusion of Innovations, 4th ed. (New York: The Free Press, 1995)

Social Learning Theory Social Learning Theory recommends three strategies for increasing self-efficacy: Setting small, incremental goals: When someone achieves a small goal, his or her sense of self-efficacy increases. Taking the next stepand anothermakes the goal seem attainable. Behavioral contracting: Agreeing to a formal process that specifies goals and rewards so that individuals and groups will receive feedback, guidance, and praise for progress. Self-monitoring: Feedback from self-monitoring, such as keeping a journal, can reinforce determination to change and increase confidence in ones ability to achieve the desired action. Finally, applying intermittent positive reinforcement over an extended period helps to maintain the desired behavior once it is adopted. CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 46 Samples of Health Education - Health Education Philosophies - Theories & Process Models Approach CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 47 Samples of Health Education Philosophies - Theories - Process Model \ Approach

Johali 1995 Philosophy UK P 2000 & B eyond T he Used P hilosophies & Sciences UKP2000 PHILOSOPHY OF HEALTH & NURSING MODEL Optimum health Independence handicap HP & NC death Health breakdown & independence heal th pr omoti on & Nur si ng car e Deviation From Health http://faculty.ksu.edu.sa/JOHALI/Publications/Forms/AllItems.aspx?RootFolder=%2FJOHALI%2FPublications%2FMy%20Publishing%20Books&FolderCTID=0x0120009493C311010EAF4994AA8F69DDB1DF8E&View={8B47BFA9-043E-4834-8EC5-5A724A4AA026} http://faculty.ksu.edu.sa/JOHALI/Publications/Forms/AllItems.aspx?RootFolder=%2FJOHALI%2FPublications%2FMy%20Publishing%20Books&FolderCTID=0x0120009493C311010EAF4994AA8F69DDB1DF8E&View={8B47BFA9-043E-4834-8EC5-5A724A4AA026} CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 48 Samples of Health Education Paradigms Theories & Process Model Approach

Applied .The development and application of theory hypothetico-deductive and inductive approaches combined CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 Green J Health Educ. Res. 2000;15:125-129 49 Reasoning the Samples & Created Islamic the HEP Theories Some Reasons - Assure quality required perfecting all Western sciences by Islam - Improving global health requires behavior change at every levelindividuals, families, communities, organizations, and policymaking bodies - Evidence-based behavioral theories and successful behavior-change case histories point the way CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 50 MODEL OF HP THE CONTRIBUTION OF EDUCATION TO HEALTH PROMOTION

)TONES et al 1990( Public pressure Empowered participating community Healthy public policy Healthy social and physical environment HEALTH Critical consciousness raising CHS382 Agenda setting Healthy choices Lobbying Advocacy Mediation (LAM) HP Organization Healthy services Professional education 51

Education for health Johali1stFUHE2016 SAMPLE HEP MODELs TANNAHILLS MODEL OF HEALTH PROMOTION )DOWNIE et al 1990( 1. Preventive services, e.g. immunization, cervical screening, hypertension case finding, developmental surveillance, use of nicotine chewing gum to aid smoking cessation. 5. Positive health education, e.g lifeskills with young people. 5 Health education 7 2 4 1 Prevention

3 6 Health protection 2. Preventive health education, e.g. 3. Preventive health protection, smoking cessation advice and information. 4. Health education for preventive health protection, CHS382 e.g. fluoridation of water. e.g. lobbying for seat belt legislation. Johali1stFUHE2016 6. Positive health protection, e.g. workplace smoking policy. 7. Health education

aimed at positive health protection, e.g. lobbying for a ban on tobacco advertising. 52 Putting Islamic Concepts Into Practice for Health Promotion A five-stage model ( Bracht et al. 1999) Community. 1 analysis Dissemination. 5 reassessment- COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION STAGES Design. 2 initiation - Maintenance. 4 consolidation - Implementation. 3 CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016

53 Religion and Health - Pathways of Islamic Health Theory Quran & Hadith Five Pillars of Islam Salutogenic Elements of Faith )Community Based HP( Islamic Jurisprudence Sense of coherence Mechanism HB Predisposing & Enabling factors Behavior CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016

