A Healthy Habit READING FOOD LABELS Sadia Shaukat Sodexo Dietetic Intern, 2013 Nutrition Facts/Food label Required by Food and Drug administration on
most package foods and beverages. Provide information about foods nutrient contents such as fats, sodium, fiber. Why to read label? Can help you make healthier choices Can compare different foods Eating a healthy diet can help you reduce risk
factors for many diseases. Important if you need to follow special diet Contains information about food allergies Start Serving Size Tells the measurement of one serving All the nutrients on the label are based on this amount.
Servings per container How many serving are in the package This package contains 2 cups of mac & cheese What is the serving size of your snack? Total calories Provides measure of how much energy
this food is providing Calories comes from Carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Calories from fat is part of total calories. General Guide to Calories 40 Calories is low 100 Calories is moderate 400 Calories or more is high Calories per serving To calculate the amount of calories or a
nutrient in more than one serving: Number of servings X Calories or nutrients Example: How many calories are in whole package of mac & cheese? 1 serving= 250 2 serving= 500 Remember: the number of servings you consume
determines the number of calories you actually eat How many calories are in one serving? How many calories are in the entire package? Limit these nutrients Get
enough of these Limit These Nutrients Eating too much fat, saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, or sodium may increase your risk of certain chronic diseases, like heart disease, some cancers, or high blood pressure. Total fat: 56-78grams/day Saturated fat: no more than 16 grams/day
Trans fat: less than 2 grams/day Cholesterol: less than 200 mg/day Total Fat Total fat includes- Saturated, Trans fat and unsaturated fat Labeling unsaturated fat is voluntary Limit your fat intake to 25-35% of the calories you eat. Total fat: 56-78grams/day for 2000 kcal/day Try to pick foods with heart-healthy fats
Choose foods with less than 5 grams of total fats per serving How many grams of fat are in one serving? How many grams of fat are in the entire package? Saturated fats Consume less than 7% of calories from saturated fats Saturated fat: no more than 16 grams/day for 2000kcal/day
Choose foods with less than 3 g per serving of saturated fats Trans Fats Trans fat: less than 2 grams/day 0 gram trans fats: means food contain less than 0.5 grams of trans fats per serving. Food contains 0 g of trans fat, but includes partially hydrogenated oil in the ingredient list
Choose foods with zero gram trans fat and also read the ingredient list Are there any trans fats? Cholesterol Cholesterol: less than 200 mg/day Found in animal based food products.
Sodium (salt) Limit Sodium to 1500 mg/day People without heart disease or risk factors for heart disease can have up to 2400 mg/day Choose low sodium foods, a foods is considered high sodium if it has 480 mg or more per serving. Total Carbohydrates Total carbohydrates include dietary
fiber, sugars and other carbohydrates. Eating too many carbohydrates can raise triglycerides Aim to get 25-30g dietary fiber per day Choose foods with at least 5 grams fiber per day Protein This number provides information about how much protein is in one serving
Measured in grams Needs are very individualized depending on age, gender, activity level and health. Get Enough Of These Get 100 percent of the fiber, vitamins and other nutrients you need every day. Eating enough of these nutrients can improve your health and help reduce
the risk of some diseases and conditions. Percent Daily Values The % Daily Values (%DVs) are based on the Daily Value recommendations for key nutrients but only for a 2,000 calorie daily diet. Your daily needs may be higher or lower depending upon age, gender, activity.
5%DV or less is low and 20%DV or more is high Which nutrients have a high % Daily Value (20% or more)? Which nutrients have a low % Daily Value (5% or less)? Do you think this is a healthy snack?
Foot Notes Lower part of nutrition label It will always be the same Shows recommended dietary advice for all Americans Based on 2000 and 2500 kcal/day These values may be higher or lower depending upon you age, gender, activity and health Ingredient list
First thing first: the biggest ingredient must be listed at top If the first ingredients listed come from sugar, salt, fats & oils, food is probably not a good choice. Shorter is better: the longer the ingredient list, the more processing and less natural the food. Food Claims In addition to the Nutrition Facts label, a lot of foods today also come with nutrient content
claims provided by the manufacturer. These claims are typically featured in ads for the foods or in the promotional copy on the food packages themselves. They are strictly defined by the FDA. If a food claims to be It means that one serving of the product contains.
Calorie free Less than 5 calories Sugar free Less than 0.5 g of sugar FAT Fat free
Less than 0.5g of fat Low fat 3 g of fat or less Reduced fat At least 25% less fat than the regular product Low in saturated fat
1 gram of saturated fat or less, with not more than 15 percent of the calories coming from saturated fat Lean Less than 10 grams of fat, 4.5 grams of saturated fat and 95 milligrams of cholesterol Extra lean
Less than 5 grams of fat, 2 grams of saturated fat and 95 milligrams of cholesterol Light (lite) At least one-third fewer calories or no more than half the fat of the regular product, or no more than half the sodium of the regular product If food claims to It means that one serving of the product be. contains.
Cholesterol Cholesterol free Less than 2 milligrams of cholesterol and 2 grams (or less) of saturated fat Low cholesterol 20 or fewer milligrams of cholesterol and 2 grams or less of saturated fat Reduced cholesterol
At least 25 percent less cholesterol than the regular product and 2 grams or less of saturated fat Sodium Sodium free or no sodium Less than 5 milligrams of sodium and no sodium chloride in ingredients Very low sodium
35 milligrams or less of sodium Low sodium 140 milligrams or less of sodium Reduced or less sodium At least 25 percent less sodium than the regular product Fiber
High fiber 5 grams or more of fiber Good source of fiber 2.5 to 4.9 grams of fiber Food Claims: Quick guide Free means a food has the least possible amount of the specified nutrient.
Very Low and Low means the food has a little more than foods labeled Free. Reduced or Less mean the food has 25 percent less of a specific nutrient than the regular version of the food. Summary Choose foods that are low in fat, especially saturated fat Choose foods with zero grams of trans fats, also read ingredient list and look for hydrogenated oils
Avoid high sodium foods Choose foods with no added sugar Choose foods high in dietary fiber and vitamins 5%DV or less is low and 20%DV or more is high Choose foods with short ingredient lists when possible QUESTIONS???? EAT RIGHT THANK YOU!
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