Acids & Bases

Acids & Bases

Acids & Bases They are everywhere.. In your food In your house EVEN IN YOU!!!!! What is an acid? An acid is a solution that has an excess of H+ ions. It comes from the Latin word acidus that means "sharp" or "sour". The more H + ions, the more acidic

the solution. Properties of an Acid Picture from BBC Revision Bites http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/ks3bitesize/science/chemistry/acids_b

ases_1. shtml Tastes Sour Conduct Electricity Corrosive, which means they break down certain substances. Many acids can corrode fabric, skin,and paper Some acids react strongly with metals

Turns blue litmus paper red Uses of Acids Acetic Acid = Vinegar Citric Acid = lemons, limes, & oranges. It is in many sour candies such as lemonhead & sour patch. Ascorbic acid = Vitamin C which your body needs to function. Sulfuric acid is used in the

production of fertilizers, steel, paints, and plastics. Car batteries What is a base? A base is a solution that has an excess of OHions. Another word for base is alkali. Bases are substances that can

accept hydrogen ions Properties of a Base Feel Slippery Taste Bitter Corrosive Can conduct electricity. (Think alkaline batteries.) Do not react with metals. Turns red litmus paper blue.

Uses of Bases Bases give soaps, ammonia, and many other cleaning products some of their useful properties. The OH- ions interact strongly with certain substances, such

as dirt and grease. Chalk and oven cleaner are examples of familiar products that contain bases. Your blood is a basic solution. pH Scale pH is a measure of how acidic or basic a solution is. The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14. Acidic solutions have pH values below 7

A solution with a pH of 0 is very acidic. A solution with a pH of 7 is neutral. Pure water has a pH of 7. Basic solutions have pH values above 7. pH Scale A change of 1 pH unit represents a tenfold change in the acidity of the solution. For example, if one solution has a pH of 1 and a second solution has a pH of 2, the first

solution is not twice as acidic as the second it is ten times more acidic. Acid Base Reactions A reaction between an acid and a base is called neutralization. An acid-base mixture is not as acidic or basic as the individual starting solutions.

Acid Base reactions Each salt listed in this table can be formed by the reaction between an acid and a base.

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