Healthy Lifestyle 54 Johali HEE From HE ETHICS (HEE) To HUMAN COMMUNICATION (HuCOM) CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 55 Johali HEE THE MOAJOE ISLAMIC ETHICAL BASES ISLAMIC ESSENTIALS Individual/Personal Nature & Educational Development: from fetus - later age & day after

Social Security/Welfare & Relationships COMMUNICATION RIGHTS (As a Muslim learner; You have to write Evidence from Holly Quraan & Sunnah) CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 56 THE MOAJOE ISLAMIC ETHICAL BASES Johali HEE ISLAMIC FOUNDATIONS HUMAN NOBILITY / Dignity - Identify

JUSTICE & EQUITY : * : * * * HUMAN COOPERATION * FORGIVENESS/COMPASSION/AFFECTION / : HONESTY / FIDELITY/Loyalty * / / * / / BENEFIT/ USEFULNESS ============ As a Muslim learner, you have to find at least (Aiah or Hadith) as scientific evidence for each 57

----------------------------------------------Johali1stFUHE2016 For details read: Johali (2008) A Concise of Health Profession History & Ethics CHS382 Johali HEE THE GLOBAL MORAL REASONING THREE MAJOR LEVELS + 6 STAGES PRE-CONVENTIONAL LEVEL STAGE 1: Moral Realism STAGE 2: Individual & Instrumental Morality CONVENTIONAL LEVEL STAGE 3: Interpersonal Normative Morality STAGE 4: Social System Morality POST-CONVENTIONAL LEVEL STAGE 5: Human Rights & Social Contract Morality STAGE 6: Universal Ethical Principles (because People seen as having value in themselves rather than as agent of social values, thus it emphasis the Self chosen for best Justice; Human dignity & Rights Optimum Quality CHS382

Johali1stFUHE2016 58 Johali HEE THE GLOBAL MORAL REASONING GLOBAL ETHICS PRINCIPLES BENEFIENCE : Act in the best interest of the patient, it is a moral (religious) principles, the Western traced to Hippocratic pledge. Meanwhile, it is one of the major Islamic Principles. AUTONOMY: Patients rights to self-determination; to chose what will be done to them. HONESITY : Patients have the right to the truth about their medical conditions, the course of their disease, the treatments recommended & alternative treatment available. INFORMAL CONSENT : this is a part of Autonomy & honesty principles. The patients have the right to be

informed about all the relevant medical aspects including the treatment. CONFIDENIALITY : based on the human dignity, patients have the right to assure that all the information about their medical conditions & treatment will not be given to other without their prior permission. FIDELITY/LOYALTY: Your responsibilities should be directed toward the Patients Welfare, not to the physician interests CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 59 Johali HEE The SEVEN SEAS (7Cs) 1st Step towards HuCOMHE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

7. Credibility: You the source the Sender (S) must be competent and reliable to Motivate Context: HE Message (HEM) must be relevant to the receiver Content: HEM must have genuine meaning meaningfulness Clarity: the R Patient must be able to understand the message Continuity: Though repeated with variations, HE Message must be consistent (steady reliable) enough NOT to Confuse the R Channels: HEM must use the most acceptable communication channels\media (HE methodology & technology) to the R Capability: The R must be able to communicate effectively with Least amount of Effort CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 60 HEE Based HUMAN COMMUNICATION Nature Types- Levels - - Skills Network Process CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016

61 Creating a Shared Vision of HE Wellness Effective HE Wellness program engage and mobilize their target audiences. They communicate a clear and inspiring vision of what the program is, why it is important and how people can participate. Such a shared vision must present a full value position that addresses diverse needs. The vision must be rooted in the culture and build upon the larger purpose that drives the group, organization or community. The vision must be credible. People must see how sufficient planning and followthrough will lead to lasting and positive change. This unit promote you to learn how to develop a shared effective human communication that assure quality of health education and promotion. Modified from Judd Allen, PhD CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 http://www.healthpromotionconference.com/index.php?com_route=faculty&page=&id=106&value=abstract#Judd%20Allen,%20PhD 62 Fundamentals of the 4Cs & FuHE Creative 6Cs The 4 Cs are communication, cooperation, coordination, and collaboration Building connections between educators is an important practice used to meet the educational needs of each client

The 4 Cs process is intentional essential CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 63 Sources of Communication Communication a part of the 4Cs & Johali 6Cs of Effective HECOM Traditional 4 Cs )1( 1. 2. 3. 4. Communication Cooperation Coordination Collaboration Johali Creative 6 Cs for Effective ZDQ HEHuCOM . Effective Communication for ZDHEHuCOM 1. Creative Critical Thinking CCT 2. 3. 4. 5.

6. Creative Problem Solving CPS Creative Decision Making CDM Creative Coordination CCOOR Creative Cooperation CCOOP C Collaboration CCOL Creativity & Innovation Johali1stFUHE2016 64 Innovated the 4Cs Compare to the FuHE 6 Creative Cs Models Traditional 4 Cs Communication Communication Cooperation Coordination Collaboration CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 65 Innovated the 4Cs Compare to the FuHE 6 Creative Cs Models Johali Creative 6 Cs for QHEHuCOM

Communication Communication CCT; CPS;CDM C. Coordination C. Collaboration C. Cooperation C&I QHEHuCOM CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 66 Related HuCOMHE COMMUNICATION THEORIES Johali Concise Interaction Theory Inter-ACT Interaction is the act of having an effect on each other. Thus, it is a process of exchange = communication. It is based on a consideration of three main elements (AIA): Activity, refers to the act or behaviors that the group undertakes Interaction, pertains to the reaction or the exchange that occur among group members. Attitude (Sentiment), to the feelings members have their communicating or working to gather. CHS382

Johali1stFUHE2016 67 Related HuCOMHE COMMUNICATION THEORIES Attitude Change Theory ACT In order to produce effective HE communication: and to change attitude, this theory gives Three main conditions (NVC): 1. 2. 3. The Nature of communication: eg. Sender characters The Validity of communication source: e,g; Massage. The Characteristics of the audience the receiver. It is based upon the foundations: The Greater the Prestige and Credibility of communication & HE process, the Greater Effectiveness quality and Attitude Change.

The Greater the Fear aroused by HE Message, the Less likely were the Patients to Accept it. CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 68 HuCOMHE - Johali GRAND THEORY Types & Skills of Human Communication Non Verbal Symbols Verbal 1. 2. Facial Movement Destine & Body M. 3. Gaze & Eye Contact 4.

Body poster & contact 5. Use of Space 6. Use of Time 7. Appearance & Cloths CHS382 Speech Language Written 1. Jargon Trap M. T 2. Use +VE words for hope 3. Be Rationale to: Conceal, justify, explain, cover other feelings describe and Correct y feelings, and share other Meta Communication Deep thinking-understanding - truth Johali1stFUHE2016 69

NationalInternational INTRA&INTER Social & Cultural Organizational Group INTERPERSONAL INTRAPERSONAL Adapted HUMAN COMMUNICATION & HE LEVELS 1. Self interact to interpret reality & create messages. At this basic level, the central communicative processes of encoding & decoding are performed to help us coordinate our meanings and messages at 2. 2. Interaction, negotiation and relations between two individuals, its effectiveness based on level 1, this level is the most important to health communication and, thus, it is important to gain at least the Seven Top Health Communication Skills (Pagano & Ragan, 1992, 29) . 3. Interaction of three or more individuals to adapt & achieve common tasks, its effectiveness based on 1. & 2. e.g; medical team. 4. Encompasses 1, 2, & 3, it is important to develop effective formal channels and informal networks e.g; hospitals & health centres. 5. Intra & Inter Social/Cultural joints all the above, it can be within more than two different groups, communities in one organization, nation or nations. 6. This is the highest level of communications, e.g; national and international mass media & satellites. CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 70 HCP COMPONENTS & STEPS 1. The Sending Person who has an idea, thought, feeling, value, attitude, information. 2. The Encoding Process: the sender mental perception by which he/she thinks,

translates and codes the communication message. 3. The Message the product of the encoding process which formulated in a certain order hoping that it will be understood by receiver. 4. The Channel of sending the message, our senses (sight, sound, touch, taste, smell) are the common channels at the basic intra- & interpersonal levels and, the most used are sight and sound or speech. 5. The Interference the step of preventing the sending message from distortion (the message sent being the message received). To prevent your message, you have to understand the receiving personality and to use the appropriate codes and channels for him/her. 6. The Receiving/ Responding Person : as sender . have to interpret the sent message without any distortion. 7. The Decoding Process the receiver mental perception by which he/she thinks and translates the encoding massage as it is being sent. To do so, the sending message must be coded according to the receivers needs, knowledge and characteristics. 8. The Making of Meaning the massage which attempts to avoid expected outcomes. If you are passive you have negated and sat on your own feelings at some cost to yourself. 9. The Feedback & Evaluation: checkout & promote feeling CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 71 HEHuCOM PROCESS NETWORK 2. Thinks 2. Thinks 3.

formulates massage Encoding Process0 Encoding Process0 Or: he has not got my massage try again 7. Decoding Process 4: sends via 1 Sender Ed : checkout Ma nsour Artist 10 th. Ha ja h 31 5. I n t e r f e r e n c e Channel : Feelings Si ght Sound Touch Smell

3. formulates massage 8 Makes meani ng Either Keep it Receiver 6 7. Decoding Process OR 9a: I wel l l at him Know how 9b: feedback Or: he has not got my massage try again 8 Makes meaning

4: sends via Ed : checkout 5. In te r fe re n c e 1 Sender Channel : Feelings Sight Sound Touch Smell Either Keep it Receiver 6 OR 9a: I well lat him Know how 9b: feedback Mansour Artist 10 th.Hajah 31

Discover: - P & HE - HC Components & Steps -Who Decode and who Encode - Draw Source: Johali HPHUCOM; HuCOMPT Johali1stFUHE2016 ? CHS382 72 THE SEVEN (7) TOPS HEALTH COMMUNICTION SKILLS 1. Give accurate & Adequate Feedback 2. Listening Carefully 3. Interpreting Accurately 4. Giving Clear Directions 5. Treating Others in Professional Manner 6. Communicating Information Clearly 7. Establishing Ones Credibility (Pagano & ragan 1992; 29) in Johali 2002, 2007, 2013 CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 73 References & Sources Bunton, R. & Macdonald, G. (1992). Health Promotion: Disciplines and diversity. London. Routledge. De Leeuw, E. & Hussein, A. (1999). Islamic health promotion and interculturalization. Health

Promotion International, Volume 14 No 4, 347-353. Elaine M. Murphy, Promoting Healthy Behavior, Health Bulletin 2 (Washington, DC: Population Reference Bureau, 2005). Available online at www.prb.org Green W. L. & Kreuter W. M. (1999). Health Promotion Planning: An Educational and Ecological Approach. 3rd ed. Mountain View. Mayfield Publishing Company. Kemm, J. & Close, A. (1995). Health Promotion: Theory and Practice. London. Macmillan Press LTD. Ruck, N. (2002). Child Care in Islam:Lessons for health promotion. Islamic supercourse lectures. http://www.pitt.edu/~super1/lecture/lec4981/index.htm Naidoo, J. & Wills, J. (2000). Health Promotion Foundations for Practice. 2nd ed. Bailliere Tindal. Harcourt Publishers Limited. World Health Organization. (1986). Ottawa Charter for health promotion. Geneva. WHO. CHS382 74 Johali1stFUHE2016 Other with Internet resources West Islam History_of_Health_Education_and_Promotion_(American) http://www.powershow.com/view/664f5-N2NiY/History_of_Health_Education_ and_Promotion_powerpoint_ppt_presentation Ibn Rushds Defence of Philosophy as a Response to Ghazalis Challenge in the Name of Islamic Theology by Catherine Perry http://www.allamaiqbal.com/publications/journals/review/apr06/06.htm CHS382

Johali1stFUHE2016 75 Finally; Because it reflect the reality of our life Islam; I would like to end with this saying: My Best Wishes to be: Positive Smart Real Muslim FuHE - HuCOMHE Eisa Ali Johali the lecturer; Riyadh 28 August 2012 30 Aug 2015 CHS382 Johali1stFUHE2016 76

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